Saving Habits And Use of Savings Among Households in GA East Municipality

Abstract

It is a clear and undisputable fact that savings is of great value to a nation’s growth and development. Mobilizing both domestic and international savings is necessary if any society can proceed into ‘self-sustaining economic growth’. Higher savings has been proven to precede economic growth. Therefore the analysis of saving is the analysis of issues of growth and development. This study therefore sought to examine the savings habit of households using the GLSS 5 data with much emphasis on the various factors that predict the level of savings. It also sought to examine the expectations, motives and uses of savings using the data from a household survey in Ga-East municipality in the Greater Accra Region because such data were not captured in the GLSS 5 data. Semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect data from 200 household heads from eight communities in the districts. Multivariate regression analysis (binary logistic and OLS) were used to understand the factors that influence the possibility of holding a savings account and the level of savings of households. Cross tabs, frequencies, percentages, chi square test and mean test were also used to examine the associations and the level of significance that might exist between them. Analysis of the GLSS 5 data showed that the predictors of the likelihood that an individual will hold a savings account were income, locality, NHIS registration, place of accommodation, sex, age and education. Thus as income increased people held more savings account and those living in the urban areas were more likely to have savings account that people in the rural areas. Also those registered under the NHIS held more savings account that those who were not registered and those living in rented apartment held more savings account than those living in their own homes or in rented-free apartments. Females also held more savings account than males and as age increased, the possibility to hold a savings account also increased till it reaches 39 years beyond which it begins to fall. Thus, there exist a non-linear relationship between age and the probability to hold savings account. As people increased their level of educational attainment from primary through secondary to tertiary, the possibility to hold savings account also increased. The determinants of the level of savings on the other hand were income, locality, sector of employment, NHIS registration, age, education, household size and marital status. Thus as income increased the mean savings also increased and those living in the urban areas saved higher than those in the rural areas. Those working in the formal sector saved higher than those who were not and those registered under the NHIS also saved higher than those who were not registered. Savings increased with age and the highest savings was recorded at 31 years beyond which savings begun to decline. A non-linear relationship also exists between age and mean savings. As people increased their level of educational attainment, their mean savings also increased and as the number of household size increased, the level of savings decreased. Married couples also saved higher than singles. The study also found that majority of the people did not know whether their future income were going to increase or fall in the future but savings was higher for those who knew because majority of them had higher levels of education and were engaged in formal sector employment. Many household heads had planned motives for saving; acquiring household asset, unexpected expenditures, children future education, purchase business asset, retirement among many others. However, after saving, they used majority of their savings for unplanned medical expenses, unplanned funeral or marriage functions before the planned educational expenses, investment and household asset acquisition which formed the primary basis for the savings. Thus unplanned expenditures tend to take the bulk of people savings than the planned expenditures. The study therefore recommended for government policies to be geared towards subsidizing the cost of higher education since it induced higher savings. Also sensitization programs on NHIS should be intensified to enable many people to enroll on the program since those registered with the scheme had higher savings and people first use of savings was unplanned medical expenditures. 

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APA

Michael, K (2021). Saving Habits And Use of Savings Among Households in GA East Municipality. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/saving-habits-and-use-of-savings-among-households-in-ga-east-municipality

MLA 8th

Michael, Kodom "Saving Habits And Use of Savings Among Households in GA East Municipality" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/saving-habits-and-use-of-savings-among-households-in-ga-east-municipality. Accessed 29 May. 2024.

MLA7

Michael, Kodom . "Saving Habits And Use of Savings Among Households in GA East Municipality". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Apr. 2021. Web. 29 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/saving-habits-and-use-of-savings-among-households-in-ga-east-municipality >.

Chicago

Michael, Kodom . "Saving Habits And Use of Savings Among Households in GA East Municipality" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 29, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/saving-habits-and-use-of-savings-among-households-in-ga-east-municipality