Introduction: Globally, antibiotic use in humans increased by 36% from 2000 to 2010, of
which 50% was regarded as inappropriate use. There is high prevalence of antibiotic use in
Ghana which is associated with inappropriate use. Whilst antibiotics use in developed countries
reduced by 4% between 2000 and 2015 there was 75% increase in low and middle income
countries during the same period. This may increase the potential for resistance developing
against the antibiotics which may pose a great threat to public health.
Objectives: This study assessed prescription practices and pattern of antibiotics use in patients
attending the Princess Marie Louise children’s hospital in Accra, Ghana.
Methods: Folders of patients who had accessed care at the Princess Marie Children’s Hospital
from 1st January 2013 to the 31st December 2015 were selected and reviewed. The antibiotic
prescription practices and patterns in the hospital were assessed using the WHO guideline for
assessing the average number of medicines prescribed per encounter, prescription by generic
name, injections and prescription from the national essential medicine list. During assessment, descriptive analysis was made. Relationship between antibiotic use and indicators like
diagnosis, age of patient and sex of patient were also analysed using the Pearson chi squared
test. A pretested questionnaire was administered to prescribers to assess adherence to the
Standard Treatment Guideline.
Results: Out of the 422 folders reviewed Amoksiklav was the highest prescribed antibiotic
(145) (34.7%) followed by Cefuroxime (98) (23.2%) and Augmentin (95) (22.5%). The major
indication for antibiotic prescription was Upper Respiratory Tract Infection (146/422)
Coalition, C. & DUAH, N (2021). Prescription Practices And Patterns Of Antibiotics Used In Children Attending The Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/prescription-practices-and-patterns-of-antibiotics-used-in-children-attending-the-princess-marie-louise-children-s-hospital
Coalition, CDR, and NYARKO DUAH "Prescription Practices And Patterns Of Antibiotics Used In Children Attending The Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/prescription-practices-and-patterns-of-antibiotics-used-in-children-attending-the-princess-marie-louise-children-s-hospital. Accessed 30 Jun. 2022.
Coalition, CDR, and NYARKO DUAH . "Prescription Practices And Patterns Of Antibiotics Used In Children Attending The Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 30 Jun. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/prescription-practices-and-patterns-of-antibiotics-used-in-children-attending-the-princess-marie-louise-children-s-hospital >.
Coalition, CDR and DUAH, NYARKO . "Prescription Practices And Patterns Of Antibiotics Used In Children Attending The Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/prescription-practices-and-patterns-of-antibiotics-used-in-children-attending-the-princess-marie-louise-children-s-hospital