1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Liquidity is the word that bankers use to describe the ability to satisfy demand for cash in exchange for deposit. A bank is considered to be liquid when it has in various forms and locations plus arrestment insecurities that are easily available at a short notice without loss or much loss to the bank, it could be conventional to refers to a bank as being liquid when it has enough liquidity to meet any financial emergency, for instance, during a runoff, the bank have the question of how much liquidity to hold and in what form is of great concern to any prudent bank manager.
Manager are also face with the requirements to comply with liquidity to meet seasonal and unexpected run on bank for cash be anticipated and met in advance from expected each in flow, deposit loan repayment or earnings.
In light of the above, the role of liquidity in our commercial banks becomes all to real its importance cannot therefore be over emphasized liquidity is needed to take advantage of unexpected favourable and profitable opportunity or for aggressive purpose.
If a bank is needed of liquidity, it becomes difficult for it to take opportunities like this. A bank might run into difficulties when a firm that they went to secure as a customer family presents a loan application or particular desirable investment development, it becomes difficult for them to do this, it is not sufficiently liquid. Usually the bank approach is to identity two liquidity needs of banks, one is the need for immediate liquidity to ensure to continual day-to-day operations (e.g. liquidity to meet with drawal of deposits by customers, clients) and the other it the need to meet unforeseeable problems in financing the banks know future commitments the balance sheet relationship which is most relevant to this view of liquidity is that of deposit liability.
In order for the bank to distinguish between the following:
1. Liquidity and assets, which are maturity uncertain (e.g. short deposit and overdraft)
2. Liquidity and asset which are maturity certain (e.g. loan and deposits, which are for friend terms).
3. Assets which have a friend maturity but by nature usually can be sold easily and safely e.g. treasury bills, extricate or deposits.
In Nigeria, commercial banks activities are regulated by banking act 1969 (as amended). As a result a lot is required of the commercial bank like legal reserved requirement (cash ration liquidity ratio stabilization secrets issued by the central bank of Nigeria CBN for special deposit). Liquidity problem for the purpose of this study are divided of looked at as problems for the purpose encountered by banks management. Where there is either excess or shortage of liquidity on the banking system or is commercial banking system. It will be noted that since the end of Nigeria Civil war, the Nigerian financial system has been experiencing economic transaction, which emanated from the inflow of foreign exchange via the oil sector. Emphasis were gradually shifted from other sector like agriculture to oil, has performance in this sector entered prudent influence on the liquidity of the economy, the federal government was equally welcoming in liquidity so it had no use of certain borrowing instrument like treasury bills, treasury certificates and development stock. As a result, banks vaults swelled uncontrollably. This resulted in arm-chain banking by choosing which deposit to accept and which not to the bank were walling in excess liquidity and where was little out lets for short term resources and yet banks were not ready to long term investment.
Commercial banks were faced with excess liquidity problems. They had more funds which could be profitable employ. But is believed that the situation is reviewed. Banks are now faced with the problem of liquidity and liquidity hidden for long.
A bank may succeed in canceling low profitability or capital inadequacy for long, but a bank that becomes illiquid many not be able to conceal it for more than one day. Once there is an increased demand for currency the problem of liquidity will surface.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.5 LIMITATION OF STUDY
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS
2.2 MEASUREMENT OF BAN LIQUIDITY
2.3 PROBLEMS IN COMMERCIAL BANKS
3.1 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Ugwu, A. (2018). IMPORTANCE OF LIQUIDITY IN COMMERCIAL BANKS. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-liquidity-in-commercial-banks-728
Ugwu, Anderson "IMPORTANCE OF LIQUIDITY IN COMMERCIAL BANKS" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-liquidity-in-commercial-banks-728. Accessed 11 Dec. 2023.
Ugwu, Anderson . "IMPORTANCE OF LIQUIDITY IN COMMERCIAL BANKS". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 11 Dec. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-liquidity-in-commercial-banks-728 >.
Ugwu, Anderson . "IMPORTANCE OF LIQUIDITY IN COMMERCIAL BANKS" Afribary (2018). Accessed December 11, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/importance-of-liquidity-in-commercial-banks-728