PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PRACTICING RADIOGRAPHERS IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH, NOHE, ESUTH AND FETHA)

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ABSTRACT
 
This study on the prevalence of low back pain among practicing radiographers in government hospitals, was done in Enugu and Ebonyi States. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence low back pain among the practicing radiographers, the risk factors that could be causal to low back pain among the radiographers and to compare low back pain among radiographers in Enugu and Ebonyi states. Some research has been done to investigate this prevalence among radiographers internationally, though; a lot of works have been done on the nursing personnel.This cross-sectional study used questionnaire developed by the researcher to obtain the necessary information on the working hours, the tasks performed by the radiographers, working years, job satisfaction and stress, possible causes and prevalence of low back pain among the practicing radiographers in government hospitals in Enugu and Ebonyi States. A total of 62 questionnaires were distributed, but 55 questionnaires were collected and were used for the study. Associations between personal factors, the tasks performed and the prevalence  and severity of low back  pain were explored through statistical analysis. The study showed that much number of the practicing radiographers had suffered and are presently suffering from low back pain as at the time the research was done. The study also showed that a lot of factors were discovered to be causal to low back pain among the practicing radiographers. They are job (tasks performed by the radiographers), pregnancy, stress and posture. It showed that radiographers within the age range (31-40 years) reported of suffering from and as well had low back pain. The length of time spent, that is the working hours in the department contributed to low back pain among the practicing radiographers. Gender played a role in this study; more male radiographers suffered low back pain than their female counterparts.
New technologies will help prevent radiographers from unnecessary bending and twisting during procedures. Evidence- based strategies will help radiographers in carrying out procedures in this 21st century. Personal health consciousness will guide the radiographers who work from one hospital to the other.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page  ---------i
Approval page-------ii
Certification --------iii
Dedication ---------iv
Acknowledgement-------v
Abstract ---------vi
Table of Content--------viii
List of table -------x
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 Introduction-------1
1.2 Statement of Problem     ------3
1.3 Objective of the Study ------3
1.4 Significance of Study  ------3
1.5 Scope of Study -------4
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature Review-------5
CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design-------23
3.2 Population of the Study------23
3.2.1 Sample Size Determination and Distribution--23
3.2.2 Sampling Technique------23
3.3 Instrument and Method of Data Collection---23
3.4 Method of Data Analysis------26
CHAPTER FOUR
Data Presentation Analysis------27`
CHAPTER FIVE
5.1 Discussion of Findings ------35
5.2 Summary of Findings ------37
5.3 Recommendations-------38
5.4 Conclusion  -------38
5.5 Limitation of Study  -----   39
5.6 Further Studies -------39
References
Appendix

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: The demographic data of the respondents  ------------------------------ 27
Table 2: The prevalence of low back pain among the respondents  --------- 29
Table 3: Task   performed by radiographers ------------------------------------ 31
Table 4: Risk factors of low back pain ------------------------------------------- 33
Table 5: Comparison of the prevalence of low back pain among radiographers in Enugu and Ebonyi State   -----34

INTRODUCTION

Low back pain  (LBP) is defined as a musculoskeletal disorder that is to be due  to a sprain or stain in the muscles and soft tissues of the back1. It is a disorder with many possible aetiologies, occurring in different groups, and is also a common health condition in working populations. Intensification of work, changes in scheduling and organization of the workplace, rising demands on employees as well as new technologies lead to situations characterized by additional pressure and stress. As a result, more and more occupational or work related diseases have appeared such as musculoskeletal  problems, stress, occupational burnout, chronic exhaustion and depression2.
Low back pain occurs more frequently in men while some women may experience it due to certain medical conditions such as pregnancy, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, ovarian cancer, or uterine fibroid3.
The prevalence of low back pain can be extensively managed  engaging in physical activities such as massage, stretching and exercises, which limits the pain and aids in recovery. Exercises restores motion and strength to lower back and can be helpful in preventing further episodes of low back pain4.
In Nigeria, radiographers are employed in hospitals and radiology services, whose duties are in diagnostic imaging examination, including diagnostic or conventional radiography, computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, radiotherapy, ultransonography and mammography. Radiographers’ tasks include preparing the patients for the radiological examination, positioning and immobilizing them on examination table, positioning radiographic equipment over the appropriate area of patient’s body, and in some cases developing X-ray films.
Thus, work tasks performed by radiographers  frequently involve manual handling of patients and equipment.  Manual handling is an important risk factor in occupational musculoskeletal disorders of healthcare workers; for example, a high prevalence of low back pain has been reported among nurses5. Similarly, recent studies have shown occupational musculoskeletal disorders to be a common problem among radiographers, with high prevalence rates for low back (60% to 75%), problem6.
However to my knowledge, limited data have been reported concerning low back pain among practicing radiographers in government hospitals in Nigeria and particularly in Enugu and Ebonyi States, which were therefore the subjects of this study.
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APA

Ugwu, A. (2018). PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PRACTICING RADIOGRAPHERS IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH, NOHE, ESUTH AND FETHA). Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-among-practicing-radiographers-in-enugu-and-ebonyi-states-a-case-study-of-unth-nohe-esuth-and-fetha-9947

MLA 8th

Ugwu, Anderson "PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PRACTICING RADIOGRAPHERS IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH, NOHE, ESUTH AND FETHA)" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-among-practicing-radiographers-in-enugu-and-ebonyi-states-a-case-study-of-unth-nohe-esuth-and-fetha-9947. Accessed 26 Nov. 2022.

MLA7

Ugwu, Anderson . "PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PRACTICING RADIOGRAPHERS IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH, NOHE, ESUTH AND FETHA)". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 26 Nov. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-among-practicing-radiographers-in-enugu-and-ebonyi-states-a-case-study-of-unth-nohe-esuth-and-fetha-9947 >.

Chicago

Ugwu, Anderson . "PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PRACTICING RADIOGRAPHERS IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH, NOHE, ESUTH AND FETHA)" Afribary (2018). Accessed November 26, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-among-practicing-radiographers-in-enugu-and-ebonyi-states-a-case-study-of-unth-nohe-esuth-and-fetha-9947