Sentiment analysis of social media data using Supervised learning and Ekman’s basic emotions theory

Abstract:

Social media has emerged as an effective source to investigate people’s opinions in the

context of a variety of topics and situations, including crime. Crime solving can be a

difficult task hence requiring human intelligence together with experience. Crime data

is usually big and full of noise; hence manual analysis of this data is tedious and

sometimes impossible to do. Data mining techniques such as Sentiment Analysis can

help in analysing such big data. In Sentiment Analysis, polarity in a text is identified using

text processing and classification. For our study, we used textual sentiment analysis in

retrieving the sentiment or emotion carried by a piece of text at sentence level. We

used multi-classification of data by categorising data using the Ekman’s basic emotions

theory. This research work applied Sentiment Analysis of Facebook data in order to

predict the public emotion regarding crime issues affecting their lives. A model was

designed and trained using supervised learning approaches; Naïve Bayes, J48, K-NN and

Random Forest. The model was tested on Facebook crime dataset. The results from the

experiments showed that Random Forest outperformed all the other classifiers with an

accuracy of 80%. Naïve Bayes followed with an accuracy of 71.29%, K-NN with 69.21%

and J48, which was the least performing classifier, achieved 65.92%. The results of the

predictive model were also used to demonstrate a correlation between the moods

observed on social media and the Botswana Police Annual Report of 2016. Results show

that sentiments have an impact on the outcome of the Police Report, hence showing a

positive correlation. Results provide valued information that will assist the Botswana

Police Service to put in strategy their actions with considerations to public sentiments

and hence improve the process of handling crime related issues.

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APA

Thabiso, D & Thabiso, D (2024). Sentiment analysis of social media data using Supervised learning and Ekman’s basic emotions theory. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/sentiment-analysis-of-social-media-data-using-supervised-learning-and-ekman-s-basic-emotions-theory

MLA 8th

Thabiso, Diale and Diale Thabiso "Sentiment analysis of social media data using Supervised learning and Ekman’s basic emotions theory" Afribary. Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/sentiment-analysis-of-social-media-data-using-supervised-learning-and-ekman-s-basic-emotions-theory. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Thabiso, Diale, Diale Thabiso . "Sentiment analysis of social media data using Supervised learning and Ekman’s basic emotions theory". Afribary, Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/sentiment-analysis-of-social-media-data-using-supervised-learning-and-ekman-s-basic-emotions-theory >.

Chicago

Thabiso, Diale and Thabiso, Diale . "Sentiment analysis of social media data using Supervised learning and Ekman’s basic emotions theory" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/sentiment-analysis-of-social-media-data-using-supervised-learning-and-ekman-s-basic-emotions-theory