Veterinary Medicine Research Papers/Topics

Dogs Owners’ Perception on the Use of Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens L (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae as an Alternative Source of Protein in Dog Food in Kenya

Abstract/Overview In recent years, pet owners have begun to show more consideration for their companion animals, which includes paying more attention to their nutrition. This is thought to be a strategy to protect the welfare and health of their animals. As feed and food, using insects has gained increased interest from industry, investigators, policymakers, and the general public globally. Owing to their rapid biomass turnover and dietary value, consideration of insects to serve as novel...

Molecular prevalence and diversity of Anaplasmataceae and Bartonellaceae in indigenous Muridae from South Africa

Abstract: The main aim of the current study was to determine the prevalence and diversity of potentially zoonotic bacterial genera in accurately identified indigenous rodents from South Africa. Bacterial prevalence and diversity were determined by PCR amplification and sequence analyses. Rodents were molecularly identified by amplification and sequence analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene region. Three species (Aethomys ineptus, Mastomys coucha and Otomys angoniensis) belonging to...

Factors influencing dairy goat milk production in Kitui township, Kyangwithya East and Kyangwithya West wards of Kitui Central Sub-county

Abstract: Low goat milk yield is a major constraint in Kitui County. A survey was carried out in Kitui Township, Kyangwithya east and Kyangwithya west wards of Kitui Central Sub County to assess and document the factors influencing dairy goat milk production and its roles towards improvement of rural livelihood. The environmental and managerial factors affecting milk production of different goat breeds was surveyed. Data was collected through questionnaires, observation and recording, and ph...

PREVALENCE OF MASTITIS AND ITS EFFECT ON MILK QUALITY UNDER DIFFERENT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN BORENA DISTRICT OF SOUTH WOLLO ZONE, AMHARA REGION, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to February 2017 on smallholder dairy farms to determine the prevalence of bovine mastitis, associated risk factors and its effect on milk microbial quality under different production systems of Borena District, South Wollo Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. A total of 180 households were interviewed using semi structured questionnaire concerning the different potential risk factors for mastitis prevalence and 229 lactating cows w...

OCCURRENCE AND DISTRIBUTION OF CALF DIARRHEA DUE TO Escherichia coli AND Salmonella AND IT’S ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN THREE WOREDAS OF WEST HARERGHE, OROMIA REGION, EASTERN ETHIOPIA

Abstract: Calf diarrhea remains the major health challenges in cattle herds and is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal calves. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Three Woredas of West Harerghe from October 2022 to March 2023 with the objectives to identify salmonella and E. coli infection in diarrheic calves, to assess associated risk factors for occurrence of calf diarrhea, and to assess the young stock management practices and knowledge gaps of livestock prod...

EVALUATING THE EFFECTS OF MESOPHILIC STARTER CULTURES ON TEXTURE AND CONSUMER ACCEPTABILITY OF FERMENTED CAMEL MILK

Abstract: The aims of this study were to evaluate effects of mesophilic starter cultures, camel milk powder (CMP) and microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) on the texture, viscosity, sensory and physicochemical properties of fermented camel milk.The experiment was designed as a full factor experiment with two starter cultures (R-707 and CHN-22), two levels of CMP (with and without) and two levels of MTGase (with and without). The analyses of fermented camel milk weremade for their physicochemi...

CATTLE BREEDING PRACTICE OF THE COMMUNITY AND EVALUATION OF ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION (AI) AFTER ESTRUS SYNCHRONIZATION IN WONDO GENET DISTIRCT, SIDAMA ZONE, SNNPR, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The study was conducted from November2018to March 2019 in Wondo Genet district of Sidama zone SNNP region Ethiopia, with the objective to assess cattle breeding practices of the communities and evaluate AI after synchronization. The study was conducted using survey and estrus synchronization. The 60 households were participated in the interview. 120 cows and heifers were injected single dose of prostaglandin. All the respondents (100%) have both local and cross breed cows. Milk pro...

LIVESTOCK HUSBANDRY PRACTICES, MAJOR FEED RESOURCE AND DROUGHT COPING STRATEGY IN AYSAITA DISTRICT, AWSI RASU ZONE, AFAR NATIONAL REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: This study was conducted in selected pastoral and agro-pastoral areas of Aysaita district of the Awsirasu Zone of Afar Regional State, Ethiopia. The main objectives of the study were to assess the livestock husbandry practices, the major feed resource; prioritize major constraints that influence livestock production and the drought coping mechanisms in the study area. A total of eight kebele were selected purposively out of 11kebeles in the district (Four kebele from each pastoral ...

