Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle

Abstract 

Rectal swabs were collected from 95, systematic randomly selected, apparently healthy beef cattle, in order to isolate generic enterococci in Nsukka Southeast, Nigeria, and thus to determine the antibacterial resistance profile of the isolates. Isolation of enterococci was done using Slanetz-Bartley enterococci selective medium. Phenotypic characterization of the isolates to generic level was done following standard biochemical methods. Phenotypic resistance of  the  isolates  to  antibacterial  agents  was  determined  using  the  disc  diffusion  method.  From  95  swabs,  93  (97.89%)  were  positive  for enterococci. Of the 93 isolates, 10 (10.75%) were haemolytic Enterococcus species, while 83 (89.25%) were non-haemolytic Enterococcus species. Out of 75 isolates, all (100%) were resistant to cefoxitin, 66 (88%) were resistant to ampicillin, 71 (94%) to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, 68(90.7%) to ceftriaxone, 42 (56%)  to  streptomycin,  74  (98.67%)  to  gentamicin,  16  (21.3%)  to  tetracycline,  5  (6.7%)  to  vancomycin,  62  (82.7%)  to sulphamethoxazole/trimethoprim, and 1 (1.3%) to chloramphenicol and ciprofloxacin. None of the isolate was resistant to imipenem. The enterococcal isolates exhibited 22 resistance patterns. Out of 75 isolates, 1 (1.3%) isolate was resistant to 1 class of antibacterial agents, 9 (12%) were resistant to 2 classes, and 65 (86.7%) to 3 or more classes. This study has shown that cattle slaughtered in Nsukka Southeast Nigeria are potential reservoirs and disseminators of multidrug-resistant enterococci.  


Keywords: antibiogram, enterococci, multidrug resistant, bovine 


Abbreviations: Ampicillin-AMP, Amoxicillin/clavulanic acid-AMC, Streptomycin-STP, Gentamicin-GEN, Cefoxitin-CEF, Ceftriaxone-CTR, Sulfamthoxazole/trimethoprim-SXT

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APA

Ogochukwu, T. & Anyanwu, D (2018). Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/my-published-paper

MLA 8th

Ogochukwu, Timothy, and Dr Anyanwu "Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle" Afribary. Afribary, 07 Nov. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/my-published-paper. Accessed 20 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

Ogochukwu, Timothy, and Dr Anyanwu . "Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle". Afribary, Afribary, 07 Nov. 2018. Web. 20 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/my-published-paper >.

Chicago

Ogochukwu, Timothy and Anyanwu, Dr . "Prevalence and Antibiogram of Generic Enterococci in Ready-to-Slaughter Beef Cattle" Afribary (2018). Accessed June 20, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/my-published-paper