Parents Perception and Universal Primary Education Policy Implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda

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ABSTRACT 

This study is entitled Parents’ perception and Universal Primary Education policy implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda. It was carried out to correlate parents’ perception and UPE policy implementation in Rusizi District in Rwanda. The objectives were(1) to determine the profile of the respondents in terms of age, gender, level of education and type of stakeholder; (2) to determine the level of parents’ perception on UPE;(3) to determine the extent of Universal Primary Education policy implementation in terms of enrolment and maintaining pupils at school as well as parental monetary and material contributions to school ; (4) to establish the relationship between parents’ perception and Universal Primary Education policy implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda, The study tested the null hypothesis of non significant relationship between Parents’ perception and UPE policy implementation. A total population of 6600 parents was used and permitted to collect data from 377 respondents as a sample drawn from that population. The study employed descriptive survey, descriptive co-relational and purposive random sampling. The study also used computer programmes like Microsoft Excel and SPSS and findings were presented in frequency tables and means. Means And percentages were used to determine the profile of the respondents; the mean was used to determine the extent of parents’ perception and the level of UPE policy implementation. Pearson correlation was used to establish the relationship between parents’ perception and UPE policy implementation. The findings indicated that majority of the parents were between 31-40 years old and the majority of them were female as compared to male parents. Most of them had A and ordinary level of education. The level of parents’ perception on UPE policy was generally good with a mean of 3.21.The extent of UPE policy implementation was big with 2.56. It was found out that the level of parents’ perception on UPE was significantly correlated with the level of UPE policy implementation with 0.952 r-value. The System theory of Adepoji and Fabiyi was upheld by the findings of the study. V The identified gaps have been bridged such as Parents’ perception and UPE policy implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda which had not been investigated fully in Africa, particularly in Rwanda and very specifically in Rusizi District. The past studies were done in other areas rather than on UPE in RUSIZI. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that extensive monitoring and follow up by the Ministry of Education should be made and secondary Local leaders should do their best to bring about attitudinal change among the communities to support UPE.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGES

Declaration A

Declaration B ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Abstract v

Table of content ix

List of tables x

List of abbreviation xi

CHAPTER ONE: THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE

1.1 Background of the Study 1

1.1.1 Historical perspective 1

1.1.2 Theoretical perspective 2

1.1.3 Conceptual perspective 4

1.1.4 Contextual perspective 5

1.2 Statement of the problem 7

1.3 Purpose of the study 8

1.4 Research objectives 8

1.5 Research questions 9

1.6 Hypothesis 9

1.7 Scope 10

Geographical scope

Content scope

Time scope

Sample scope

1.8 Significance of the Study 11

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 11

2.0 Introduction 11

2.1 Theoretical Review 22

2.3 Conceptual framework 22

2.4 Related literature 27

CHAPTER THREE METHODOLOGY 31

3.0 Introduction 31

3.1 Research Design 31

3.2 Research Population 31

3.3 Sample Size 32

3.4 Sampling Procedure 32

3.5 Research Instrument 33

3.6 Validity and Reliability of the Instrument 33

3.7 Data Gathering Procedures 34

3.8 Data Analysis 35

3.9 Ethical Considerations 36

3.10 Limitations of the Study 36

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

4.1 Introduction 37

4.2 Data presentation,Analysis and interpretation 37

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION,CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Introduction 44

5.2 Discussion 44

5.3 Conclusions 51

5.4Recommendations 52

References 54

Appendkes 56

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APA

Consults, E. & Immaculée, B (2022). Parents Perception and Universal Primary Education Policy Implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/parents-perception-and-universal-primary-education-policy-implementation-in-rusizi-district-rwanda

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and BISENGIMANA Immaculée "Parents Perception and Universal Primary Education Policy Implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda" Afribary. Afribary, 16 Nov. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/parents-perception-and-universal-primary-education-policy-implementation-in-rusizi-district-rwanda. Accessed 07 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and BISENGIMANA Immaculée . "Parents Perception and Universal Primary Education Policy Implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda". Afribary, Afribary, 16 Nov. 2022. Web. 07 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/parents-perception-and-universal-primary-education-policy-implementation-in-rusizi-district-rwanda >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and Immaculée, BISENGIMANA . "Parents Perception and Universal Primary Education Policy Implementation in Rusizi District, Rwanda" Afribary (2022). Accessed December 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/parents-perception-and-universal-primary-education-policy-implementation-in-rusizi-district-rwanda