Research Papers/Topics in Veterinary Medicine

Prevalence Of Oxytetracycline Residue And Resistant Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Beef And Chicken In Selected Cities Of South Western Nigeria

ABSTRACT The use of antibiotics in livestock production is of food safety concern due to hazards of their residues and transfer of resistant bacteria along the food chain. There are few reported quantitative assessment of meat-borne antibiotic residues and resistant pathogens in southwestern Nigeria. Antibiotics usage in food animal production, antimicrobial residues screening, prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and levels of oxytetracycline residue in chicken and beef from Lago...

Investigation into the healing properties of walnut (Tetracarpidium conophorum) leaf and onion (Allium cepa) bulb residues in Clarias gariepinus

SUMMARY The study evaluated the effect of dietary inclusion levels of walnut leaf (WL) and onion bulb (OB) residues on dermal wound healing of Clarias gariepinus. The experiment was carried out in 9 experimental tanks (1.8 m x 2 m x 1.2 m) for 14 days. Nine experimental diets were formulated at 40% crude protein representing the following inclusion levels: Control (0%), OB2 (0.5%), OB3 (1.0%), OB4 (1.5%), OB5 (2.0%), WL6 (0.5%), WL7 (1.0%), WL8 (1.5%) and WL9 (2.0%). Fish (mean weigh...

Role Of Domestic Animals In The Epidemiology Of Human African Trypanosomiasis (Hat) In Kigoma –Tanzania

ABSTRACTHuman African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is fatal if untreated and causes severe morbidity.In Tanzania HAT is caused by Trypanosoma b. rhodesiense. Trypanosomiasis in livestockis the major impediment to livestock farming and it limits the full potential of agriculturaldevelopment in Tanzania. This study was undertaken in Kasulu district of Kigoma region,an area that is endemic for both human and animal trypanosomiasis. This study aimed todetermine the prevalence of trypanosomiasis in domes...

Influence Of Haptoglobin Genotypes On Susceptibility To Malaria And The Effect Of Malaria Parasitemia To The Haptoglobin Levels In Children

ABSTRACTHaptoglobin gene encodes for an acute phase protein; Haptoglobin and is expressed in three different polymorphic forms, Hp1-1, Hp1-2 and Hp2-2. Various studies on pathogenesis of Malaria maintain that Haptoglobin polymorphism influences host susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum infection. A number of studies provide evidence that, individuals carrying Hp2-2 genotype are resistant to both Malaria infection and development of severe disease although some have shown that no influence ...

Prevalence Of Plasmodium Infection And Accuracy Of Diagnostic Tests For Malaria Infection In Children Under Five In The Health Zone Of Mont Ngafula1, An Endemic Area For Malaria In Kinshasa,

ABSTRACTDemocratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the five countries that carry half of the global disease burden. Yet, malaria is an entirely preventable and treatable disease, when currently recommended interventions are properly implemented. Such interventions include confirmation of malaria diagnosis through microscopy or malaria rapid diagnostic tests (MRDTs) for every suspected case, even in children under five years of age.This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malaria infecti...

Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Porcine Cysticercosis Associated With Traditional Pig Production And Marketing In Angónia District, Mozambique

ABSTRACTThis study was carried out to estimate the porcine cysticercosis prevalence by meat inspection, identify the risk factors of porcine cysticercosis along the pig/pork marketing channels and describe the pig productions systems. Data for prevalence were obtained using census of all pig carcasses going through the meat inspection point over a 3-months period. A ledger was used to register information regarding all cysticercosis post mortem inspection findings. The meat inspection was eva...

Prevalence Of Gastrointestinal Helminthosis In Small Ruminants Kept Under Traditional Management System In Meru District, Tanzania

ABSTRACTA cross-sectional observational study was conducted in sheep and goats kept under traditional management system in Meru district, Tanzania in September 2014, with the objective of determining the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthosis in small ruminants, identification of the most prevalent helminths, determination of helminth infection intensity in traditional management system and assessment of farmers awareness on small ruminants helminth control practice. In this study a tota...

