Background: Diseases of the gallbladder are common and its management is costly. The best
epidemiological screening method to accurately determine point prevalence of gallstones disease
is ultrasonography. Symptomatic gallstones present with characteristic right upper quadrant
discomfort or pain (biliary colic).Many risk factors for cholesterol gallstones formation are not
modifiable such as ethnic background, increasing age, female gender and family history or
genetics. Conversely, the modifiable risks for cholesterol gallstones are obesity, rapid weight
loss and a sedentary lifestyle. The rising epidemic of obesity and the metabolic syndrome
predicts an escalation of cholesterol gallstones frequency. Worldwide risk factors for biliary
sludge include pregnancy, drugs like ceftiaxone, octreotide and thiazide diuretics, and total
parenteral nutrition or fasting. Diseases like cirrhosis, chronic hemolysis and ileal Crohn's
disease have been identified worldwide as risk for black pigment stones. The risk factors
associated with gallstones in the Ghanaian context is however yet to be determined.
Aim: The aim of this research study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of
symptomatic gallstones among Ghanaian patients in three hospitals in Accra.
Methods: Using a quantitative cross sectional method, 100 patients aged more than 20 years
were enrolled by convenient sampling method in April 2014 .They answered questionnaire
pertaining to symptoms of gallstones, diet and environmental factors. Subsequently
ultrasonography was performed in all the 100 participants with right upper quadrant abdominal
pains using Toshiba Aplio 300 ultrasound scanner with a curvilinear transducer of frequency 5.0
MHz, 2005 make. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 13.
Eastern Network, L (2021). Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Symptomatic Gallbladder Stone Disease Using Ultrasonography. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 08, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-disease-using-ultrasonography
Library, Eastern Network. "Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Symptomatic Gallbladder Stone Disease Using Ultrasonography" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 09 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-disease-using-ultrasonography . Accessed 08 May. 2021.
Library, Eastern Network. "Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Symptomatic Gallbladder Stone Disease Using Ultrasonography". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 09 Apr. 2021. Web. 08 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-disease-using-ultrasonography >.
Library, Eastern Network. "Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Symptomatic Gallbladder Stone Disease Using Ultrasonography" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 08, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-symptomatic-gallbladder-stone-disease-using-ultrasonography