Optimization of Biodiesel from Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Seed Oil

ABSTRACT

Coconut seeds was investigated for its use as biodiesel feedstock. Oil was extracted from coconut seeds using soxhlet extraction method where 67.2% yield of oil was obtained. Biodiesel synthesis was developed and optimized using Box-Behnken design in Response Surface Methodology to study the effect of experimental variables such as methanol to oil ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction temperature and reaction time on the extracted oil from coconut seeds. The model shows optimum conditions of biodiesel yield of 79% were found at 6:1 alcohol/oil ratio, 1% catalyst concentration (KOH), reaction temperature of 650C and reaction time of 40 min. respectively. At the end of experimental design it was found that the catalyst concentration and reaction time significantly affect the biodiesel yield than the molar ratio among others under the range of values studied. The produced biodiesel was analyzed for its physicochemical and characterized for its fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) profile using GC-MS. The fuel properties of biodiesel obtained showed that except cetane number, diesel index and sulphur content that were higher than the recommended ASTM values all other determined properties were within the ASTM specification indicating that its quite suitable as an alternative source of fuel.

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Abubakar, H (2021). Optimization of Biodiesel from Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Seed Oil. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/optimization-of-biodiesel-from-coconut-cocos-nucifera-seed-oil

MLA 8th

Abubakar, Hadiza "Optimization of Biodiesel from Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Seed Oil" Afribary. Afribary, 14 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/optimization-of-biodiesel-from-coconut-cocos-nucifera-seed-oil. Accessed 21 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

Abubakar, Hadiza . "Optimization of Biodiesel from Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Seed Oil". Afribary, Afribary, 14 Apr. 2021. Web. 21 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/optimization-of-biodiesel-from-coconut-cocos-nucifera-seed-oil >.

Chicago

Abubakar, Hadiza . "Optimization of Biodiesel from Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Seed Oil" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/optimization-of-biodiesel-from-coconut-cocos-nucifera-seed-oil