Justice Mechanisms and Resolution of Beledweyne Tribal Conflicts in Somalia

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ABSTRACT 

The study focused on justice mechanisms and resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia. The study objectively sought to; examine analyze the role of local courts and resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia, to appraise the effect of clan meetings and resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia and to exm1ine the mediation and resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia. The study adopted a descriptive design because it gathered data from a sample of a population at a patiicular time and in so doing, pertinent data was collected from all respondents once and for all to reduce on time and costs involved. A sample of 136 respondents was selected. Using, purposive sampling and simple random data was analyzed using the computer softwai•e package called SPSS to generate tables and graphs. The findings of the study were that correlation coefficient 0.864 is strong and showed that policy and legal framework has a significant strong effect on resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia. The study concluded that there was a significant relationship between the effect of clan meeting and resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia since the p-value 0.04 was less than the significance level (0.05) and the correlation coefficient was notably high (0.76) rendering the effect between local comis and resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia to be a strong one. The study recommends that the international community needs to assist in establishing an impartial National Somali Army and Police Force. This is possible through reinstatement of former "clean" Army and Police Force persom1el as well as recruiting and training young people. The leaders need to work on a progressive plai1 aimed at restoring peace, security and stability by involving the clans and their leaders and not just the warlords, especially in disarmament to pacify the process. That the government must face the challenge of reconciling people at all levels of the society including inter and intra clan and sub-clans, factional and political groupings. The government has the responsibility to manage the reconstruction process through national authorities, provincial and local channels as well as security forces. This will call for peaceful environment by establishing a transpai•ent, representational and interactive political structure, to avoid the spectacle of people falling back to clanism and lawlessness.



TABLE OF CONTENT

DECLARATION ............................................................................................................................ ii

APPROVAL .................................................................................................................................. iii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ........................................................................................................... iv

ABSTRACT ................................................................................................................................. viii

CHAPTER ONE ........................................................................................................................... 1

INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................................................... 1

1.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 1

l .2Background to the study ............................................................................................................ 1

1.2 Theoretical perspective ............................................................................................................. 3

1.3 Conceptual perspective ............................................................................................................. 3

1.4 Contextual perspective .............................................................................................................. 4

1.5 Statement of the problem .......................................................................................................... 7

1.5.1 General Objective .................................................................................................................. 7

1.6 Specific Objectives ................................................................................................................... 8

l .7Research questions ..................................................................................................................... 8

1.8 Scope of the Study .................................................................................................................... 8

1.8.1 Content scope: ........................................................................................................................ 8

1.9 Significance of the Study .......................................................................................................... 8

1.10 Conceptual Framework ........................................................................................................... 9

CHAPTER TWO ........................................................................................................................ 11

LITERATURE REVIEW .......................................................................................................... 11

2.0 Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 11

2.1 The role of Local Courts on Conflict Resolution .................................................................... 11

2.2 The effect of clan meetings and conflict resolution ................................................................ 15

2.3 The mediation and conflict resolution .................................................................................... 21

CHAPTER THREE ....... .................................................. ............................. .. 25

METHODOLOGY ..................................................................................................................... 25

3.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 25

3.1 Research design ...................................................................................................................... 25

3 .2 Study Population .................................................•.................................................................... 25

3.3 San1ple size ............................................................................................................................. 26

3.4 San1pling techniques ................................................................. ...................... ........................ 26

3.5 Data collection 1nethods .......................................................................................................... 26

J. 5 .1 Questionnaires .................................................................................................................... .. 26

3.6 Validity of Instruments ........................................................................................................... 27

3. 7 Reliability of Instruments ....................................................................................................... 27

3.8 Dr.ta analysis ........................................................................................................................... 28

3.9 Ethical considerations .......................................................... ................................................... 28

3.10 Data analysis ..................................................................................................... .................... 29

3. 1 i Limitations of the study ............................................................................................. ........... 29

DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION ..................................... 30

4.lintroductio.11 .............................................................................................................................. 30

4.2 Respondents' Background Information .................................................................................. 30

4.3.2 Regression oflocal courts and resolution of Belec!weyne tribal conflicts in Somalia ......... 36 . .

4.5. l The effec~ of mediation on re:,olution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia .............. 4?-

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................................................................ 44

SUMMARY DISCUSSIONS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS ................... 44

5 .1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................ . 44

5.2 Summary of key findings ......................................................................................... ............... 44.

5 .2.1 The role oflocal courts on resolution of Beledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia ................ 44

5.2.3 The effect of mediation on resolution ofBeledweyne tribal conflicts ................................. 46

5.4.1 Role oflocal courts on resolution ofBeledweyne tr·ibal conflicts in Somalia ..................... 46

5.4.2 The effect of clan meetings on resolution ofBeledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia ........ 46

5.3.3 The effect of mediation on resolution ofBeledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia .............. 47

5.5 Recommendations ................................................................................................................... 47

5.5.3 The effect of mediation on resolution ofBeledweyne tribal conflicts in Somalia .............. 48

5.6 Contribution of the study ........................................................................................................ 48

5.7 Areas recommended for further research ................................................................................ 48

REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................. 49

APPENDIX A ............................................................................................................................... 54

questionnaire About The Relationship Between Justice Mechanisms And Resolution Of

Beledweyne Tribal Conflicts In SomaLIA ................................................................................... 54

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APA

Consults, E. & ABDULLAHI, A (2023). Justice Mechanisms and Resolution of Beledweyne Tribal Conflicts in Somalia. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/justice-mechanisms-and-resolution-of-beledweyne-tribal-conflicts-in-somalia

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and ABDULFATAH ABDULLAHI "Justice Mechanisms and Resolution of Beledweyne Tribal Conflicts in Somalia" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Jan. 2023, https://afribary.com/works/justice-mechanisms-and-resolution-of-beledweyne-tribal-conflicts-in-somalia. Accessed 01 Feb. 2023.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and ABDULFATAH ABDULLAHI . "Justice Mechanisms and Resolution of Beledweyne Tribal Conflicts in Somalia". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Jan. 2023. Web. 01 Feb. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/justice-mechanisms-and-resolution-of-beledweyne-tribal-conflicts-in-somalia >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and ABDULLAHI, ABDULFATAH . "Justice Mechanisms and Resolution of Beledweyne Tribal Conflicts in Somalia" Afribary (2023). Accessed February 01, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/justice-mechanisms-and-resolution-of-beledweyne-tribal-conflicts-in-somalia