Insect pollination and pollinator supplementation enhances fruit weight, quality, and marketability of avocado (Persea americana)

Abstract:

Avocado is a pollinator-dependent crop rich in fiber, monounsaturated oils, vitamins, and minerals, which is seeing an increase in global demand. While some studies have shown that insect pollination improves avocado fruit set, the effects of pollinators on fruit quality and the nutritional profile remain unclear. Furthermore, it remains untested whether a potential pollination deficit can be compensated by the supplementation of farms with extra pollinators. We quantified the contribution of insect pollination on fruit and seed weight, and oil, protein, carbohydrate, and phytochemical (flavonoid and phenolics) contents, and assessed if the supplementation of pollinators on farms can improve fruit parameters. The experiment was conducted in 36 smallholder avocado farms of which 18 farms were supplemented with two Apis mellifera bee hives, while 18 were used as controls. Four manipulative pollination treatments were conducted: hand, open, self- and wind pollination. We observed that avocado fruit weight was significantly higher (213.7 g) for insect pollinated flowers than in case of wind- (107.8 g) or self-pollination (95.1 g). Insect pollination resulted in heavier seeds (29.5 g) as well as higher oil contents, clearly showing that insect pollination was required to reach a high seed yield and quantity of oil. Honey bee supplementation on farms enhanced the avocado fruit weight by 18%, and increased avocado oil content by 3.6%. As the marketability of avocado directly depends on fruit size and oil content, a sustainable management of bee communities may be of key importance for the long-term profitability of avocado agriculture.
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APA

Sagwe, R (2024). Insect pollination and pollinator supplementation enhances fruit weight, quality, and marketability of avocado (Persea americana). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/insect-pollination-and-pollinator-supplementation-enhances-fruit-weight-quality-and-marketability-of-avocado-persea-americana

MLA 8th

Sagwe, Rose "Insect pollination and pollinator supplementation enhances fruit weight, quality, and marketability of avocado (Persea americana)" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/insect-pollination-and-pollinator-supplementation-enhances-fruit-weight-quality-and-marketability-of-avocado-persea-americana. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Sagwe, Rose . "Insect pollination and pollinator supplementation enhances fruit weight, quality, and marketability of avocado (Persea americana)". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/insect-pollination-and-pollinator-supplementation-enhances-fruit-weight-quality-and-marketability-of-avocado-persea-americana >.

Chicago

Sagwe, Rose . "Insect pollination and pollinator supplementation enhances fruit weight, quality, and marketability of avocado (Persea americana)" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/insect-pollination-and-pollinator-supplementation-enhances-fruit-weight-quality-and-marketability-of-avocado-persea-americana