Impacts Of Subdivision Of Ranches On Land Cover And Rangeland Resources In Malili Division, Makueni County, Kenya

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ABSTRACT

Information on impacts of subdivision of ranches on land cover is important as it forms

vital baseline among others for the detection of impacts of degradation of rangeland and

economic resources in the area. This study was conducted between May and November,

2012. The broad objective for the study was to assess the impacts of subdivision of

ranches and subsequent land use change on land cover and rangeland resources in the

study area. The research employed various data collection methodologies including

descriptive cross-sectional household survey, analysis of geo-spatial data, focused group

discussions (FGD), as well as ecological sampling in order to collect qualitative and

quantitative data. The study area was subdivided into four clusters, based on the time of

subdivision and duration of human settlement. Primary data was collected by use of

questionnaires, observations checklists and analyzed using statistical programme for

social scientists (SPSS). Data on land cover changes over the 30 year period between

1980 and 2010 was derived from analysis of landsat imagery scenes for the area using

various computer software such as ArcGIS, ERDAS IMAGINE 9.1 and ENVI 4.1.

Results from this study indicate that the land cover in the study area has under gone

significant transformation over the period between 1980 and 2010. A rea under woodland

declined by 36.01% from 60.79 to 38.90 km 2 ; wooded grassland declined by 35.69%

from 142.6 to 123.3 km 2 ; cropland increased by 487.61% from 23.91 to 140.48 km 2 while

grassland declined by 45.33% from 97.84 km 2 to 53.49 km 2 . Land use patterns in the area

have shifted significantly over the 30 year period. Mean duration of settlement was 44.97

years in cluster 1, 26.63 years in cluster 2, and 4.7 years in cluster 3. This study revealed

that changes in various land cover types over time is closely related to the human

settlement patterns in the area. According to this study, the mean tree density was

76.11±12.8, 43.52±9.1, 24.88±4.4 in clusters 1, 2, and 3 compared to 109.60±12.9 in the

control. Grazing pressure was significantly high in the settled areas, while the range

condition was poorer in the settled areas when compared with the existing ranch. The

study further revealed that a majority of respondents have experienced a decline in the

supply of various rangeland resources. Access to various environmental resources such as

water, firewood, charcoal, construction materials, and pasture has been declining

according to 66.5, 88.0, 91.0, 84.6 and 76.8 percent of respondents respectively. The

study identified charcoal burning and cultivation as the major causes of decline in natural

vegetation cover according to 54.2 and 47.7 percent of respondents respectively. The

study findings indicate that, crop yields, livestock productivity and household incomes

have been declining over the last five years according to 79.2, 66.9 and 67.1 percent of

respondents respectively. The study recommends that policies and strategies be instituted

to discourage further fragmentation of rangelands in the study area. The study

recommends further research to determine the impacts of habitat fragmentation primary

and secondary productivity in the area, as well as developing thresholds and standards

necessary for ensuring sustainable utilization and checking further degradation in the

rangelands.

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APA

Research, S. & KAMAU, K (2021). Impacts Of Subdivision Of Ranches On Land Cover And Rangeland Resources In Malili Division, Makueni County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-subdivision-of-ranches-on-land-cover-and-rangeland-resources-in-malili-division-makueni-county-kenya

MLA 8th

Research, SSA, and KIARIE KAMAU "Impacts Of Subdivision Of Ranches On Land Cover And Rangeland Resources In Malili Division, Makueni County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 26 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-subdivision-of-ranches-on-land-cover-and-rangeland-resources-in-malili-division-makueni-county-kenya. Accessed 26 Sep. 2022.

MLA7

Research, SSA, and KIARIE KAMAU . "Impacts Of Subdivision Of Ranches On Land Cover And Rangeland Resources In Malili Division, Makueni County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 26 May. 2021. Web. 26 Sep. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-subdivision-of-ranches-on-land-cover-and-rangeland-resources-in-malili-division-makueni-county-kenya >.

Chicago

Research, SSA and KAMAU, KIARIE . "Impacts Of Subdivision Of Ranches On Land Cover And Rangeland Resources In Malili Division, Makueni County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed September 26, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-subdivision-of-ranches-on-land-cover-and-rangeland-resources-in-malili-division-makueni-county-kenya