An Evaluation Of Selected Brachiaria Cultivars On The Weight Change Of Galla Goats In The Coastal Lowlands

ABSTRACTInadequate and erratic rainfall in the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) of Kenya that are accompanied by long dry spells lead to drought. This leads to low feed availability. Inadequate quality and quantity of feeds is the major constraint to livestock production in the ASALs of Kenya. It is the major input factor to livestock production and accounts for 60-70% of the production cost. There is therefore a need to introduce climate smart forage species in order to expand the forage res...

An Evaluation Of Brachiaria Grass Cultivars Productivity In Semi Arid Kenya

ABSTRACTThe scarce and low nutritive livestock forage resource base in semi arid Kenya limits livestock production in these regions. The major factor contributing to this situation is inadequate and erratic rainfall patterns accompanied by long dry spells often culminating into drought. To exploit the full potential of the ASALs for livestock production there is need to expand the forage resource base through introduction of climate smart forage species. This study was carried out to evaluate...

Variation of tsetse fly abundance in relation to habitat and host presence in the Maasai Steppe, Tanzania

ABSTRACT: Human activities modify ecosystem structure and function and can also alter the vital rates of vectors and thus the risk of infection with vector-borne diseases. In the Maasai Steppe ecosystem of northern Tanzania, local communities depend on livestock and suitable pasture that is shared with wildlife, which can increase tsetse abundance and the risk of trypanosomiasis. We monitored the monthly tsetse fly abundance adjacent to Tarangire National Park in 2014-2015 using geo-reference...

The Assessment of the Utility and Impact of Sexual Assault Evidence Collection Kits (SAECKs) as DNA evidence in suspected cases of rape.

Table of ContentsA. The proposal .................................................................................................................................... 31. Introduction: .................................................................................................................................... 32. Problem statement ........................................................................................................................... 93. Research question: ..............

Field and Experimental Investigations of an Outbreak of African Swine Fever in Nigeria

ABSTRACT An outbreak of African Swine Fever (ASF), characterized by a mortality of 50 to100% in various herds, was diagnosed among free-ranging domesticated pigsin Delta State, Nigeria, in August 1998. The etiological confirmation of ASFwas made by virus isolation, PCR and sequencing of a 280 base pair fragmentof the major capsid protein (VP72) gene. Experimental infection of pigs withinfected blood resulted in pyrexia, which peaked two to four days postinfection,followed by death in fiv...

Prevalence And Molecular Characterisation Of Trypanosomes Of Cattle In Ogun And Kaduna States, Nigeria

AbstractAfrican animal trypanosomosis is a complex infectious disease responsible for productionlosses in livestock herds. The severity of the disease has been associated with differentspecies and strains of trypanosomes which have not been characterized molecularly inNigeria. Many of the previous studies conducted in Nigeria were based on microscopy andserology. This study accessed the prevalence of trypanosomes in the forest (Ogun State)and Savannah (Kaduna State) zones, being major ecologi...

Consumption of Aqueous Extract of Raw Aloe Vera Leaves: Histopathological and Biochemical Studies in Rat and Tilapia

AbstractForty-five juvenile tilapia and 30 weanling albino rats exposed to water containing 50, 100 and 150ppm ofaqueous extract of Aloe vera leaves for 96 hours and 28 days, respectively were used for this study.Fifteen tilapia and 10 rats exposed to clean water (0 ppm A. vera) served as controls. Clinical signs,mortality, gross and histologic organ pathology in the tilapia; weekly haematology, plasma biochemicalparameters and organ pathology were monitored in the rats. Fish cultured in wate...

Prevalence of Bovine Brucellosis And Cow Milk Contamination by Brucella in Benue State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Serological and bacteriological studies were carried out to determine the prevalence of brucellosis among cattle in Benue State, Nigeria; and to determine the level of contamination of fresh bulk herd and fermented milk sold to the public for consumption; as well as detect and characterize the causative agent of bovine brucellosis in the area; and to evaluate a new diagnostic test for brucellosis, the Brucella Lateral Flow Assay (the rapid field test). Serum samples obtained fr...


1 - 15 Of 67 Results