CHARACTERIZATION OF SCAVENGING AND INTENSIVE CHICKEN PRODUCTION AND MARKETING SYSTEM IN LUME DISTRICT, EAST SHOA ZONE, OROMIA REGION STATE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: The study aimed at characterizing of scavenging and intensive chicken production and marketing system in Lume district, East Shoa Zone, Oromia Region. Random samplings were employed to select sample kebeles based on chicken population and purposively select respondents. Administration of pretested questionnaire were employed on three kebeles and 90 respondents’ from scavenging chicken keepers, 10 intensive farms keeping exotic chicken and 30 middle men (chicken and egg collectors...

EFFECT OF REPLACING GROUNDNUT SEEDCAKE BY BREWERS’ YEAST-NOUG SEED CAKE MIXTURE IN RATION ON PERFORMANCE AND SELECTED BLOOD PARAMETER OF WHITE LEGHORN CHICKEN

Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate effect of replacing groundnut seed cake with yeast-noug seed cake (BYNSC) mixture on laying performance, egg quality, fertility and hatchability of white leghorn layer chickens. One hundred eighty white leghorn layers at the age of 28 weeks and average initial body weight of 1006±7.18 g (mean ± SD) in a completely randomized design were used. There were 5 treatment rations each with 3 replication and were randomly allotted to 15 pens each with 12...

EFFECTS OF INTER-ROW AND INTRA - ROW SPACING ON GROWTH, YIELD AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF CHICKPEA (Cicer arietinum L.) AT FUNYAN DIIMO AREA, CHIRO DISTRICT, WEST HARARGHE, ETHIOPIA

Abstract: One of the basic agronomic practices to improve the yield potential of chickpea is identification of optimum plant spacing. Thus, field experiment was conducted to assess the effect of inter-row and intra-row spacing on the growth, yield components and yield of chickpea at Chiro District. The treatment consisted of four inter- row (20, 30, 40 and 50 cm) and four intra- row (5, 10,15 and 20 cm) spacing. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) in fact...

SMALLHOLDER DAIRY PRODUCTION CHARACTERISTICS AND PHYSICO-CHEMICAL QUALITY OF RAW COW MILK AND TRADITIONAL FERMENTED DAIRY PRODUCT IN ADAMI TULU JIDO KOMBOLCHA WOREDA OF EAST SHOA ZONE, ORO

Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the characteristics of smallholder dairy production and the Physico-chemical quality of raw cow milk and traditional fermented dairy products produced in Adami Tulu Kombolcha Woreda. A three-stage sampling procedure was used to collect primary data from smallholder dairy producers. In the first stage, from the East Shoa zone, Ademi Tulu Jido Kombolcha were purposively selected due to its high potential in cow milk production as well as marketing. ...

Detection of Antibodies to Ehrlichia spp. in Dromedary Camels and Co-Grazing Sheep in Northern Kenya Using an Ehrlichia ruminantium Polyclonal Competitive ELISA

Abstract: A disease with clinical and post-mortem presentation similar to those seen in heartwater, a tick-borne disease of domestic and wild ruminants caused by the intracellular bacterium Ehrlichia ruminantium, was first reported in dromedary camels in Kenya in 2016; investigations carried out at the time to determine the cause were inconclusive. In the present study, we screened sera from Kenyan camels collected before (2015) and after (2020) the 2016 disease outbreak for antibodies to Eh...

Anti-Tick Vaccines: Current Advances and Future Prospects.

Abstract: Ticks are increasingly a global public health and veterinary concern. They transmit numerous pathogens that are of veterinary and public health importance. Acaricides, livestock breeding for tick resistance, tick handpicking, pasture spelling, and anti-tick vaccines (ATVs) are in use for the control of ticks and tick-borne diseases (TTBDs); acaricides and ATVs being the most and least used TTBD control methods respectively. The overuse and misuse of acaricides has inadvertently sel...

Shared volatile organic compounds between camel metabolic products elicits strong Stomoxys calcitrans attraction

Abstract: The sources of animal odours are highly diverse, yet their ecological importance, in host–vector communication, remains unexplored. Here, using the camel (host)–Stomoxys calcitrans (vector) interaction, we collected and analyzed the Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) of camels from four of its diferent odour sources: breath, body (skin), urine, and dung. On non-metric model multivariate analyses of VOCs we show that substantial chemo-diversity exists between metabolic products a...


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