Research Papers/Topics in Microbiology

Nosocomial Infections as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases

  ABSTRACTThe basic idea of healthcare facilities which is to make people well is on the verge of being defeated as a result of patients contracting infections while in healthcare settings. Nosocomial infections are infections acquired by patients or healthcare workers while they are in healthcare facilities, including, hospitals, dental offices, nursing homes and doctors’ waiting rooms. Infectious diseases are diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, par...

Microbial Analysis and Proximate Composition of Boiled and Fried Local Cheese (WARA)

Fried cheese locally called Wara gets spoiled when attacked by pathogenic bacteria, as a result of poor hygiene practice by the producer and handlers. Wara samples were bought in Ilesha at Atakumosa market square Osun-state. This research was designed to isolate and enumerate microorganisms using standard microbial methods, proximate composition and the nutritional composition of boiled local and fried cheese (wara). Proximate analysis was carried out to determine nutritional composit...

Evaluation of an improved inoculation technology using Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 on peat and charcoal for the cultivation of soy bean plant

Nutrient paucity in the soil poses challenge to global production of food. The use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizers to boost crop yield is a recurrent farming practice, despite their unfavourable effects and hazard to the environment and human population. This study was aimed at developing an environmental friendly, low cost inoculation technology for the cultivation of soybeans. Laboratory approach was used in the production of the biofertilizer, which started with biochemical characterizat...

ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION AND ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY OF Bacillus spp RECOVERED FROM THE HANDS OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, ILE-IFE.

ABSTRACTThe human hands harbour microorganisms both as part of a person’s normal microbial flora as well as transient microbes acquired from the environment. This study was carried out to isolate and identify Bacillus spp that are associated with the hands of apparently healthy female undergraduate students in Obafemi Awolowo University. The samples were collected using sterile swab sticks dampened into sterile 0.85% normal saline and processed immediately in the laboratory. The isolates we...

Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial Effect of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) Leaves Extract on Some Bacteria Isolated from Spoilt Nunu Milk.

ABSTRACTThis study was carried to with the aim of determining the antibacterial effect of Calotropis procera against some bacteria isolated spoilt nunu. Bacteria isolated from spoilt nunu were identified based on their Gram characteristics, morphology and biochemical characteristics. Calotropis procera was extracted using ethanol, methanol and distilled water. The ethanol and methanol extracts showed the presence of Saponins, Steroids, Terpenoids, Flavonoids, Tannins, Alkaloids, and Cardiac g...

ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae

Background: Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins among Enterobacteriaceae has been reported yetthey serve as the last line treatment for severe infections in Uganda and other countries. This resistance often leadsto nosocomial infection outbreaks and therapeutic failures from multidrug resistant bacteria. The main objective ofthis study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceaein clinical samples of patients in various wa...

ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF Emericella nidulans AGAINST SELECTED PATHOGENS

ABSTRACT Endophytic microorganisms have proven to be potential sources of antimicrobials against recalcitrant pathogens. Extracts of an endophytic fungus, Emericella nidulans  exhibited antibacterial  activity  against  selected  pathogens.  Emericella  nidulans  was  cultivated  in broth and fermented at 28 ± 2°C for 7days and 21 days to obtain bioactive components. Solvents extraction of bioactive compounds from Emericella nidulans in the ...

ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF Aeromonas spp FROM POND WATER AND FISHES IN ILE-IFE OSUN STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACTThe study was carried out to isolate, characterize and investigate the antibiotic susceptibility pattern of Aeromonas species isolated from pond water and fish samples at Sabo and Iloro pond sites in Ile-Ife, Osun State. Physicochemical parameters of the water samples such as pH, temperature, total dissolved solid (TDS), dissolved oxygen (DO) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) were determined using standard methods. Aeromonas species was isolated by the spread plate technique for bo...

Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine

ABSTRACTForensic microbiology as an evolving field in forensic medicine, is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime through the study of microorganisms in order to determine the path of an outbreak, the identity of a criminal or the origin of a particular strain of biological weapon or contagion (Budowle   et   al.,  2006).   The   involvement   of   microbiology   in   forensic   medicine &nbs...

PREVALENCE OF METHICILLINE RESISTANCE Staphylococcus aureus FROM THE GASTRO ORIGINAL

Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli from the surface of cockroaches found in the university of Lagos

Amylase Production by Solid State Fermentation of Corn (Zea Mays) Stem Using Fusarium and Mucor

Abstract The study aimed at producing amylase from corn stem using Mucor and Fusarium in solid state fermentation. The Fungi used in this study were isolated from the rhizosphere of the corn plant. Solid state technique was adopted for the fermentation process using spore suspension as inoculum. Various fermentation parameters such as  incubation days, addition of salt supplement, substrate concentration, mycelia suspension and temperature were optimized during fermentation with the...

Quorum sensing in rhizobia isolated from various leguminous plants

Quorum sensing of rhizobacteria checked against various chemicals including amino acids, sugar , sugar alcohol , salts .

The Antimicrobial properties and phytochemicals analysis of Basella alba Linn and Talinum trangulaire against some bacteria and fungi

Medicinal plants have provided a source of inspiration for novel drugs compounds since plant derived medicines have made large contributions to human health. The traditional healers make use of water primarily as solvent but extracts of these plants were certainly much better and powerful. This may be due to the better solubility of the active components in organic solvents (Umadevi, 2011).The phytochemical component of the ethanolic extracts of Basella alba leaf revealed the presence of tann...

Health and Medicinal Benefits of Arugula Plant

Arugula is a collective name for a number of species of Brassicaceae with pungent leaves, but principally Eruca satia. Eruca sativa is an edible annual plan growing 20-100cm in height, leaves are deeply pinnately lobed with 4-10 small lateral lobes and commonly known as rocket salad, rucola, rugula, roquette and arugula. It is also an herb vegetable that belong to the Brassicaceae family and a native of central and southern Europe, but have also been spread to Northern America. It is typicall...

Mycotoxins Food Production and Exportation in Nigeria

ABSTRACT Mycotoxins are low-molecular weight secondary metabolites produced by fungi, mostly of the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. They are noncritical to the instantaneous survival of the organism, and mostly affect its long-term survival. Fungal growth is enhanced by the warm, humid atmosphere and organic substrate-rich soil, such as exists in Nigeria, and they massively infect Nigerian plants and livestock. One consequence is reduced agricultural yield, which leads to food shorta...


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