Research Papers/Topics in Applied Geophysics

Investigation into the weathering layer using up-hole method of seismic refraction.

This paper is aimed at using up-hole method of seismic refraction survey to investigate the thickness ofthe weathering layer as well as the velocity of seismic waves through the layer. The first events to arriveat the geophones on a refraction profile had travelled by refraction along the top of the high speed zonejust below the weathering layer. Using the time- offset curves of the first arrivals for shots from differentcharge depths; the thickness of the weathering layer was calculated by c...

Integration of Aeromagnetic Data and Landsat Imagery for Structural Analysis: A Case Study of Awgu in Enugu State, South-Eastern, Nigeria.

In this study, digital format data comprising of aeromagnetic and remotely sensed (Landsat ETM+7) data were used for structural interpretation of the Awgu area in Enugu State, southeastern part of Nigeria, predominantly underlain by sedimentary rocks. Aeromagnetic data were analyzed using the Oasis Montaj 7.5 software and interpretation was carried out using the vertical and horizontal gradients, analytical signal, reduction to pole, tilt depth as well as Euler deconvolution. The total magnet...

Integration of Aeromagnetic and Landsat Data in the Analysis of Dump Site (Landfill) in Owerri, Imo State.

Magnetic study over South Eastern Nigeria was performed as part of a multi-technique geophysical investigation. Various magnetic data enhancement procedures such as, qualitative (second vertical derivative, total horizontal derivative, analytic signal, theta map, tilt derivative, total horizontal derivative of tilt derivative and horizontal tilt angle) and quantitative (Werner and Euler deconvolutions)  interpretation techniques were employed to determine their e...

Determination of subsurface rock properties from AVO analysis in Konga oil field of the Niger Delta, Southeastern Nigeria.

Amplitude variation with offset (AVO) analysis was carried out on Konga oil field, an onshore oil field in the Niger Delta, Southeastern Nigeria. The study consisted of forward modeling from rock parameters measured from well logs and AVO analysis of events on pre-stack time migrated 3D seismic gathers. Forward modeling predicted specific AVO behaviour of anomalous reservoir sands in the field. Density, compressional and shear wave velocity logs, combin...

Evaluation of Waste Landfill Using 2-D Resistivity Imaging. ( A Case Study Of Iguomo Dumpsite) Edo State, Nigeria

AbstractMunicipal solid waste disposal sites can be sources of groundwater contamination and the contamination problems are more likely to occur in humid areas, where the moisture available exceeds the ability of the waste pile absorb water. 2-D resistivity imaging has frequently been used in the subsurface pollution studies. The method maps the distribution of resistivity of subsurface materials. The 2-D resistivity image provides general information on subsurface stratification of buried wa...

QUALITATIVE PETROPHYSICAL ANALYSIS OF WELL LOG DATA FROM WABI FIELD_By Popoola, Oladotun, 2015

                                                                          ABSTRACT Qualitative Petrophysical Analysis of Wabi 10 well, located in the Wabi Oil Field in the Niger Delta was carried out. The wire-line log comprising of gamma rays, resistivity and neutron – density logs provided by Total Exploration and Production Nigeria Limited (TEPNL) was used. The properties considered include Lithofacies, the Permeable and Impermeable beds with thei...

Development of a Geo-electrical Database Management System (GDBMS) for Geoscientist Application.

In the field of geosciences, large sum of data are always  acquired, processed and interpreted for different geographic locations, but only few of the data are well managed, such that, they can be useful for subsequent geoscience related surveys carried out in the same geographical locations. This is a challenge in the geoscience field, and it would be beneficial to the field when this challenge is resolved and it becomes a utilisable concept. It is in this regard tha...

Geoelectrical Investigation of Soils as Foundation Materials in Umudike Area, Southeast Nigeria

Geoelectrical  investigation  of  soils  in  Umudike  area  of  Abia  State  was  undertaken  in  order  to determine  the  competence  of  the  soils  as  foundation  materials.  A  total  of  18  Vertical  Electrical Sounding (VES), using Schlumberger configuration was carried out.  The results revealed three to six distinct geoelectric sequences w...

Establishment of Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM) Calibration Base

Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM) equipment is calibrated on a base to determine  instrument constants and errors. A series of measurements on a base can also be used to check  the performance and reliability of the instrument over time and to assess its precision against  the manufacturer's specifications. This research work, the establishment of Electromagnetic  Distance Measurement (EDM) calibration base entails the setting up of a functional base where  calibration of e...

Preliminary structural evaluation of an X-Field Onshore in Niger Delta using 3D seismic data

A structural evaluation of a post stack time migrated (PSTM) 3D seismic data over an X–Field in the eastern Niger Delta has been attempted. The objective of the study is to structurally evaluate the field with a view to identifying structural features such as faults, map geologic horizons and analyze reflection characteristics that might be a good lead to probable hydrocarbon accumulations. Results revealed that six growth faults (F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, and F6) and three seismic horizons (HI, ...

GRAVITY METHOD IN GEOPHYSICAL PROSPECTING

Lateral density changes in the subsurface cause a change in the force of gravity at the surface. The intensity of the force of gravity due to a buried mass difference (concentration or void) is superimposed on the larger force of gravity due to the total mass of the earth. Thus, two components of gravity forces are measured at the Earth's surface: first, a general and relatively uniform component due to the total earth, and second, a component of much smaller size that varies due to lat...

Evaluation of Reservoir’s Petrophysical Parameters, Niger Delta, Nigeria

Petrophysical analysis was performed in two wells in the Niger Delta Region, Nigeria. This study is aimed at making available petro-physical data, basically water saturation calculation using cementation values of 2.0 for the reservoir formations of two wells in the Niger delta basin. A suite of geophysical open hole logs namely Gamma ray; Resistivity, Sonic, Caliper and Density were used to determine petrophysical parameters. The parameters determined are; volume of shale, porosity, water sa...

Regional Geoelectrical Survey Across Some Parts of Anambra and Niger Delta Basins, South-Eastern Nigeria.

A regional geoelectrical study was embarked upon covering some major towns within the Niger Delta and Anambra basin. Some of the towns include; Owerri, Umuahia, Ohafia, Aba, Umuosu, Ngwa, Mbaise, Okigwe, Lekwesi, etc. About 100 Vertical Electrical Sounding points were established along two long profiles running perpendicularly to each other at North-South and East-West directions covering a distance of about 110km in each traverse. The maximum electrode spread was 500metres, AB/2. The schlumb...

Application of Very Low Frequency- Electromagnetic (VLF-EM) Method to Map Fractures/Conductive Zones in Auchi South western Nigeria.

Geophysical survey involving very low frequency electromagnetic technique was applied to investigate possible geologic features like fractured / conductive zones in Auchi and its environs in Edo state, Southwestern Nigeria. The study area is located within latitudes 7o05’ N.to 7o10’N. and longitudes 6o11’E to 6o22’E The geologic Formations outcroping in the area are mainly Ajali and Nsukka. Three profiles were taken along the roads from Auchi to Igara, Auchi to Fugar and Auchi to Ulok...

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