Research Papers/Topics in Veterinary Medicine

Pathogenesis of a Local Nigerian Velogenic Newcastle Disease Virus Infection in Vaccinated and Unvaccinated Chicken Layers

ABSTRACT Velogenic Newcastle disease (VND) has been very much associated with drop in egg production and the production of poor quality eggs. The aim of this project was to study the pathological, biochemical and haematological changes that led to the poor egg production and quality. Two hundred and forty Isa-Brown pullets were purchased from Zartech, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria at day old. They were reared to point of lay. At 16 weeks of age they were divided into two groups of 120 layers eac...

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Ovine Hydatidosis In West Omdurman Locality-Sudan

Abstract This study was conducted on 176 sheep slaughtered at Al-sabaloga abattoir, West Omdurman, Khartoum State, Sudan, during the period extended from October2016 to December 2016. The objectives were to estimate the prevalence of hydatid cysts in sheep and to investigate risk factors associated with the disease. Routine meat inspection procedure was employed to detect the presence of hydatid cysts in visceral organs (liver, lung, heart and muscle). The Examined sheep originated from two a...

Infectious Bronchitis Virus in Captured Free-Living, Free-Range and Intensively Reared Birds in Southwest Nigeria

Abstract Infectious bronchitis (IB) is an acute infectious viral disease causing severe economic losses in poultry production. In Nigeria, there has only been monitoring of the disease in chickens with little attention given to other bird species. For this study, blood samples were collected from 184 apparently healthy, unvaccinated birds which comprised of 61 captured free-living pigeons, 60 free range indigenous chickens and 63 intensively reared Japanese quails. Sera from these bir...

Sero-Prevalence And Risk Factor Of Cattle Brucellosis In El Fasher City Northern Darfur State,Sudan

Abstract Brucellosis is one of the bacterial zoonotic disease that affects both man and animal and has considerable impact on public health and economy. This Study was carried out to update information about prevalence of brucellosis in cattle in the north Darfur state, Sudan. The study was extended from April to November 2019. The objective was to estimate the prevalence of brucellosis in cattle and to investigate risk factor associated with the disease . Two hundred and thirty blood for se...

Sero-Prevalence Of Toxoplasmosis In Cattle In El-Gadarif State

Abstract Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is a significant disease in livestock and human. Because of medical and veterinary importance it is essential to study the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection among human and animals in various area of the world. The aim of this study was to estimate seroprevalence of T. gondii in cattle in Gedarif state . A three hundred serum samples were collected from four localities :100 from Baldeyat El- Gedarif ,60 from Glabat El-Shargea ,90 from ...

Comparison Of The Pathogenicity Of Quinapyramine Sulphate Drug-Resistant And Drug-Susceptible Trypanosoma Evansi In Experimentally Infected Mice.

Abstract The pathogenecity of two stabilates of Trypanosoma evansi isolated from camels in El-Gedarif and North Kordofan States, to study and evaluate the biochemical and microscopical pathology of camel strains of T. evansi in vivo in experimentally infected Albino mice. Total of 36 adult male outbred Albino mice, weighing between 133-137g were used in this study. The mice were divided into 6 groups of 6 mice per group (A, B, C, D, E and F). Group A and B were infected, intraperitoneally, wi...

Studies On Q Fever In Farm Animals In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT The serological prevalence of Coxiella burnetii in domestic livestock in Saudi Arabia was studied using two serological tests: indirect enzyme linked Immunosorbent assay (ELISA) as the main test and indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) as a confirmatory test and for .comparison with ELISA A total of 1970 farm animals of both sexes were tested serologically to determine the prevalence of C. burnetii specific IgG antibodies using indirect ELISA. The samples were collected fro...

Prevalence and Risk factors of Bovine Paramphistomiasis in Khartoum Bahri locality, Khartoum State, Sudan

A cross-sectional study was carried out on 330 of cattle in Kadaru slaughter house in Khartoum state, Sudan, during winter (December 2014 and January 2015). The objectives of study were to estimate the prevalence of paramphistomiasis in cattle and to investigate the potential risk factors associated with the disease. The overall of cattle prevalence was found to be 12.7% when tested by fecal sedimentation test. The prevalence of the infection according to the age was 11% in animals equa...

