Management Styles and Teachers Citizenship Work Behavior in Selected Secondary Schools in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda

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ABSTRACT 

This study determined the relationship between management styles and teachers’ citizenship work behavior in secondary schools in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda. To achieve this main purpose of the study, four research objectives were set and these included: to determine the management styles in secondary schools in Nyartuguru district; to determine the level of citizenship work behavior in secondary schools in Nyartuguru District; to find out if there is significant difference in: (a) the management styles used in public and private schools (b) the level of teachers’ citizenship work behavior in private and secondary schools; and to establish if there is a significant relationship between the management styles and level of citizenship work behavior in secondary schools. The design that was used in this study was descriptive and correlation research design. The sample size used was 175. Systematic random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select respondents. Self-administered questionnaires were used in this study. Data analysis was done by the use of mean, frequencies and percentage and this was done with the help of SPSS, computer software. The research findings indicated that the level of management styles in secondary schools was generally high (2.61) and democratic management style was the dominant used management style (mean=2.63); followed by the autocratic management style (mean=2.61) and laissez-faire was the least used management style (2.59). The level of citizenship work behavior was generally high (2.60); there is significant difference in the level of management styles among private and public secondary schools (F. ratio of 1.762E and significant value of 0.000); there is significant difference in citizenship work behavior between private and public school (F. ratio of 1.459E3 and significant level of 0.000); a positive correlations were noted between laissez-faire and democratic management styles and citizenship work behavior (r. values of 0.767 and 0.987 and significant values of 0.02 and 0.00 respectively) while no significant relationship between autocratic management style and citizenship work behavior was found at r. value of 0.671 and significant value of 0.62. However, a significant relationship between management styles altogether and citizenship work behavior was noted at at r-square of 0.989; Beta=0.995, at a very small level of significance of 0.000. It was concluded that the effective application of democratic and laissez-faire management styles in a school would lead to higher teachers’ work behavior. It was recommended that the school managements should try to employ mostly democratic and laissez-faire management styles so as to improve teachers’ work behavior.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract

Declaration A

Declaration B Ii

Dedication iv

Acknowledgement v

Table of Contents vi

List of Tables ix

Listof Figure x

Lists of Abbreviations And Acronyms xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Background of the Study 1

1.1.2 Historical Perspective 1

1.1.3 Theoretical Perspective 3

1.1.4 Conceptual Framework 4

1.1.5 Contextual Perspective 5

1.2 Statement of the Problem 5

1.3 Purpose of the Study 6

1.4 Specific Objectives 6

1.5 Research Questions 7

1.6 Research Hypotheses 7

1.7 Scope of the Study 8

1.8 Significance of the Study 9

1.9 Operational Definitions of Key Terms 10

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW ii

2.1 Introduction 11

2.2 Theoretical Review 11

2.3 Conceptual Framework 12

2.4 Related Literature 31

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction 33

3.2 Research Design .33

3.3 Research Population 33

3.4 Sample Size 33

3.5 Sampling Procedures 35

3.6 Research Instrument 35

3.7 Validity and Reliability of Research Instruments 36

3.8 Data Gathering Procedures 37

3.9 Data Analysis 37

3.10 Ethical Consideration 38

3.11 Limitations 39

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF

THE FINDINGS en..

4.1 Introduction 40

4.2 Profile of Respondents 40

4.3 Management Styles Used in Secondary Schools in Nayruguru District 43

4.4 Level of Teachers’ Citizenship Work Behavior in Secondary Schools in Nyaruguru District 47

4.5 Difference in the level of different Management Styles and Teachers’ Citizenship Work Behavior between Public and Private School 50

4.6 Significant Relationship between Management Styles and Teachers’ Citizenship Organizational Work Behavior 52

4.7 Regression Matrix on Management Styles and Citizenship Work Behavior in Secondary Schools 55

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, DISCUSSIONS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 56

5.1 Introduction 56

5.2 Summary of Findings 56

5.3 Conclusions 59

5.4 Recommendations 61

5.6 Areas for Further Studies 61

REFERENCES 62

APPENDICES 65

APPENDIX I: CLEARANCE FROM ETHICS COMMITTEE 65

APPENDIX II: INFORMED CONSENT 66

APPENDIX III: RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS .67

APPENDIX VI: RESEARCH DURATION 70

APPENDIX VII: RESEARCH BUDGET 71

APPENDIX VIII: RESEARCHER’S CURRICULUM VITAE 72

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APA

Consults, E. & BATEGEKA, N (2022). Management Styles and Teachers Citizenship Work Behavior in Selected Secondary Schools in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/management-styles-and-teachers-citizenship-work-behavior-in-selected-secondary-schools-in-nyaruguru-district-rwanda-2

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and NGIRABAKUNZI BATEGEKA "Management Styles and Teachers Citizenship Work Behavior in Selected Secondary Schools in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda" Afribary. Afribary, 15 Nov. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/management-styles-and-teachers-citizenship-work-behavior-in-selected-secondary-schools-in-nyaruguru-district-rwanda-2. Accessed 07 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and NGIRABAKUNZI BATEGEKA . "Management Styles and Teachers Citizenship Work Behavior in Selected Secondary Schools in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda". Afribary, Afribary, 15 Nov. 2022. Web. 07 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/management-styles-and-teachers-citizenship-work-behavior-in-selected-secondary-schools-in-nyaruguru-district-rwanda-2 >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and BATEGEKA, NGIRABAKUNZI . "Management Styles and Teachers Citizenship Work Behavior in Selected Secondary Schools in Nyaruguru District, Rwanda" Afribary (2022). Accessed December 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/management-styles-and-teachers-citizenship-work-behavior-in-selected-secondary-schools-in-nyaruguru-district-rwanda-2