Research Papers/Topics in Medical Ultrasonography

Characterization Of Breast Fibroadenoma Using Ultrasonography

AbstractBreast fibroadenomas are common benign breast tumors and detailed descriptions of their sonographic appearances are necessary for differential diagnosis from other benign lesions or breast cancers.The main objective of this study was to evaluate the sonographic criteria of breast fibroadenoma. The data was collected from Khartoum breast center. A total of 50 women their ages between 17-36 years with palpable breast lump diagnosed by histopathology as fibroadenoma were scanned by ultra...

Measurement of the Uterus size in Nulliparous and Multiparous Sudanese women using Ultrasonography

This is a descriptive study to estimate the normal size of the uterus in Sudanese women and to compare the same variables amongst nulliparous vs multiparous ones. It was carried out in Khartoum state, during the period from September toOctober 2018. The study is done for 50 women age between 20-50 years 28 of women (56%) were nulliparous and 22 women (44%) were multiparous and excluded womenwith uterine pathology, pregnancy and those below the age of 20 and above 50 y...

Assessment of the Relationship between Placental Location and Fetal Gender using Ultrasonography

The aim of the study was to determine the role of ultrasound in relationship between placental location and fetal gender in second and third trimester of pregnancy. An analytic, observational study was performed at multi-centers and hospitals in Khartoum state, during the period from (June-Sep2016). The study excluded congenital abnormal uterus, multiple pregnancies in normal uterus and fetal demises, congenital fetal anomalies, technical factors make fetal ...

Detection Some of Abortion Causes using Ultrasonography

This is adescriptive study conducted in Bashaer hospital Khartoum city(Sudan).from may to August 2016. The main aim to assess the causes and incidence of . abortion using U/S A total of (50) patients were scanned using TRAultrasound machine, all of them suffering from abortion. Study was reveled that the highest incidence of abortion was incomplete abortion ( 56%) followed by complete abortion ( 24%) and then missed and threatened .abortion (10%) equall...

Relationship between Gestational Age and Placenta Thickness during Third Trimester

The purpose of this study to estimate the correlation between placenta thickness (PT) and fetal age(FA) in normal pregnant women. The study was done on 50 normal pregnant in third trimester. The data used in the study collected in Saudi Maternity Hospital in Omdurman during 2016. The used ultrasound machine with a frequency 3.5MHz convex probe.The results of the study showed that there is a positive correlation between placenta thickness and gestational age (GA) ...

Association Between Breech Presentation And Demographic Variables: Case Studies At The 37 Military Hospital

ABSTRACT Background: There has been an increase in caesarean sections due to complications, which include malpresentation of foetus. Despite the good outcomes of present day caesarean sections, expectant mothers diagnosed with breech presentation still experience great turmoil. The risk factors provided by literature for the occurrence of breech presentation are many and varied. However, some factors such as maternal age and number of pregnancies are common to all. Aim: The aim of the ...

Establishing A Relationship Between Uterine Myoma And Thyroid Nodules Using Medical Ultrasonographic Pattern Approach.

ABSTRACT Background: Every cell in the body depends on the thyroid hormones for regulation of their metabolism. About 5-10% of thyroid nodules are suggested to be malignant. Many philosophies explain myoma growth through different pathways and most make mention of estrogen as a contributor. Estrogen is known to have influence on thyroid function, and suspected to have a role in formation of thyroid nodules. Estrogen receptors have been found in normal and neoplastic thyroid tissue...

Establishing A Relationship Between Uterine Myoma And Thyroid Nodules Using Medical Ultrasonographic Pattern Approach

ABSTRACT Background: Every cell in the body depends on the thyroid hormones for regulation of their metabolism. About 5-10% of thyroid nodules are suggested to be malignant. Many philosophies explain myoma growth through different pathways and most make mention of estrogen as a contributor. Estrogen is known to have influence on thyroid function, and suspected to have a role in formation of thyroid nodules. Estrogen receptors have been found in normal and neoplastic thyroid tissue...

Sonographic Determination Of Prevalence Of Thyroid Pathology Among Asymptomatic Health Workers Of Volta Regional Hospital, Ho

ABSTRACT Background: Ultrasonography is now the preferred imaging modality in diagnosing thyroid pathology because it is widely available, affordable, and easy to use.  Apart from detecting more nodules than palpation, it is able to classify the nodules and also measure thyroid volume. Thyroid pathology detection is up to 8% by palpation, 13 to 65% by ultrasound, and up to 50% by autopsy studies, Aim: The aim of this study was to sonographically determine the prevalence of thyroid ...

Determining Best Regressional Model in Predicting Foetal Weight in Philips Clearview 350 Ultrasound Equipment

ABSTRACT Background: Earlier investigations have demonstrated that the accuracy of foetal weight estimation is significantly higher if several ultrasonic foetal parameters are measured, because the total body mass depends on the size of foetal head, abdominal circumference and femur length. Aim: This study aimed to determine the best ultrasound regression models that use the common foetal biometric measurements in predicting foetal weight for normal singleton pregnancies in ClearVue 35...

Comparative Study Of Pregnancy Dating By Symphysisfundal Height Measurement And Ultrasound Scanning In Kumasi Metropolis

ABSTRACT Background: Gestational age (GA) assessment is an essential tool used to monitor the proper growth and development of fetuses. Obstetricians therefore depend on estimated GA to correctly diagnose either pre-term or post-term labour and to distinguish between preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction. Aim: The aim of study was to evaluate the accuracy of symphysis-fundal height (SFH) in comparison to ultrasound scan for the assessment of gestational age. Methodology: Th...

Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Symptomatic Gallbladder Stone Disease Using Ultrasonography

ABSTRACT Background: Diseases of the gallbladder are common and its management is costly. The best epidemiological screening method to accurately determine point prevalence of gallstones disease is ultrasonography. Symptomatic gallstones present with characteristic right upper quadrant discomfort or pain (biliary colic).Many risk factors for cholesterol gallstones formation are not modifiable such as ethnic background, increasing age, female gender and family history or genetics. Conver...

Trans-Abdominal Ultrasound Imaging in Men Presenting with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in A Ghanaian Population

ABSTRACT Background: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are a common condition in elderly men. Male LUTS were once called ‘prostatism’ because LUTS in men were thought to be caused primarily by benign prostatic enlargement (BPE). The BPE is a common health problem that affects elderly men worldwide.  Aim: The study sought to investigate the correlation between the trans-abdominal ultrasound measurement of the transverse anterior to posterior (AP) and transverse diameter of...