Research Papers/Topics in Veterinary Medicine

Sero-Prevalence And Risk Factor Of Cattle Brucellosis In El Fasher City Northern Darfur State,Sudan

Abstract Brucellosis is one of the bacterial zoonotic disease that affects both man and animal and has considerable impact on public health and economy. This Study was carried out to update information about prevalence of brucellosis in cattle in the north Darfur state, Sudan. The study was extended from April to November 2019. The objective was to estimate the prevalence of brucellosis in cattle and to investigate risk factor associated with the disease . Two hundred and thirty bloo...

Sero-Prevalence Of Toxoplasmosis In Cattle In El-Gadarif State

Abstract Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is a significant disease in livestock and human. Because of medical and veterinary importance it is essential to study the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among human and animals in various area of the world. The aim of this study was to estimate seroprevalence of T. gondii in cattle in Gedarif state . A three hundred serum samples were collected from four localities :100 from Baldeyat El- Gedarif ,60 from Glabat El-Shargea ,...

Comparison Of The Pathogenicity Of Quinapyramine Sulphate Drug-Resistant And Drug-Susceptible Trypanosoma Evansi In Experimentally Infected Mice.

Abstract The pathogenecity of two stabilates of Trypanosoma evansi isolated from camels in El-Gedarif and North Kordofan States, to study and evaluate the biochemical and microscopical pathology of camel strains of T. evansi in vivo in experimentally infected Albino mice. Total of 36 adult male outbred Albino mice, weighing between 133-137g were used in this study. The mice were divided into 6 groups of 6 mice per group (A, B, C, D, E and F). Group A and B were infected, intraperitonea...

Studies On Q Fever In Farm Animals In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACTThe serological prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in domestic livestock in Saudi Arabia was studied using two serological tests: indirect enzyme linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as the main test and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) as a confirmatory test and for .comparison with ELISAA total of 1970 farm animals of both sexes were tested serologically to determine the prevalence of C. burnetii specific IgG antibodies using indirect ELISA....

Prevalence and Risk factors of Bovine Paramphistomiasis in Khartoum Bahri locality, Khartoum State, Sudan

A cross-sectional study was carried out on 330 of cattle in Kadaru slaughter house in Khartoum state, Sudan, during winter (December 2014 and January 2015). The objectives of study were to estimate the prevalence of paramphistomiasis in cattle and to investigate the potential risk factors associated with the disease.The overall of cattle prevalence was found to be 12.7% when tested by fecal sedimentation test. The prevalence of the infection according to the age ...

Dual Effects of Camel Bone (Bony Shuttle Pin) as Splint for Femoral Fractures and the Bone Marrow of Goats

Bony pin splints were obtained from slaughtered camel metacarpal bone and used successfully as intramedullary shuttle pin splint for repair of induced femoral fractures in 12 Goats without any additional external splint. Round pins were made from metacarpal bone of healthy and freshly Slaughtered camel. The bones were cleaned properly and cut with an electric saw into proper width slats, and then with an electric grindstone.Different sizes of pins were made with ...

Clinicopathological Study on Abu Rigaiba Syndrome (Botulism) in Sheep in River Nile State

The present work was conducted to investigate the clinical signs and pathological lesions of sheep botulism in River Nile at Al Butana area. Many outbreaks of botulism were detected in sheep in River Nile State. In 10406 sheep flocks, 879 were affected and 797 were died with morbidity rate 8.4% and mortality rate 7.6%. Mortality among infected sheep was 90.6%. The main symptoms were flaccid tetraparesis leading to tetraplegia that was often accompanied by twisted...

Seroprevelance of Trypanosoma evansi infection in dairy cattle in Khartoum State, Sudan

Trypanosoma evansi parasite has a wide range of distribution throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In this study we have investigated the prevalence of the disease in dairy cattle in Khartoum State, Sudan using the card agglutination test (CATT/T. evansi) which is recommended by OIE. Within 304 blood samples, antibodies against T. evansi were detected in 91 (29.9%). Antibodies against T. evansi were detected in 31 (31%) animals in Omdurman, 29&nbsp...

