Research Papers/Topics in Microbiology

Nutritional Properties and AntiMicrobial Activities of Root and Seed of Moringa Oleifera Against Some Clinical Isolates

ABSTRACT The roots and seeds of Moringa oleifera were analysed for their nutritional, antinutritional and antimicrobial activities on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus mirabilis, Streptococcus fecalis, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans. Quantitative phytochemical analysis showed the presence of 0.57% and 1.17% oxalates, 4.02% and 2.66% phytic acid, 1.92% and 3.99% alkaloid, 65.47 mg/100 g and 109.12 mg/100 g tanins for the...

Studies on the Nutritional quality, anti-nutritional factors, amino acid profile and functional properties of co-fermented wheat/cowpea

ABSTRACTNigeria was ranked 14th in global assessment of under-five mortality rate due to infants poor nutrition. (The Punch 2011) The Wheat, genus Triticum, tribe,Triticeae family, is limiting in lysine but has adequate amount of sulphur-containing amino acids (Adeyeye & Aye 2005).The cultivation of Triticum durum yields well in Nigeria. It is mainly consumed by adults who eatit in bread and other pastries (The Compass 2011).There have been cases of hypersensitive response to wheat gluten cau...

Physicochemical and Phytochemical Analysis of Honey and Shea Butter Samples and Their Antibacterial Effect on Staphylococcus aureus AND Klebsiella pneumoniae

ABSTRACT This research work was carried out to examine the physicochemical and phytochemical constituents of honey and Shea butter samples respectively and their antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The physicochemical screening of honey showed that the honey samples used have low water activity, low moisture content, low pH value below 4.0 and Ash while the phytochemical analysis of Shea butter revealed the presence of Saponnins, Tannins, Alkaloid...

ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF THE LEAF EXTRACTS OF Solanecio biafrae AGAINST SOME SELECTED CLINICAL ISOLATES

An average Nigerian household consumes vegetables of various kinds but are ignorant of their antibacterial properties and other benefits. There is also an increase in the prevalence of multidrug resistant strains of bacteria which has raised the spectra of untreatable bacterial infections. This challenge has requested for urgency to search for new infection-fighting strategies. This study therefore investigated the antibacterial activities of the ethanolic and acetonic leaf extracts of ...

The aftermath of COVID-19 pandemic in the Nigerian Society

The world economy has been crippled by a novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) which also put over 210 countries of the world in the map of epidemiology, in this case, our country Nigeria and Ekiti State as well is not left behind.As all schools are forced to close to curb the spread of this virus, students are at home, saving the world, trying and putting things in places.Executive of Social Sciences Students' Association (SOSSA), Ekiti State University chapter duly led by Hon. Comr. Aba...

Biostimulatory Effect of Processed Sewage Sludge in the Bioremediation of Herbicide Polluted Soil

IntroductionCleanup   of   herbicide   contaminated   soils   has   been   a   dire   environmental concern since the advent of industrial era (Ramdas and Gerald, 2011). The rapid increase in population worldwide has resulted in the need for greater fuel demand and   development   of   industrial   chemicals,   fertilizers,   pesticides   and pharmaceuticals to sustain and improve quality of li...

The Efficacy of Disinfectants on Candida albicans at Different Concentrations and Contact Times

ABSTRACT The upsurge of Candida albicans as the fourth most common causative agent of nosocomial infections necessitated the evaluation of a range of disinfectants for their efficacy against this organism. This project work was designed to basically determine the anti-Candida efficacy of three commonly used, commercially available disinfectants, namely Savlon, Septol, and Izal, using suspension test technique. The test organism was challenged with various concentrations (25%, 50%, 7...

Bactericidal Activities of Hibiscus Sabdarifa Leave Extract against enteric human pathogens

Microbiological  tests  revealed  that  Hibiscus  sabdariffa  plant  extract  has  antibacterial properties  thus  verifying  folklore  medicine  in  the  treatment  of  abscesses,  bilious  conditions, cough,  dysuria  and  scurvy  (Morton,  1987;  Perry,  1980  Ross,  2003).  The  extraction  type  of aqueous  generally  had  the  same  potency  with  cold  extracts  having  a  slightly  better antimicrobial  activity  than  hot  aqueous  ex...

Characterising Growth Behaviour of Yeast Strains Isolated from Mango Fruit in Carbon, Nitrogen and Stress Environments

ABSTRACTThe present experiment aims at investigating the growth behaviour of different yeast strains inselected carbon, nitrogen and stress environment to obtain strains with prospects for industrialapplication.   Specifically,   the   study   is   set   to:   isolate   yeast   from   decaying   mango   fruit   anddetermine growth performance of yeast strains in different environments, carbon, nitrogen andstressors. The procedure adopted in the study uses different y...

Bacterial Bioluminescence - A General overview

Bioluminescence is the process by which certain living organisms produce light through a seriesof enzymatically   catalyzed  biochemical reactions  (Brodl  et al., 2018). Any organism   that iscapable of exhibiting or carrying out bioluminescence is termed a  bioluminescent organism.Bioluminescence is a phenomenon that has been found in almost all branches of the evolutionarytree   (Tyulkova  et   al.,   2009),  &...

ANTIBACTERIAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF STEM BARK EXTRACT OF Mangifera indica (Linnaeus)

ABSTRACTIn African folk medicine, water infusion of Mangifera indica stem bark are highly valued in thelocal treatment of malaria fever, diarrohea, diabetes mellitus and liver diseases. Various part ofthis   plant   can  also  be   used   in  treatment   of   toothache,  dysentery,  anemia,   hypertension   andinsomnia in different parts of the world. This study was described to determine ...

Intravenous Ascorbic Acid (IVAA) for COVID-19 Supportive Treatment in Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients (Based on use in China and US settings)

Abstract: Intravenous ascorbic acid (IVAA) is a well-known intervention in medicine, which currently is rarely used in US hospitals. Due to the unusual and extreme clinical demands of hospitalized COVID-19 patients,IVAA has been implemented in Chinese hospitals, and data published by the “Expert Group on Clinical Treatment of New Corona Virus Disease in Shanghai” (direct translation) details the use of IVAA as safe and effective adjunctive care of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. In th...

INCIDENCE AND PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C AMONG OUTPATIENTS IN SOME SELECTED HOSPITALS

ABSTRACTHepatitis C virus (HCV) is a meticulous factor of liver disease and one of the most important health issues worldwide. Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver produced by autoimmune disease, alcohol or drug abuse, genetic disorder or microbial infection. To detect the presence; prevalence; incidence; and the relationship between the different risk factors of hepatitis C among patients in Ilorin. This study reports on the occurrence of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) antibodies among ...

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT SUBSTRATES ON THE PHENOTYPE, NUTRITIONAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF PLEUROTUS PULMONARIUS

                                                                              ABSTRACTMushroom has been an important food to man for millennia. Several species of Pleurotus has been cultivated successfully on different substrates including Palm bunch, Saw dust and Corn cob. Pleurotus pulmonarius has a...


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