Dual Effects of Camel Bone (Bony Shuttle Pin) as Splint for Femoral Fractures and the Bone Marrow of Goats

Bony pin splints were obtained from slaughtered camel metacarpal bone and used successfully as intramedullary shuttle pin splint for repair of induced femoral fractures in 12 Goats without any additional external splint. Round pins were made from metacarpal bone of healthy and freshly Slaughtered camel. The bones were cleaned properly and cut with an electric saw into proper width slats, and then with an electric grindstone. Different sizes of pins were made with notch in one of its end...

Clinicopathological Study on Abu Rigaiba Syndrome (Botulism) in Sheep in River Nile State

The present work was conducted to investigate the clinical signs and pathological lesions of sheep botulism in River Nile at Al Butana area. Many outbreaks of botulism were detected in sheep in River Nile State. In 10406 sheep flocks, 879 were affected and 797 were died with morbidity rate 8.4% and mortality rate 7.6%. Mortality among infected sheep was 90.6%. The main symptoms were flaccid tetraparesis leading to tetraplegia that was often accompanied by twisted neck, tongue paralysis,...

Seroprevelance of Trypanosoma evansi infection in dairy cattle in Khartoum State, Sudan

Trypanosoma evansi parasite has a wide range of distribution throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In this study we have investigated the prevalence of the disease in dairy cattle in Khartoum State, Sudan using the card agglutination test (CATT/T. evansi) which is recommended by OIE. Within 304 blood samples, antibodies against T. evansi were detected in 91 (29.9%). Antibodies against T. evansi were detected in 31 (31%) animals in Omdurman, 29 (28.4%) animals in Khar...

Studies on Clinical, Aetiological and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Mastitis in She-camel (Camelus dromedarius) in Butana area, Sudan

Abstract This study was performed to investigate the types of clinical mastitis among camel herds reared in Butana region. The effects of season, age, stage of lactation, number of calving on occurrence of mastitis causative agents and antibiotic sensitivity of the bacterial isolates from mastitic she-camel were included. The study also involved treatment trial in Tamboul area for selected cases of acute and chronic mastitis. The occurrence of clinical mastitis among 319 milking camels durin...

Relationship Between Helicobacter Pylori Seropositive Patients And Throat Infection

ABSTRACT The most common complaint among patients in the out-patient clinics are sore throat, and the most frequent diagnosis is chronic non-specific pharyngitis. Chronic pharyngitis is still controversial. Helicobacter pylori, besides being the major cause of chronic gastritis, might also be involved in playing role in the upper respiratory tract infection. This study aimed to determine the relationship between H. pylori infection and throat infection and its possible role in the etiology a...

Evaluation Of Biosecurity Measures In Commercial Poultry Farms In River Nile State

Abstract A cross sectional study was conducted in 60 commercial poultry farms (38 open ,18 semi closed and 4 closed system ) in River Nile State , distributed in 4 localities (Atbara , Aldamer , Shendi and Barber) included layer , broiler and grower farms . Data were collected by using structured questionnaire. The data were analysed using Descriptive Statistics Method and Chi Square .The practices and infrastructure observed in the farms were inconsistent with the three principle elements of...

The Influence Of Graded Dietary Energy On Dynamics Of Trypanosoma Congolense Infection In West African Dwarf Goats

ABSTRACT Malnutrition increases goats’ susceptibility to diseases thereby hindering their profitable production. Low calorie diet and infection have impact on health and survival of livestock. The influence of Graded Dietary Energy (GDE) on dynamics of Trypanosoma congolense (Tc) infection in goats is not fully elucidated. The influence of GDE levels on Tc infection in West African Dwarf (WAD) goats was therefore investigated. A preliminary survey for trypanosomes involving 675 goats was c...


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