Interactions between the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ICIPE 20 and the Endoparasitoid Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris, and Implications for Combined Biocontrol of Tuta absolu

Abstract:

The Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach have been widely promoted and used for the management of native and invasive pests, while the use of various components of the IPM can have a synergetic, additive, or antagonistic effect on each other; this study evaluated the susceptibility of Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris (Marsh) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), to the Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) ICIPE 20 through direct and indirect infection approaches. The effect of fungus on parasitoid longevity, survival of parasitized-larvae, preference of the parasitoid to fungal treated and untreated larvae, and percent parasitism of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) under different infection scenarios were assessed. The direct application of dry conidia to the parasitoid prior to exposure to the host, reduced D. gelechiidivoris longevity, though the infected female wasps still yielded high parasitism (over 70%). Infecting the parasitized larvae at different ages led to a respective reduction of parasitoid emergence by 35% and 23% for infection at 1 and 5 days post-parasitisation. Exposure of healthy-D. gelechiidivoris adults to a plant-sprayed with fungus did not affect their longevity, and no discriminatory host selection was observed. The highest mortality (~80%) of T. absoluta was achieved when D. gelechiidivoris and M. anisopliae ICIPE 20 were used in combination, indicating an additive impact on the target pest; however, field validation can shed more light on this outcome
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APA

Sambo, S (2024). Interactions between the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ICIPE 20 and the Endoparasitoid Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris, and Implications for Combined Biocontrol of Tuta absolu. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/interactions-between-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-metarhizium-anisopliae-icipe-20-and-the-endoparasitoid-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-implications-for-combined-biocontrol-of-tuta-absolut

MLA 8th

Sambo, Sahadatou "Interactions between the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ICIPE 20 and the Endoparasitoid Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris, and Implications for Combined Biocontrol of Tuta absolu" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/interactions-between-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-metarhizium-anisopliae-icipe-20-and-the-endoparasitoid-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-implications-for-combined-biocontrol-of-tuta-absolut. Accessed 24 May. 2024.

MLA7

Sambo, Sahadatou . "Interactions between the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ICIPE 20 and the Endoparasitoid Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris, and Implications for Combined Biocontrol of Tuta absolu". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 24 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/interactions-between-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-metarhizium-anisopliae-icipe-20-and-the-endoparasitoid-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-implications-for-combined-biocontrol-of-tuta-absolut >.

Chicago

Sambo, Sahadatou . "Interactions between the Entomopathogenic Fungus Metarhizium anisopliae ICIPE 20 and the Endoparasitoid Dolichogenidea gelechiidivoris, and Implications for Combined Biocontrol of Tuta absolu" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 24, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/interactions-between-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-metarhizium-anisopliae-icipe-20-and-the-endoparasitoid-dolichogenidea-gelechiidivoris-and-implications-for-combined-biocontrol-of-tuta-absolut