Psycho-Socio And Remand Home Related Factors As Determinants Of Recidivism Among Juvenile Offenders In Oyo And Lagos States, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Juvenile involvement in antisocial activities after reformation is on the increase in Nigeria, largely due to ineffective rehabilitation. Most juvenile offenders relapse into recidivism as a result of public rejection and realities of meeting up with their daily living, because they are early school leavers who had not learnt any trade before they were sent for correction. Previous studies on juvenile recidivism focused on juvenile justice administration, empowering youths in remand homes against risk taking behaviour with little emphasis on psycho-socio and remand home related factors predisposing them to recidivism. This study, therefore, investigated psycho-(Self-esteem), Socio-(family background, peer influence, media content) and remand home related factors (deviant peers, hard treatment in the correctional centre, lack of care), as determinants of recidivism among juvenile offenders in Oyo and Lagos states, Nigeria. The study was guided by differential association, strain and labelling theories, while descriptive survey design was adopted. Respondents were: 150, 115 and 192 inmates from Ibadan (Oyo State), Idi Araba and Oregun (Lagos State), making a total of 457 juvenile offenders. Family background (r=0.83); Media contents (r=0.85); Peer influence (r=0.75); Remand home factors (r=0.73); Recidivism (r=0.73); Self-esteem (r=0.82) scales were used. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics, Pearson product moment correlation and Multiple regression at 0.05 level of significance. Six sessions of focus group discussion were conducted with juvenile offenders and were content analysed. Sixty-one percent of juvenile offenders were boys, while 39.39% of the juvenile offenders were females. Family background (r=0.45), peer influence (r=0.54), self-esteem (r=-0.05) remand home factors (r=0.13), media content (r=0.65) correlated significantly with recidivism. The F value ratio of the result (F(5.446)= 89.60; p

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APA

Ofodile, C (2021). Psycho-Socio And Remand Home Related Factors As Determinants Of Recidivism Among Juvenile Offenders In Oyo And Lagos States, Nigeria. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/psycho-socio-and-remand-home-related-factors-as-determinants-of-recidivism-among-juvenile-offenders-in-oyo-and-lagos-states-nigeria

MLA 8th

Ofodile, Comfort "Psycho-Socio And Remand Home Related Factors As Determinants Of Recidivism Among Juvenile Offenders In Oyo And Lagos States, Nigeria" Afribary. Afribary, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/psycho-socio-and-remand-home-related-factors-as-determinants-of-recidivism-among-juvenile-offenders-in-oyo-and-lagos-states-nigeria. Accessed 21 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

Ofodile, Comfort . "Psycho-Socio And Remand Home Related Factors As Determinants Of Recidivism Among Juvenile Offenders In Oyo And Lagos States, Nigeria". Afribary, Afribary, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 21 Jul. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/psycho-socio-and-remand-home-related-factors-as-determinants-of-recidivism-among-juvenile-offenders-in-oyo-and-lagos-states-nigeria >.

Chicago

Ofodile, Comfort . "Psycho-Socio And Remand Home Related Factors As Determinants Of Recidivism Among Juvenile Offenders In Oyo And Lagos States, Nigeria" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 21, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/psycho-socio-and-remand-home-related-factors-as-determinants-of-recidivism-among-juvenile-offenders-in-oyo-and-lagos-states-nigeria