ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM STORED PAP (OGI)

Anonymous User 56 PAGES (8782 WORDS) Project
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ABSTRACT

The microbial changes which took place during the steeping and storage of pan (ogi) was studied.  The steeped water had an initial PH of 6.8 which latter reduced to 4.9 at the end of steeping.  The bacterial  number for the steeped water ranged from 4.7x104  to 3.2 x 107 cfu/ml while the fungal number ranged from 1.5 x103 to 5.7 x 106 cfu/ml.  In the stored pap, pap I had higher count which range from 7.2x104 to 6.0x107 cfu/g while 6.0x107 to 1.6x1011. The fungal count for pap I and II ranged from 8.2 x 105 to 2.5x1012 and 8.2x106 to 3.6x1010 respectively. The bacteria isolated from stee pingwere Lactabacillus species Bacillus specie,  Corynebacterium,  streptococcus specie and clostridium species.  The fungi were Aspergillus species fusrarium specie, pencillium specie sachanomyces specie and candida specie.  The bacteria spp isolated from stored pap were lactobacillus species, streptococcus specie  Eubacterium specie,  Pseudomonas specie, Baccillus specie, streptococcus specie, Lactobacillus specie, Leucomostoc specie for pap I and II respectively.  The fungi isolated were Aspergillus specie, Pensillum specie, fusarium specie, sacharomyces specie, candida specie, Debaryomyces specie for pap I and II respectively. The pap stored without changing water developed an off flavour after 48 hours and is not fit for consumption.  On the other hand, the pap stored while changing water is fit and better for consumption. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
List of tables
List of figures
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1  Background of the study
1.2  Statement of problem
1.3  Aim and objectives of the study
1.4  Hypothesis
1.5  Justification of the study
1.6  Significance of study
1.7  Limitation of the study

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE
2.1  Origin of maize pad
2.2  Structure of maize grain
2.3  Chemical composition of maize grain
2.4  Uses of maize pap
2.5  Chemical changes in stored pap (ogi)
2.6  Nutrition changes in stored pap
2.7  Microorganisms associated with stored pap

CHAPTER THREE
MATERIALS AND METHOD
3.1  Collection of sample
3.2  Materials and equipments used
3.3  Media and reagents used
3.4  Preparation of pap (ogi)
3.5  Quantitative analysis of microorganisms
3.5.1Serial dilution
3.5.2Culturing technique
3.6  Isolation of bactria
3.7  Characterization of isolate
3.8  Biochemical test for identification of microorganisms
3.9  Identification of fungi

CHAPTER FOUR
RESULT AND DISCUSSION

CHAPTER FIVE
5.1  Conclusion
5.2  Recommendation
     References
     Appendix

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APA

Anonymous, U (2018). ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM STORED PAP (OGI). Afribary.com: Retrieved December 06, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/isolation-and-characterization-of-microorganisms-from-stored-pap-ogi

MLA 8th

User, Anonymous. "ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM STORED PAP (OGI)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 03 Feb. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/isolation-and-characterization-of-microorganisms-from-stored-pap-ogi . Accessed 06 Dec. 2019.

MLA7

User, Anonymous. "ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM STORED PAP (OGI)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 03 Feb. 2018. Web. 06 Dec. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/isolation-and-characterization-of-microorganisms-from-stored-pap-ogi >.

Chicago

User, Anonymous. "ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM STORED PAP (OGI)" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed December 06, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/isolation-and-characterization-of-microorganisms-from-stored-pap-ogi