Studies on Clinical, Aetiological and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Mastitis in She-camel (Camelus dromedarius) in Butana area, Sudan

AbstractThis study was performed to investigate the types of clinicalmastitis among camel herds reared in Butana region. The effects of season, age,stage of lactation, number of calving on occurrence of mastitis causative agentsand antibiotic sensitivity of the bacterial isolates from mastitic she-camel wereincluded. The study also involved treatment trial in Tamboul area for selectedcases of acute and chronic mastitis. The occurrence of clinical mastitis among319 milking camels during ...

Relationship Between Helicobacter Pylori Seropositive Patients And Throat Infection

ABSTRACTThe most common complaint among patients in the out-patient clinics are sorethroat, and the most frequent diagnosis is chronic non-specific pharyngitis. Chronicpharyngitis is still controversial. Helicobacter pylori, besides being the major causeof chronic gastritis, might also be involved in playing role in the upper respiratorytract infection.This study aimed to determine the relationship between H. pylori infection andthroat infection and its possible role in the etiology and ...

Evaluation Of Biosecurity Measures In Commercial Poultry Farms In River Nile State

AbstractA cross sectional study was conducted in 60 commercial poultry farms (38 open ,18 semi closed and 4 closed system ) in River Nile State , distributed in 4 localities (Atbara , Aldamer , Shendi and Barber) included layer , broiler and grower farms . Data were collected by using structured questionnaire. The data were analysed using Descriptive Statistics Method and Chi Square .The practices and infrastructure observed in the farms were inconsistent with the three principle elements of ...

The Influence Of Graded Dietary Energy On Dynamics Of Trypanosoma Congolense Infection In West African Dwarf Goats

ABSTRACT Malnutrition increases goats’ susceptibility to diseases thereby hindering their profitable production. Low calorie diet and infection have impact on health and survival of livestock. The influence of Graded Dietary Energy (GDE) on dynamics of Trypanosoma congolense (Tc) infection in goats is not fully elucidated. The influence of GDE levels on Tc infection in West African Dwarf (WAD) goats was therefore investigated. A preliminary survey for trypanosomes involving 675 go...

Serovars and Renal Pathology of Leptospirosis in Dogs, Cattle and Wild Rats, and its Pathogenesis in A Guinea Pig Model

ABSTRACT In recent years, mortality due to leptospirosis in dogs has been of major concern in Southwestern Nigeria, but the prevalent serovars, pathology and pathogenesis have not been fully documented. The purpose of this study was to investigate the disease in the dog and reservoir hosts (cattle and wild rats), and its pathogenesis and pathology in a guinea pig model. Between 2003 and 2010, 44 fresh and 60 formalin-fixed kidneys of tentatively diagnosed cases of canine leptospiros...

Impact Of Flood On Waterborne Bacterial Pathogens. A Study In Anambra River: South East, Nigeria.

ABSTRACTA cross sectional and retrospective study was carried out to assess the impact of flood onwaterborne bacterial pathogens in Anambra River. Under conditions of climate change, heavyrain and flood would increase the risk of faecal contamination of surface and ground water. Thisincreases the risk of waterborne zoonoses. Waterborne infections result from drinking watercontaminated by pathogens such as E. coli and Salmonella discharged from human or animalexcreta. The objectives of t...

Prevalence Of Porcine Cysticercosis In Mbozi And Mbeya Rural Districts, Mbeya Tanzania

ABSTRACT An epidemiological survey was conducted between November and December 2007 in 30 randomly selected villages and four slaughterslabs in Mbozi and Mbeya Rural districts, southern Tanzania, to determine the prevalence of porcine cysticercosis. Fifteen villages and three slaughterslabs were from Mbozi and fifteen villages and one slaughterslab were from Mbeya Rural. A total of 600 live pigs (300 in each district) of different sex and age categories were randomly selected from small...


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