Impacts of Urbanization On the Water Resources: A Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala District.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

APPROVAL

DECLARATION .

ii

DEDICATION iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS v

LIST OF TABLES viii

LIST OF FIGURES ix

LIST OF ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS x

ABSTRACT xi

CHAPTER ONE 1

INTRODUCTION 1

1 .0 Introduction 1

.1 Background of the study’ 1

1 .2 Problem statement 2

1 .3 Study objectives 2

1.3,1 General objectives 2

1 .3.2 Specific objectives 2

1 .4 Research questions 3

1.5 Justification of the Study 3

V

CHAPTER TWO ~4

LITERATURE REVIEW 4

2.0 Introduction 4

2.1 Urbanization 4

2.2 Characteristics of urbanization 5

2.2.1 Primary production and urbanization 6

2.2.1 Secondary activities and urbanization 6

2,2.2 Tertiary production and urbanization 6

2.3 Types of water resources 7

2.3.1 Renewable water resources 7

2.3.2 Non renewable water resources 7

2.4 Impacts of urbanization on water resources 8

2.5 Ways of conserving and managing water resource 10

CHAPTER THREE 12

MATERIALS AND METHODS 12

3.0 Introduction 12

3.1 Study site 12

3.2 Study design 12

3.3 Study population 12

3.4 sample size determination 14

3.7 Data collection tool 14

3.8 Ethical consideration 14

3.9 Confidentiality 15

3.10 Data analysis and presentation 15

vi

CHAPTER FOUR .16

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS OF THE STUDY 16

4.0 Introduction 16

4.ISocio-Demographic Characteristics of the Respondents 16

4.2 Knowledge about Urbanization 20

4.3 Distribution of Urban I Human Activities and Water Resource 21

CHAPTER FIVE 29

EXCECUTIVE SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 29

5.0: Introduction 29

5.1 Summary of findings 29

5.1.lThe level of knowledge about urbanization and its implications on water resources in

Makindye division 29

5,1 .2.The common human activities that affect water resources in Makindye division 29

5.1.3. The impacts of human/urban activities on water resources in Makindye division 30

5.4 Conclusions 31

5.5 Recommendations 32

REFERENCES 34

APPENDICES 37

Appendix I: Questionnaires 37

Appendix II: Interview Guide 41

Appendix: III: Photgraphy captured during field survey 42

Appendix IV: Summary of Raw Data 43

ABSTRACT In Uganda, especially in Makindye division- Kampala District, the impact of Urbanization on the Water resources has greatly increased in recent years due to uncontrolled and poorly managed human activities such as poor waste management, establishment of urban agriculture in wetlands and among others. Water resources have been one of the environmental resources that have benefited Uganda in terms of development (urbanization) but however, this has affected their quality and the quantity hence leading to severe environmental problems. This research study was carried out with the main objective of ensuring coordinated development and management of water and related resources without affecting environmental systems by analyzing the urbanization characteristics, identifying the dominant water resources, examining the impacts of urbanization on water resources and finding out the possible ways of conserving and managing the existing resources. The study was descriptive in nature comprising of both qualitative and quantitative designs considering the study population above 1 5$ivhich included both male and female and a total of 102 respondents was chosen as the sample size, this was determined using Kish and Leslie formula. The study considered two types of data namely, primary and secondary data, which were obtained through, taking photographs, questionnaires, interviews and review of relevant literature of scholarly materials. The study findings (Data) were mainly using frequencies and percentages which were late presented in form of bar graphs, frequency distribution tables and photographs. The urbanization characteristics of the study area included settlement (residential and commercial), urban agriculture, trade and commerce, fishing and among others. The dominant water resources that were outlined in the study area included; wetlands, streams, lake, wells, aquifers and rivers. On the other hand, the impacts of urbanization on water resources included; pollution, total dry off, decline in productivity, and loss of biodiversity. Also the possible ways of conserving the existing water resources included; proper urban planning, creating awareness, proper waste management, public education and protection laws and acts. Findings indicated that there was a strong negative relationship between urbanization and water resources in the study area. The study has made recommendations including; increasing sensitization to the public, extending free waste storage facilities and services, advocacy of effective policies, promoting greater transparency in response to public concerns and promoting proper urban planning.

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APA

ANDREW, B (2022). Impacts of Urbanization On the Water Resources: A Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala District.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-urbanization-on-the-water-resources-a-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala-district

MLA 8th

ANDREW, BYAMUGISHA "Impacts of Urbanization On the Water Resources: A Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala District." Afribary. Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-urbanization-on-the-water-resources-a-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala-district. Accessed 12 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

ANDREW, BYAMUGISHA . "Impacts of Urbanization On the Water Resources: A Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala District.". Afribary, Afribary, 02 Aug. 2022. Web. 12 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-urbanization-on-the-water-resources-a-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala-district >.

Chicago

ANDREW, BYAMUGISHA . "Impacts of Urbanization On the Water Resources: A Case Study of Makindye Division Kampala District." Afribary (2022). Accessed August 12, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-urbanization-on-the-water-resources-a-case-study-of-makindye-division-kampala-district