Investigation into the weathering layer using up-hole method of seismic refraction.

Henry Ohaegbuchu 14 PAGES (2853 WORDS) Article
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This paper is aimed at using up-hole method of seismic refraction survey to investigate the thickness of

the weathering layer as well as the velocity of seismic waves through the layer. The first events to arrive

at the geophones on a refraction profile had travelled by refraction along the top of the high speed zone

just below the weathering layer. Using the time- offset curves of the first arrivals for shots from different

charge depths; the thickness of the weathering layer was calculated by conventional seismic refraction

methods. Such a survey was carried out using a TD500 top drive drilling machine mounted on a 6 × 6 m

truck. The depth of the weathering layer as well as the velocities of seismic waves in the weathering

layer and the refractor, were calculated from critically refracted arrivals using flat layer models. Using

the time-intercept method for interpretation, the thickness of the low velocity weathering layer in the

area varied from 15 to 20 m with a regional average of 18.15 m. The p-wave velocity in the uppermost

layer varied from 1385 to 800 m/s with an average value of 1092 m/s. This is a direct experimental proof

of low velocity zone confirming the weathered nature of the area.

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APA

Henry, O (2018). Investigation into the weathering layer using up-hole method of seismic refraction.. Afribary.com: Retrieved December 11, 2018, from https://afribary.com/works/investigation-into-the-weathering-layer-using-up-hole-method-of-seismic-refraction

MLA 8th

Ohaegbuchu, Henry. "Investigation into the weathering layer using up-hole method of seismic refraction." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 28 Nov. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/investigation-into-the-weathering-layer-using-up-hole-method-of-seismic-refraction . Accessed 11 Dec. 2018.

MLA7

Ohaegbuchu, Henry. "Investigation into the weathering layer using up-hole method of seismic refraction.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 28 Nov. 2018. Web. 11 Dec. 2018. < https://afribary.com/works/investigation-into-the-weathering-layer-using-up-hole-method-of-seismic-refraction >.

Chicago

Ohaegbuchu, Henry. "Investigation into the weathering layer using up-hole method of seismic refraction." Afribary.com (2018). Accessed December 11, 2018. https://afribary.com/works/investigation-into-the-weathering-layer-using-up-hole-method-of-seismic-refraction