This dissertation explores the livelihood experiences and survival strategies of tro-tro
driver mates in Tema station, Accra. Tro-tro driver mates are teenagers or young men who
assist tro-tro drivers‘ enroute short or long distance travels in mini-buses in Ghana. Many
of them are migrants who are believed to have come from other regions of Ghana and
have come to settle in Accra to find a better life in the city. As migrants, there is the need
to study them to understand the nature of their job, livelihoods experiences and how they
are able to cope with challenges on their job. The main objective of this study is to find out
the livelihood and survival strategies of tro-tro driver mates in Accra.
The fieldwork was carried out at the Tema station in Accra. Purposive sampling was used
to select 50 participants. Data was collected through the use of quantitative and qualitative
research methods that include; Surveys, informal interviews, and observation
The data gathered was discussed and analysed using SPSS and QSR NVivo approach. The
study revealed diverse findings that were interesting and significant.
First, it was revealed that, origin of the tro-tro driver mates are between the ages of 15 to
17 years and mostly of Akan followed by Ewe origin. They have had some level of basic
primary education and work on an average 17 hours a day. The driver mates earn about
GH¢20.00 a day and their main motivation for migrating is ‗to make money‘ to continue
education, learn how to drive to earn a better livelihood or state up a trade. Finally, it was
discovered through the secondary and primary literature(s) that there were significant
differences in income patterns between the kayayei and the tro-tro driver mates but both of
them faced a barrage of verbal abuse from their clients; that is buyers or traders and
BUCKMAN, P (2021). Livelihood And Survival Strategies Of Migrant Transport Apprentices: A Case Study Of ‘Tro-Tro’ Mates In Accra.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/livelihood-and-survival-strategies-of-migrant-transport-apprentices-a-case-study-of-tro-tro-mates-in-accra
BUCKMAN, PATIENCE "Livelihood And Survival Strategies Of Migrant Transport Apprentices: A Case Study Of ‘Tro-Tro’ Mates In Accra." Afribary. Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/livelihood-and-survival-strategies-of-migrant-transport-apprentices-a-case-study-of-tro-tro-mates-in-accra. Accessed 10 Aug. 2022.
BUCKMAN, PATIENCE . "Livelihood And Survival Strategies Of Migrant Transport Apprentices: A Case Study Of ‘Tro-Tro’ Mates In Accra.". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Apr. 2021. Web. 10 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/livelihood-and-survival-strategies-of-migrant-transport-apprentices-a-case-study-of-tro-tro-mates-in-accra >.
BUCKMAN, PATIENCE . "Livelihood And Survival Strategies Of Migrant Transport Apprentices: A Case Study Of ‘Tro-Tro’ Mates In Accra." Afribary (2021). Accessed August 10, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/livelihood-and-survival-strategies-of-migrant-transport-apprentices-a-case-study-of-tro-tro-mates-in-accra