‘Political gladiators’ on Facebook in Zimbabwe: a discursive analysis of intra– Zimbabwe African National Union – PF cyber wars; Baba Jukwa versus Amai Jukwa

Abstract

Social media have been hailed as liberative in contexts of political repression. In

Zimbabwe, there are emergent debates on the possibilities of using Facebook to

‘democratise’ political space. But the use of Facebook to settle personal political scores

or to relentlessly attack political opposition seemed to have escaped academic scrutiny.

This study looks at the use of Facebook by opposing camps in Zimbabwe’s July 2013

election to attack each other, as well as the challenges posed by this scenario. It looks

at Baba Jukwa and Amai Jukwa’s pages on Facebook. The study is grounded in the

concepts of freedom of expression, the public sphere and democracy. Semiotic analysis

and critical discourse analysis were used to analyse the posts by Baba Jukwa and Amai

Jukwa. The study sought to explore how the Internet’s liberative potential enhanced by

free entry and exit and the ability to remain anonymous impacts on Baba Jukwa and Amai

Jukwa’s discourses on Facebook. It revealed that the two pages make use of personal

attacks on ‘targets’, and the resultant polarisation is often mirrored in the mainstream

media. The study concludes that even though Facebook provides an alternative public

sphere, it can also be ‘pulverised’ by irrational debates.

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APA

Chibuwe, A (2021). ‘Political gladiators’ on Facebook in Zimbabwe: a discursive analysis of intra– Zimbabwe African National Union – PF cyber wars; Baba Jukwa versus Amai Jukwa. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/political-gladiators-on-facebook-in-zimbabwe-a-discursive-analysis-of-intra-zimbabwe-african-national-union-pf-cyber-wars-baba-jukwa-versus-amai-jukwa

MLA 8th

Chibuwe, Albert "‘Political gladiators’ on Facebook in Zimbabwe: a discursive analysis of intra– Zimbabwe African National Union – PF cyber wars; Baba Jukwa versus Amai Jukwa" Afribary. Afribary, 05 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/political-gladiators-on-facebook-in-zimbabwe-a-discursive-analysis-of-intra-zimbabwe-african-national-union-pf-cyber-wars-baba-jukwa-versus-amai-jukwa. Accessed 27 May. 2024.

MLA7

Chibuwe, Albert . "‘Political gladiators’ on Facebook in Zimbabwe: a discursive analysis of intra– Zimbabwe African National Union – PF cyber wars; Baba Jukwa versus Amai Jukwa". Afribary, Afribary, 05 May. 2021. Web. 27 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/political-gladiators-on-facebook-in-zimbabwe-a-discursive-analysis-of-intra-zimbabwe-african-national-union-pf-cyber-wars-baba-jukwa-versus-amai-jukwa >.

Chicago

Chibuwe, Albert . "‘Political gladiators’ on Facebook in Zimbabwe: a discursive analysis of intra– Zimbabwe African National Union – PF cyber wars; Baba Jukwa versus Amai Jukwa" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 27, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/political-gladiators-on-facebook-in-zimbabwe-a-discursive-analysis-of-intra-zimbabwe-african-national-union-pf-cyber-wars-baba-jukwa-versus-amai-jukwa