Wild animals in protected areas can have serious concerns to the livelihoods of communities
living in and around protected areas. The research investigated the impacts of the wild
animals on communities around Maasai Mara game reserve. The wild animals and the types
of destruction they cause, people’s attitudes towards wildlife conservation and their response
towards the negative impacts from wild animals were investigated. Several techniques of data
collection were used to gather the information for this study among which included
interviews, observation and questionnaires, secondary data sources were used, various
literatures that dealt with the topic, books, journals, reports and any un published, they were
of great importance to the researcher since they provided relevant information.
The findings reveal that dominant wild animals were elephants, lions, leopards, wild beast
and hyenas among others. These wild animals have various impacts to the community
livelihoods. These included attacking and killing of livestock and people, destruction of
agricultural land, crops and fences, competing for fodder with livestock hence overgrazing
and spread of wildlife diseases to livestock and humans. However the community derives
some positive impacts from these animals, for instance; wild meat and sport hunting, their
skins are used for making whips, community were compensated whenever their livestock are
attacked by the wild animals such as lions.
It was also revealed that a large number of communities preferred the game reserve to be
turned into a grazing land; this is because of their large heads of cattle which lacks adequate
grazing land because of high population growth rate which has led to over fragmentation of
grazing land. In this case therefore the communities have negative attitudes towards wildlife
conservation since they all compete for available resources. It is recommended that the
concerned stakeholders should implement the following recommendations: bottom-up
approach of management, community sensitization, compensation, revising the policies, controlling population growth rate , putting up buffer zones.
DAVID, M (2021). Impacts Of Wild Animals To Communities Around Protected Areas. A Case Study Of Maasai Mara Game-Reserve Narok County Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-wild-animals-to-communities-around-protected-areas-a-case-study-of-maasai-mara-game-reserve-narok-county-kenya
DAVID, MELIYIO "Impacts Of Wild Animals To Communities Around Protected Areas. A Case Study Of Maasai Mara Game-Reserve Narok County Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-wild-animals-to-communities-around-protected-areas-a-case-study-of-maasai-mara-game-reserve-narok-county-kenya. Accessed 25 Sep. 2021.
DAVID, MELIYIO . "Impacts Of Wild Animals To Communities Around Protected Areas. A Case Study Of Maasai Mara Game-Reserve Narok County Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 25 Sep. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-wild-animals-to-communities-around-protected-areas-a-case-study-of-maasai-mara-game-reserve-narok-county-kenya >.
DAVID, MELIYIO . "Impacts Of Wild Animals To Communities Around Protected Areas. A Case Study Of Maasai Mara Game-Reserve Narok County Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed September 25, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/impacts-of-wild-animals-to-communities-around-protected-areas-a-case-study-of-maasai-mara-game-reserve-narok-county-kenya