Performance Of Nigerian Newspapers In Selected Political Crisis Situations

SSA Research Raphael Olugbenga ABIMBOLA 196 PAGES (57019 WORDS) Thesis
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ABSTRACT

The press in a democratic setting sets the agenda for the society through news

reports, incisive features, editorials and commentaries. Previous studies on press

performance, especially during political crisis situations, concentrated more on the extent

of reports of such crises and rarely investigate the factors that influence the reportage. This

study, therefore, evaluated the performance of the Nigerian newspapers in their coverage of

selected political crisis situations in terms of magnitude and frames with a view to

identifying how ownership, editorial policies and other factors influenced such

performance.

The study was anchored on News Framing theory and it adopted the Propagandist,

Commercial laissez-faire and Public service models. The selected political crisis situations

covered the period between 2005 and 2011: President Obasanjo‘s alleged third-term

agenda; the constitutional crisis arising from President Yar‘Adua‘s absence from office and

the violent protests that greeted the 2011 presidential elections in the northern part of

Nigeria. Daily Trust, The Punch, The Guardian, Nigerian Tribune and The Sun were

purposively selected because of their locations and ownership. Five hundred editions were

selected through the systematic random sampling technique while ten editors of the

newspapers were purposively selected for in-depth interviews. A nine-item coding sheet

and a nine-item in-depth interview guide were the instruments of data collection.

Quantitative data were analysed using descriptive statistics, and chi-square at P=0.05 level

of significance. Explanation building through thematic approach was used to analyse the

qualitative data.

Yar‘adua‘s illness featured more in the newspapers with 37.0% reports than the

third-term agenda and election protests with 31.0% each.Small-sized reports were more

prominent than large-sized. The newspapers were more negative in framing election

protests (51.3%) and Yar‘adua‘s illness (45.4%) than the third-term agenda (37.2%). The

Daily Trust had more favourable reports on Yar‘adua‘s illness and third-term agenda,

while other newspapers had more negative reports on the issues. All the newspapers had

more negative reports on the election protests. There was a significant difference in the

framing of reports among the newspapers: Nigerian Tribune (x = 70.3), Daily Trust (x =

65.0), The Sun (χ = 64.8), The Guardian (x = 63.8), and The Punch (x = 60.1). There was

no significant relationship between the editorial policies and performance of the

newspapers. The performance rate across the five newspapers differed: Nigerian Tribune

(74.4%), The Guardian (71.1%), The Punch (55%), The Sun (51.8%) and the Daily Trust

(37.3%).However, the editors perceived that editorial policies, rather than ownership,

covertly guided the newspapers‘ operations during the political crisis situations. Ethnicity

or sectional interest, funding, production deadline and access to information were other

factors that influenced performance.

The performance of the newspapers during the political crisis situations varied

slightly in terms of magnitude and report framing due to editorial policies. To enhance

performance, newspapers should evolve editorial policies that will guarantee fair and

balanced report framing and put the public interest above the primordial, sectional and

commercial interests of the owners.

Key words: Nigerian newspapers, Political crisis situations, Newspapers performance,

Ownership of newspapers, News framing.

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APA

SSA, R (2021). Performance Of Nigerian Newspapers In Selected Political Crisis Situations. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 08, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-nigerian-newspapers-in-selected-political-crisis-situations-1

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "Performance Of Nigerian Newspapers In Selected Political Crisis Situations" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 12 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-nigerian-newspapers-in-selected-political-crisis-situations-1 . Accessed 08 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "Performance Of Nigerian Newspapers In Selected Political Crisis Situations". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 12 Apr. 2021. Web. 08 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-nigerian-newspapers-in-selected-political-crisis-situations-1 >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "Performance Of Nigerian Newspapers In Selected Political Crisis Situations" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 08, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/performance-of-nigerian-newspapers-in-selected-political-crisis-situations-1