Student engagement has been conceptualized to connote the things that students do and are made
to do at school. Engaged students are willing to participate in routine activities that are sanctioned
by the university such as going for lectures, adhering to university regulations, participating in
group work and submitting assignments on time. Predominantly, student engagement has been
denoted as students involving themselves in educational purposeful activities to enhance their
academic success and personal development.
Generally, the study investigated the factors that influenced student engagement and explained
how those factors in turn affected academic performance of students within the Ghanaian higher
The research objectives were to determine the sets of constructs that measured student engagement
and analyze the relationships between the demographic characteristics (levels of students, age and
sex) and the student engagement sub-variables. The research was also to investigate the
relationship between student engagement and academic performance through the flow-efficacystudent engagement linkages model in higher education; and finally determine the relationship
between student entrepreneurial activities and academic performance.
The research was conducted from the positivist perspective. The quantitative cross-sectional
survey strategy was used involving 449 students from level 200, 300 and 400 at the University of
Professional Studies, Accra. The selection was done using the stratified simple random sampling
and proportional techniques. The descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the
Findings showed that student learning experience (β= .185, p< .05), student experience with
faculty (β= -.133, p< .05), academic challenge (β= .107, p< .05), lecturer feedback (β= .129, p<
.05) and learning with peers significantly predicted student engagement. Conversely, campus
environment (β= -.057, p=ns) did not predict student engagement. Student engagement
significantly influenced students GPA (β= .298, t (448) = 6.573, p< .05). Students participated in
activities that challenged them to learn to meet their lecturer expectations (Academic challenge,
Mean= 3.861, SD=.665). Students rated their experiences with faculty (Mean= 3.293, SD= .670)
as the least dimension of the student engagement variable. Student engagement positively and
significantly influenced academic performance. Although, majority of the students did not engage
in entrepreneurial activities (Mean=2.605, SD=.884), results indicated that students who engaged
in entrepreneurial activities were likely not to do well academically (r= -.182, p< .05).
The study concluded that student engagement has significant influence on academic performance
of students in higher education in Ghana. The study recommended the need to encourage students
to form peer-counseling groups that could be used as vehicle to orient students toward good
practices that could help them to succeed academically while reducing the tendencies of negative
peer influences. The study also recommended continuous training for lecturers, faculty officers,
and staff of the university to intentionally provide care and attention to the students to build a
culture of trust necessary for engagement. Similarly, students should be encouraged to discuss
their academic progress with their course advisors at least once in every semester.
Eastern Network, L (2021). Influence Of Student Engagement On Academic Performance In Higher Education In Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-student-engagement-on-academic-performance-in-higher-education-in-ghana
Library, Eastern Network. "Influence Of Student Engagement On Academic Performance In Higher Education In Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-student-engagement-on-academic-performance-in-higher-education-in-ghana . Accessed 11 Apr. 2021.
Library, Eastern Network. "Influence Of Student Engagement On Academic Performance In Higher Education In Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 11 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-student-engagement-on-academic-performance-in-higher-education-in-ghana >.
Library, Eastern Network. "Influence Of Student Engagement On Academic Performance In Higher Education In Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 11, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/influence-of-student-engagement-on-academic-performance-in-higher-education-in-ghana