Research Papers/Topics in Microbiology

NoSql data collection on comparative analysis of Archaea economic importance and other domain of life

verviewStatsCommentsCitationsReferences (29)Related research (10+)AbstractEnvironmental investigations show that the Archaea are diverse and abundant not only in extreme environments, but also in soil, oceans and freshwater, where they may exhbit a key function in the biogeochemical cycles of the planet. Archaea display unique capacities, such as methanogenesis and survival at temperatures higher than 90 °C that make them crucial for understanding the nature of the biota of early E...

Antimicrobial activities of selected plants (bitterleaf, utazi, and bitterkola leaf)extracts against fish pathogenic bacteria

Aquaculture has been a growing activity for the last 20 years worldwide and this impressive development has been attended by some practices potentially damaging to animal health. The bacterial infections are considered the major cause of mortality in aquaculture. Among the common fish pathogens, A. hydrophila and Y. ruckeri as gram-negative and S. agalactiae, L. garvieae and E. faecalis as grampositive bacteria cause infectious diseases.

The antibacterial producing properties of Actinomycetes

ABSTRACTThe antibacterial producing properties of Actinomycetes were carried out using soil samples collected from different locations at Osun State University, Osogbo, main campus. The soil samples were collected from twelve (12) diffeferent locations within the study site. The samples were cultured aseptically by inoculating each samples on Starch Casein agar and incubated at 30oC. Identification and characterization were carried out by morphology, microscopic and biochemical tests. The pro...

Hepatitis B Surface Antigen among pregnant women

AbstractIntroductionMaterial and MethodsResultDiscussionReference

NOVEL CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC TARGETS FOR THE CONTROL OF SCHISTOSOMIASIS

ABSTRACT      Schistosomiasis is a water-borne parasitic disease caused by schistosomes and transmitted by fully aquatic or amphibious freshwater snails in whose bodies the human-infective larvae, cercariae, develop. Adult schistosome worms colonise human blood vessels for years, successfully evading the immune system while excreting hundreds to thousands of eggs daily, which must either leave the body in excreta and/or urine or become trapped in nearby tissues. Trapped eggs ...

A review on selection of fermentative microorganisms for functional foods and beverages: the production and future perspectives

Fermentation has been employed as a traditional means of improving the shelf life and nutritional contents of foods, thus making fermented foods and beverages functional and therapeutic. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) plays a major role in determining the health benefits of fermented milk and related products. This review takes into cognizance numerous investigations reporting certain microbial strains and mixes to contribute safety, quality, stability, health and organoleptic properties to ferme...

MICROBIAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT OF LOCALLY PRODUCED KUNU SOLD AT TANKE AREA OF ILORIN METROPOLIS

Nine samples of freshly prepared kunu was taken from local vendors and hawkers at Tanke area, Ilorin, Kara State and analyzed for microbial quality. The pH of the samples ranged from 2.66 to 4.06. The total bacterial count ranged from 1.5×104 to 7.4×104 cfu/ml; the total coliform count ranged from 1.0x102 to 8.0x103cfu/ml; the faecal coliform count ranged from 0 to 3.0x103cfu/ml; the total fungi count ranged from 3.2x104 to 2.7x105cfu/ml. The presence of high microbial load was an indicatio...

Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases

  ABSTRACTThe basic idea of healthcare facilities which is to make people well is on the verge of being defeated as a result of patients contracting infections while in healthcare settings. Nosocomial infections are infections acquired by patients or healthcare workers while they are in healthcare facilities, including, hospitals, dental offices, nursing homes and doctors’ waiting rooms. Infectious diseases are diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, par...

Microbial Analysis and Proximate Composition of Boiled and Fried Local Cheese (WARA)

Fried cheese locally called Wara gets spoiled when attacked by pathogenic bacteria, as a result of poor hygiene practice by the producer and handlers. Wara samples were bought in Ilesha at Atakumosa market square Osun-state. This research was designed to isolate and enumerate microorganisms using standard microbial methods, proximate composition and the nutritional composition of boiled local and fried cheese (wara). Proximate analysis was carried out to determine nutritional composit...

Evaluation of an improved inoculation technology using Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 on peat and charcoal for the cultivation of soy bean plant

Nutrient paucity in the soil poses challenge to global production of food. The use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers to boost crop yield is a recurrent farming practice, despite their unfavourable effects and hazard to the environment and human population. This study was aimed at developing an environmental friendly, low cost inoculation technology for the cultivation of soybeans. Laboratory approach was used in the production of the biofertilizer, which started with biochemical characterizat...

ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY OF Bacillus spp RECOVERED FROM THE HANDS OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, ILE-IFE.

ABSTRACTThe human hands harbour microorganisms both as part of a person’s normal microbial flora as well as transient microbes acquired from the environment. This study was carried out to isolate and identify Bacillus spp that are associated with the hands of apparently healthy female undergraduate students in Obafemi Awolowo University. The samples were collected using sterile swab sticks dampened into sterile 0.85% normal saline and processed immediately in the laboratory. The isolates we...

Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial Effect of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) Leaves Extract on Some Bacteria Isolated from Spoilt Nunu Milk.

ABSTRACTThis study was carried to with the aim of determining the antibacterial effect of Calotropis procera against some bacteria isolated spoilt nunu. Bacteria isolated from spoilt nunu were identified based on their Gram characteristics, morphology and biochemical characteristics. Calotropis procera was extracted using ethanol, methanol and distilled water. The ethanol and methanol extracts showed the presence of Saponins, Steroids, Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Tannins, Alkaloids, and Cardiac g...

ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae

Background: Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins among Enterobacteriaceae has been reported yetthey serve as the last line treatment for severe infections in Uganda and other countries. This resistance often leadsto nosocomial infection outbreaks and therapeutic failures from multidrug resistant bacteria. The main objective ofthis study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceaein clinical samples of patients in various wa...

ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF Emericella nidulans AGAINST SELECTED PATHOGENS

ABSTRACT Endophytic microorganisms have proven to be potential sources of antimicrobials against recalcitrant pathogens. Extracts of an endophytic fungus, Emericella nidulans  exhibited antibacterial  activity  against  selected  pathogens.  Emericella  nidulans  was  cultivated  in broth and fermented at 28 ± 2°C for 7days and 21 days to obtain bioactive components. Solvents extraction of bioactive compounds from Emericella nidulans in the ...

ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF Aeromonas spp FROM POND WATER AND FISHES IN ILE-IFE OSUN STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to isolate, characterize and investigate the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Aeromonas species isolated from pond water and fish samples at Sabo and Iloro pond sites in Ile-Ife, Osun State. Physicochemical parameters of the water samples such as pH, temperature, total dissolved solid (TDS), dissolved oxygen (DO) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) were determined using standard methods. Aeromonas species was isolated by the spread plate technique for bo...

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