Screening For Foot And Mouth Disease Virus In Buffaloes And Cattle In Selected Livestock-Wildlife Interface Areas Of Tanzania

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ABSTRACT

Rapid and accurate diagnosis is paramount in understanding the infection status of foot and-mouth disease (FMD) virus (FMDV) in animals. In this study, the singleplex real time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) assay employing the Callahan 3DF-2, 3DF-R primers and Callahan 3DP-1 probe were used in screening for FMDV genome on esophageal– pharyngeal (OP) fluids. The OP samples were collected from cattle and African buffaloes in livestock-wildlife interface areas of Mikumi, Mkomazi and Ruaha National Parks in Tanzania in 2011, which included National Parks and surrounding areas. The detection rates of FMDV genome were 5.88% (n = 3), 19.44% (n = 7) and 41.18% (n = 21) in Mkomazi, Ruaha and Mikumi National Parks, respectively. FMDV detection rates in Mkomazi and Mikumi were significantly higher in the African buffaloes (p < 0.05) compared to that in cattle. There was no correlation of FMDV detection with either age or sex of the animals in the three National Parks. These findings indicate that cattle and buffaloes in Mikumi, Ruaha and Mkomazi were naturally infected with FMDV. Furthermore, the higher FMDV detection rates in buffaloes suggest that buffaloes could potentially act as reservoirs for FMDV and possibly play a significant role in transmission of the virus to other in-contact susceptible animals. Further studies, including serotyping, virus isolation, experimental infection and sequencing of the viruses, are required to elucidate the complex epidemiology of FMD in cattle and buffaloes in the livestockwildlife interface areas in Tanzania.

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APA

PETER, E (2021). Screening For Foot And Mouth Disease Virus In Buffaloes And Cattle In Selected Livestock-Wildlife Interface Areas Of Tanzania. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/screening-for-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-buffaloes-and-cattle-in-selected-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-tanzania

MLA 8th

PETER, EMMA "Screening For Foot And Mouth Disease Virus In Buffaloes And Cattle In Selected Livestock-Wildlife Interface Areas Of Tanzania" Afribary. Afribary, 11 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/screening-for-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-buffaloes-and-cattle-in-selected-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-tanzania. Accessed 15 Aug. 2022.

MLA7

PETER, EMMA . "Screening For Foot And Mouth Disease Virus In Buffaloes And Cattle In Selected Livestock-Wildlife Interface Areas Of Tanzania". Afribary, Afribary, 11 May. 2021. Web. 15 Aug. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/screening-for-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-buffaloes-and-cattle-in-selected-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-tanzania >.

Chicago

PETER, EMMA . "Screening For Foot And Mouth Disease Virus In Buffaloes And Cattle In Selected Livestock-Wildlife Interface Areas Of Tanzania" Afribary (2021). Accessed August 15, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/screening-for-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-in-buffaloes-and-cattle-in-selected-livestock-wildlife-interface-areas-of-tanzania