Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more

Abstract

We undertook this study to identify the risk factors and prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in HIV-positive and HIV-negative diarrhea patients in the Alice rural settlement in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. A total of 180 stool specimens (35 HIV-positive diarrhea, 125 HIV-negative diarrhea patients, and 20 apparently healthy subjects) were screened for cryptosporidiosis using an ELISA-based approach. Sociodemographic information, water supply, and animal contact were recorded for diarrhea-positive patients. The data were analyzed using Pearson ’ s χ2 -test and Fisher ’ s exact test. Cryptosporidium antigen was detected in 122 of 180 specimens (overall prevalence = 67.8 % ). In HIV-positive diarrhea patients, the age groups 31 – 43 years (mean age 36.5 years) and 70 – 82 years (mean age 75.8 years) had a higher prevalence (100 % ) of the antigen than age groups 18 – 30 years (mean age 23.2 years) and 83 – 95 years (mean age 88.8 years) (50.0 % ). In HIV-negative diarrhea patients, the prevalence was highest (87.5 % ) at ages 18 – 30 years (mean age 23.2 years) and lowest (35.7 % ) at ages 83 – 95 years (mean age 88.8 years). Cryptosporidium antigenemia was slightly higher in females (78.2 % , mean age 46.7 years) than in males (71.1 % , mean age 42.6 years), but the difference was not significant (p > 0.05). No apparently healthy control subject was infected with Cryptosporidium . HIV-negative patients had a significantly higher prevalence of antigen than HIV-positive patients, with farm animals considered a possible risk factor

Subscribe to access this work and thousands more
Save
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

Omoruyi, B., 1, B , 1, F , , N , 1, E , Clarke, A , , 2 & , * (2022). Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/rev-eenvironmental-and-demographic-risk-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-the-alice-rural-settlements-of-the-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-a-pilot

MLA 8th

Omoruyi, Beauty E, et. al. "Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s" Afribary. Afribary, 28 Oct. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/rev-eenvironmental-and-demographic-risk-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-the-alice-rural-settlements-of-the-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-a-pilot. Accessed 07 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

Omoruyi, Beauty E, Beauty 1 , Fredrick 1 , Noxolo , Ezekiel 1 , Anna Clarke , 2 and * . "Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s". Afribary, Afribary, 28 Oct. 2022. Web. 07 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/rev-eenvironmental-and-demographic-risk-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-the-alice-rural-settlements-of-the-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-a-pilot >.

Chicago

Omoruyi, Beauty E, Beauty 1 , Fredrick 1 , Noxolo , Ezekiel 1 , Anna Clarke , 2 and * . "Environmental and demographic risk factors associated with the prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection in the Alice rural settlements of the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa: a pilot s" Afribary (2022). Accessed December 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/rev-eenvironmental-and-demographic-risk-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-cryptosporidium-infection-in-the-alice-rural-settlements-of-the-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa-a-pilot