Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator

Abstract:

By choosing blood-carrying mosquitoes as prey, Evarcha culicivora, an East African salticid spider,specializes at feeding indirectly on vertebrate blood. It also has an exceptionally complex mate-choice system. An earlier study revealed that search-image use assists E. culicivora in finding prey and mates when restricted to using vision alone. Here we show that search-image use assists E. culicivora in finding prey and mates when restricted to using olfaction alone. After being primed with prey odour or mate odour (control: not primed with odour), spiders were transferred to an olfactometer designed to test ability to find a prey-odour or mate-odour source that was either ‘cryptic’ (i.e. accompanied by a masking odour source, Lantana camara) or ‘conspicuous’ (no L. camara odour). When tested with conspicuous odour, the identity of the priming odour had no significant effect on how many spiders found the odour source. However, when tested with cryptic odour, significantly more spiders found the odour source when primed with congruent odour and significantly fewer spiders found the odour source when primed with incongruent odour.
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APA

Public Library, A., Cross, F , Cross, F , Cross, F , Cross, F , Cross, F , Cross, F & Cross, F (2024). Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/olfactory-search-image-use-by-a-mosquito-eating-predator

MLA 8th

Public Library, Africana, et. al. "Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/olfactory-search-image-use-by-a-mosquito-eating-predator. Accessed 20 May. 2024.

MLA7

Public Library, Africana, Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross and Fiona Cross . "Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 20 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/olfactory-search-image-use-by-a-mosquito-eating-predator >.

Chicago

Public Library, Africana, Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross , Fiona Cross and Fiona Cross . "Olfactory search-image use by a mosquito-eating predator" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 20, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/olfactory-search-image-use-by-a-mosquito-eating-predator