Since the United Nations Declaration of the Decade for Women in 1975 following the global
outcry of poor and low participation of women in decision making and in politics in the
1980s, the Government of Ghana with its institutions and international donor agencies and
organisations started increasing their focus on empowering women by providing Non-Formal
Education (NFE) programmes. This was to raise the women’s consciousness and to build
their capacities and skills. The value assumption was that, if women understood their
conditions, knew their rights and learnt new skills, they would be empowered to actively
participate in decision making and public governance in Ghana. It was against this
background that the study was designed to find out the extent to which these NFE
programmes have contributed to the participation of the 2010 cohort of Assembly women in
local governance in Northern sector of Ghana.
To achieve this, the study employed the cross-sectional survey design and with the aid of
questionnaire the primary data was gathered from all the 276 assembly women respondents
of the Upper East, Upper West and BrongAhafo regions) selected out of the four regions of
the Northern sector of Ghana using the simple random sampling technique. The reliability of
the data collection instrument using Cronbach Alpha Coefficient was 0.79.
With the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), the data was analyzed
using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The major findings of the study were that, the
NFE programmes irrespective of the form by which the women acquired the skills and
knowledge was positively and significantly related and associated with the women’s
participation in local governance as Assembly members. The influence of the abilities they
acquired from the NFE programmes on the their participation was also significantly
enhanced by the women’s self-interest to participate in the Assembly, Social recognition of
the humanitarian, meritorious and professional services of the women and their families and
their social, economic and political standing in the respective communities as well as the
women’s geo-social setting’s positive perception of their social image - being married,
elderly and or well educated formally. The study outcome also showed a significant positive
relationship between the influence of the NFE programmes and the women’s abilities to
campaign effectively and mobilise funds for their assembly elections activities. This
notwithstanding, the influence of the abilities acquired from the NFE programmes by the
women on their participation in the Assembly’s business was hampered by negative
influence of partisan politics, male dominance in the assembly, poor and irregular attendance
and lack of individual competences in English and in some technical issues of the Assembly.
The recommendations offered for adult education institutions and the Assemblies include the
need to organise programmes alongside the women empowerment ones to conscientise the
custodians of the oppressing socio-cultural and religious beliefs and practices to enhance the
influence of NFE interventions on women’s participation in local level governance as well as
the Assemblies instituting NFE departments tasked to regularly educate, train and update the
women on the changing dynamics and technical issues of the Assembly business to enhance
their conpetences and active participation.
SSA, R (2021). NON-FORMALEDUCATION AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLY WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN NORTHERN SECTOR OF GHANA. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 15, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/non-formaleducation-and-district-assembly-women-s-participation-in-local-governance-in-northern-sector-of-ghana
Research, SSA. "NON-FORMALEDUCATION AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLY WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN NORTHERN SECTOR OF GHANA" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 01 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/non-formaleducation-and-district-assembly-women-s-participation-in-local-governance-in-northern-sector-of-ghana . Accessed 15 Apr. 2021.
Research, SSA. "NON-FORMALEDUCATION AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLY WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN NORTHERN SECTOR OF GHANA". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 01 Apr. 2021. Web. 15 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/non-formaleducation-and-district-assembly-women-s-participation-in-local-governance-in-northern-sector-of-ghana >.
Research, SSA. "NON-FORMALEDUCATION AND DISTRICT ASSEMBLY WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN NORTHERN SECTOR OF GHANA" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 15, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/non-formaleducation-and-district-assembly-women-s-participation-in-local-governance-in-northern-sector-of-ghana