Knowledge and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection as Perceived by Health Workers in Kaura Local Government Area, Kaduna State

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                     i

Certification                                                                                                ii

Dedication                                                                                                   iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                    iv

Table of contents                                                                                      v

List of tables                                                                                                            viii

List of Figures                                                                                             x         

Abstract                                                                                                        xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION                                                               

1.1      Background of the Study                                                            1

1.2      Statement of the problem.                                                        5

1.3      Objectives of the study                                                               6

1.4      Significance of the study                                                             7

1.5      Scope of Study                                                                                7

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE     

2.1      Introduction                                                                                    8

2.2      Epidemiology                                                                                  9

2.3      Behavioral Factors                                                                        12

2.4      Urinary Catheterization                                                              16

2.5      Pregnancy                                                                                        17

2.6      What are the symptoms of a chronic urinary

            tract infection                                                                                 21

2.7      Effect of urinary tract infection                                                            22

2.8      What are the types of chronic urinary tract infection       24

2.9      Who is at risk for a chronic urinary tract infection                          25

2.10    How is a chronic urinary tract infection diagnosis              26

2.11    What are the complications associated with a

            chronic urinary tract infection                                                  28

2.12    Prevention/control of urinary tract infection                      28

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1      Description of the study area                                                    38      

3.2      Study design                                                                                    40

3.3      Study population                                                                           40

3.4      Sample size determination                                                        40

3.5      Sampling Technique                                                                     41

3.6      Instrument of data collection                                                    42

3.7      Validity of research Instrument                                                            43

3.8      Reliability of research Instrument                                           43

3.9      Procedure for data collection                                                    43

3.10    Method of data analysis                                                             44

3.11    Ethical consideration                                                                   44

CHAPTER FOUR

Presentation of result and data analysis                                           54

 

CHAPTER FIVE                                                                                               

5.1      Discussion of finding                                                             56

5.2      Conclusion                                                                                       57

5.3      Recommendation                                                                          58

            References                                                                                      

            Appendix

            Questionnaire

            Letter of Introduction

            Map

            Picture

 


LIST OF TABLES

Table 1:         Distribution of respondents by age-group                  45

Table 2:         Distribution of respondents by gender                       47

Table 3:         Distribution of respondents by religion                       50

Table 4:       Shows the respondents on Causes of   Urinary

                     Tract infection                                                        51

Table 5:         Shows respondents on Effect of Urinary

                        Tract Infections                                                                   53

Table 6:         Showing respondents on Preventive measures

                         against UTI                                                                          54

 

 


LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 4.1:    Distribution of respondents by age-group                 46

Table 2:         Distribution of respondents by Marital Status          48

Figure 4.3:    Distribution of respondents by professional                                                   qualifications                                                                                 49 

ABSTRACT

          The incidence has been on the increase which gave rise to kidney damage urine retention and infertility.  This researcher to embark on a research study on Knowledge and causes of urinary tract infection as perceived by Health  workers in Kaura Local Government Area of Kaduna  State. Some of the objectives are to To determine the knowledge of urinary tract infection as perceived by Health Worker among women child bearing age in Kaura Local Government Area and to Assess the Knowledge and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection as Perceived by Health Workers among women child bearing age in Kaura Local Government Area. Multistage sampling techniques was used to choose respondents for this study, a self-structured questionnaire used in obtaining data, and data analysis was carried out using statistical Package Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 was used in analyses the data.

Based on the findings research questions, the findings showed that the 310(79.5%) of the respondents strongly agreed that urinary tract infection is a common medical complain among women in their reproductive age, 345(88.5) said that it could be caused by micro-organism, 128 (32.8%) agreed that frequent sexual activities may cause UTI, 245 (62.8) believed that it exposes pregnant women to premature delivery and 309(79) of the respondents agreed that women wiping themselves from front to back can stop bacteria from entering into the anus and vagina, 329 (84.4) supported practice of personal hygiene as UTI preventive measure. In view of the research findings, it is recommended that Sexuality education should be included in secondary school curriculum so that teenage girls could be exposed to causes, effects and prevention of UTI, Mothers should be specially educated on the nature and prevention of UTI,  Advocacies, campaigns and other orientation programmes should be carried out by relevant government and non-government agencies on UTI.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & BENJAMIN, L (2021). Knowledge and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection as Perceived by Health Workers in Kaura Local Government Area, Kaduna State. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-and-causes-of-urinary-tract-infection-as-perceived-by-health-workers-in-kaura-local-government-area-kaduna-state

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and LAAITU BENJAMIN "Knowledge and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection as Perceived by Health Workers in Kaura Local Government Area, Kaduna State" Afribary. Afribary, 16 Dec. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-and-causes-of-urinary-tract-infection-as-perceived-by-health-workers-in-kaura-local-government-area-kaduna-state. Accessed 29 Jun. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and LAAITU BENJAMIN . "Knowledge and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection as Perceived by Health Workers in Kaura Local Government Area, Kaduna State". Afribary, Afribary, 16 Dec. 2021. Web. 29 Jun. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-and-causes-of-urinary-tract-infection-as-perceived-by-health-workers-in-kaura-local-government-area-kaduna-state >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and BENJAMIN, LAAITU . "Knowledge and Causes of Urinary Tract Infection as Perceived by Health Workers in Kaura Local Government Area, Kaduna State" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 29, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/knowledge-and-causes-of-urinary-tract-infection-as-perceived-by-health-workers-in-kaura-local-government-area-kaduna-state