Insights into the Evolutionary Origin of Mediterranean Sandfly Fever Viruses

Abstract:

Sandfly-transmitted phleboviruses (family Phenuiviridae, order Bunyavirales) are associated with febrile illness and infections of the nervous system in humans. These viruses are almost exclusively found in tropical areas of the New World and restricted to semiarid and temperate zones in the Old World. Here, we discovered seven strains of four previously unknown phleboviruses, named Bogoria virus (BOGV), Embossos virus (EMRV), Kiborgoch virus (KBGV), and Perkerra virus (PERV), as well as the recently discovered Ntepes virus, in sandflies collected in the Kenyan Rift Valley. The genomes have a tripartite organization with conserved termini typical of phleboviruses. LOBV, PERV, and EMBV showed low similarity to known phleboviruses, with less than 55% pairwise amino acid identities in the RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RdRp) proteins, and defined a highly diversified monophyletic clade in sister relationship to the sandfly fever Sicilian serocomplex. All three viruses failed to react with sandfly fever Sicilian virus antisera in recombinant immunofluorescence assays (rIFA), suggesting that the viruses belong to a yet-unknown serogroup. In contrast, KBGV was closely related to Toscana virus (84% identity of RdRp proteins) and shared a most recent common ancestor with the clade comprising sandfly fever Naples and Toscana viruses. KBGV reacted with sandfly fever Naples and Toscana virus antisera in rIFA. The genetic diversity of the detected viruses and their phylogenetic positions implies that the Old World sandfly-borne phleboviruses originated from sub-Saharan Africa. Importantly, our findings suggest that diseases associated with sandfly-borne phlebovirus infections may also affect the Kenyan population.
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APA

M, M (2024). Insights into the Evolutionary Origin of Mediterranean Sandfly Fever Viruses. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/insights-into-the-evolutionary-origin-of-mediterranean-sandfly-fever-viruses

MLA 8th

M, Marklewitz "Insights into the Evolutionary Origin of Mediterranean Sandfly Fever Viruses" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/insights-into-the-evolutionary-origin-of-mediterranean-sandfly-fever-viruses. Accessed 24 May. 2024.

MLA7

M, Marklewitz . "Insights into the Evolutionary Origin of Mediterranean Sandfly Fever Viruses". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 24 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/insights-into-the-evolutionary-origin-of-mediterranean-sandfly-fever-viruses >.

Chicago

M, Marklewitz . "Insights into the Evolutionary Origin of Mediterranean Sandfly Fever Viruses" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 24, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/insights-into-the-evolutionary-origin-of-mediterranean-sandfly-fever-viruses