Phlebovirus diversity in ticks from livestock in arid ecologies in Kenya

Abstract:

Phleboviruses are emerging pathogens of public health importance. However, their association with ticks is poorly described, particularly in Africa. Here, adult ticks infesting cattle, goats and sheep were collected in two dryland pastoralist ecosystems of Kenya (Baringo and Kajiado counties) and were screened for infection with phleboviruses. Ticks mainly belonged to the species Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, Hyalomma impeltatum, and Hyalomma rufipes. A fragment of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) gene was identified in thirty of 671 tick pools, of which twenty-nine were from livestock sampled in Baringo county. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that twenty-five sequences were falling in three clades within the group of tick-associated phleboviruses. The sequences of the three clades showed nucleotide distances 8%, 19% and 22%, respectively, to previously known viruses suggesting that these sequence fragments may belong to three distinct viruses. Viruses of the group of tick-associated phleboviruses have been found in several countries and continents but so far have not been associated with disease in humans or animals. In addition, five sequences were found to group with the sandfly-associated phleboviruses Bogoria virus, Perkerra virus and Ntepes virus recently detected in the same region. Further studies are needed to investigate the transmission and maintenance cycles of these viruses, as well as to assess their potential to infect vertebrates.
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APA

O, O (2024). Phlebovirus diversity in ticks from livestock in arid ecologies in Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/phlebovirus-diversity-in-ticks-from-livestock-in-arid-ecologies-in-kenya

MLA 8th

O, Ogola "Phlebovirus diversity in ticks from livestock in arid ecologies in Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/phlebovirus-diversity-in-ticks-from-livestock-in-arid-ecologies-in-kenya. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

O, Ogola . "Phlebovirus diversity in ticks from livestock in arid ecologies in Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/phlebovirus-diversity-in-ticks-from-livestock-in-arid-ecologies-in-kenya >.

Chicago

O, Ogola . "Phlebovirus diversity in ticks from livestock in arid ecologies in Kenya" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/phlebovirus-diversity-in-ticks-from-livestock-in-arid-ecologies-in-kenya