Research Papers/Topics in Medical Radiography And Radiological Sciences

Sonographic Prevalence of Gallstone among Adult Subjects in Nnewi Anambra State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT  Gallbladder stones are sometimes silent disease and often neglected, and could cause life threatening medical complications when it manifests clinically. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of gallbladder stone in the adult population of Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria. A cross sectional study was conducted during a period of 34 months; from June, 2011 to April, 2014. A convenience sample of 3501 consecutive consenting subjects who met the inclusion criteria was eval...

Estimation of Ocular Axial Length using Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technique among Adults in Jos Metropolis, North-Central Nigeria

ABSTRACT The purposes of this study are to generate an indigenous normogram for ocular axial lengths in a Nigerian population, determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between the right and left eye and among different adult age groups. The study will also determine whether there are differences in axial lengths between males and females and possible racial differences between Nigerians and Caucasians. This prospective, cross sectional study involving one hundred (100) Nigeri...

Sonographic Estimation of Gestational Age by Placental Thickness among Pregnant Women in Enugu, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Gestational age (GA) estimation is an important aspect of routine obstetrics scanning. Fetal parameters like femur length, biparietal diameter head circumference and abdominal circumference have many pit falls especially as pregnancy advances in age. Hence, there is need to estimate GA with placental thickness especially in the second and third trimesters when other fetal parameters may not be reliable. The aim of this study was to assess placental thickness as a sonographic index f...

Evaluation of Cervical Spondylosis Using 0.2 Tesla Axial T2 and Axial 3d Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of axial T2 and axial 3D FIESTA magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences in the evaluation of cervical spondylosis.The specific objectives were to: (i) compare the accuracy of axial T2 and axial 3D FIESTA MRI sequences in the diagnosis of cervical spondylosis, (ii) compare the quality of images (signal-tonoise ratio, contrast-to-noise ratio and artefact due to flow) produced from both sequences and (iii) ascertain the associatio...

Assessment of Prostate Volume and Prostate Specific Antigen Among Apparently Healthy Adult Males in Port Harcourt, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at establishing a relationship between prostate volume (PV) and prostate specific antigen (PSA).This was a cross-sectional survey design involving 500 asymptomatic male subjects aged 30-45 years in Port Harcourt, South-South, Nigeria between January, 2014 and October, 2015. This was conducted with a view to establish the basis for inferences when screening the populations for benign prostatic hyperplasia and other prostatic pathologies such as prostatitis and pro...

Biometry of the Corpus Callosum in an Adult Nigerian Population Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ABSTRACT This was a prospective cross-sectional survey study conducted in the Radio diagnostic Department of National Hospital Abuja from June 2013 to January 2014 on 210 cases (111 males and 99 females). The specific objectives were to determine the: (i) biometric values of corpus callosum in an adult Nigerian population, (ii) differences in corpus callosal biometry among different sexes and (iii) relationship between age, body mass index and corpus callosal biometry.The following findings w...

Texture Characterization of Stroke Lesions in Noncontrast Computed Tomography Images of Nigerian Patients

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to characterize stroke lesions and normal brain tissue in computed tomography (CT) images of Nigerian patients using statistical texture descriptors, and to identify the class of texture descriptor that is most suitable for computer-aided diagnosis of stroke. Non-contrast CT images of 164 stroke patients were obtained in contiguous slices from the base of the skull to the vertex from two private radiodiagnostic centres. Initially, two experienced radiologist...

Sonographic Assessment of Urolithiasis in University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT Background. The prevalence of urolithiasis varies according to geographic areas. Urolithiasis is the third most common urological disease with many complications including renal failure. The prevalence is on the rise in Nigeria due to several epidemiological factors including high environmental temperature. There is paucity of documented scientific study on the prevalence of urolithiasis in the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital within the Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Objec...

Sonographic Correlation Of Fetal Neck Circumference And Area With Gestational Age Among Pregnant Women In Portharcourt, Nigeria.

Fetal gestational age calculation has been found to be influenced by differences in race. Discrepancy has been noted on previous studies done on fetal neck circumference and area measurements which were attributed to racial difference. This study was aimed at correlating fetal neck circumference and area with common gestational age predictors in second and third trimesters and to determine whether there is racial difference between Nigerians and Caucasians.  This prospective cross sectional...

Radiographic Finding of Cerebral Angiogram

The study was a retrospective study of angiographic findings in ICA prpblems ,thisstudy was conducted in Khartoum state of Sudan in Royal international Hospital Astrok nd Vascular Center from March 2016 to February 2017 ,the problem of the study was the increasing in ICA problems in various age ,the study was aimed to find out the finding of cerebral angiogram , and identify whether Angography can leading to accurate diagnoses of cerebral diseases ,the data was collected from 45 patient...

Evaluation Of Cervical Spondylosis Using 0.2 Tesla Axial T2 And Axial 3d Fiesta Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sequences

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of axial T2 and axial 3D FIESTA magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences in the evaluation of cervical spondylosis.The specific objectives were to: (i) compare the accuracy of axial T2 and axial 3D FIESTA MRI sequences in the diagnosis of cervical spondylosis, (ii) compare the quality of images (signal-tonoise ratio, contrast-to-noise ratio and artefact due to flow) produced from both sequences and (iii) ascertain the associati...

Sonographic Investigation Of The Effect Of Gongronema Latifolium On Gastric Emptying Of Semi - Solid Meals In Healthy, Diabetic And Gastroparetic Dogs

ABSTRACT Gongronema latifolium is an edible tropical rainforest plant traditionally used as a spice, staple vegetable and in the treatment and management of diabetes. Extensive studies have established its hypoglycaemic effect. However, scanty information is available on the mechanism by which it exerts its hypoglycaemic effect. Studies have noted the presence of saponin in G. latifolium, a component noted to affect gastric emptying (GE). Presently, the possible effect of G. latifolium on GE...

Sonographic Assessment of the Size and Parenchymal Echo Texture of the Spleen among Sickle Cell Disease Patients at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Nigeria

Abstract Regional variations in splenic size and spleen parenchymal echo-texture among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients have been documented in various publications. The objectives of this study were to: determine and compare the spleen size of SCD patients with those of the control; characterize the spleen parenchymal echo-texture of SCD patients; and ascertain the relationships of age, height and weight with the spleen sizes of SCD patients and the controls. This was a cross sectional pr...

Evaluation of First trimester Vaginal bleeding Ultrasound Imaging

This study is analytic and descriptive study done in the Western Kordofan Town of Elnohud in the period from June 2016 to September 2016, to evaluate first trimester pregnancy with vaginal bleeding by using gray scale ultrasound. The main purpose of this study is to determine the causes of first trimester vaginal bleeding and to correlate between patient age ,gravids and ultrasound findings. This study used the Universal Protocol in the work of ultrasound for first trimester pregnancy...

Determination of Normal Splenic Dimensions on Computed tomography Images in Sudanese Population

Spleen is enlarged in a variety of clinical conditions including infectious, infiltrative, immunologic and malignant states. Evaluation of splenic size is important in every physical examination of the abdomen by a physician.Determination of its size by palpation can be extremely inaccurate because spleen is never palpable till it is enlarged 2 to 3 times its own size. The accurate diagnosis of splenic enlargement is a matter of considerable importance as it is a useful guide for arrivin...


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