Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Adherance To Utilization Of Antiretroviral Therapy For People Living With Hiv/Aids: A Case Study Of Dodoma Municipal And Kongwa District-Tanzania

SSA Research Emmanuel Kusunya 78 PAGES (15938 WORDS) Dissertation
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ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess the socio-economic factors influencing adherence to utilization of Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Dodoma Municipality and Kongwa District in Tanzania. Documentary review, questionnaire, interview and Focus Group Discussion were used in collecting data. A total of 140 respondents (99 PLHIVs and 41 key informants) from six health facilities were selected and interviewed as representatives for the purpose of this study.

Quantitative data were collected and analyzed by using SPSS software. Research findings indicate three main socio-economic factors influencing adherence to utilization of ART services among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV/AIDS). These were lack of employment support (66.7 %,) lack of confidentiality (50 %,) patient‟s preference to traditional medicines (30%) and cultural belief (29.3%) The study revealed that majority (91%) of PLHIV/AIDS use ART services. This implies that large number of people they are aware on the importance of early adherence to ARV. Few people did not adhere to ARV because of negligence, busy schedules and poor diet. Social- economic challenges which affect PLHIV in accessing quality ART services include stigmatization, poor diet and fear of being seen by other people during use of ART tablets, transport problems and lack of permanent residence.

This study recommends the following as strategies to be undertaken to increase ART adherence; provision of ART education, enrollment of PLHIV clients in community support groups, and referring clients to Income Generating Activities (IGA).

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APA

SSA, R (2021). Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Adherance To Utilization Of Antiretroviral Therapy For People Living With Hiv/Aids: A Case Study Of Dodoma Municipal And Kongwa District-Tanzania. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-factors-influencing-adherance-to-utilization-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-case-study-of-dodoma-municipal-and-kongwa-district-tanzania

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Adherance To Utilization Of Antiretroviral Therapy For People Living With Hiv/Aids: A Case Study Of Dodoma Municipal And Kongwa District-Tanzania" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 26 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-factors-influencing-adherance-to-utilization-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-case-study-of-dodoma-municipal-and-kongwa-district-tanzania . Accessed 13 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Adherance To Utilization Of Antiretroviral Therapy For People Living With Hiv/Aids: A Case Study Of Dodoma Municipal And Kongwa District-Tanzania". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 26 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-factors-influencing-adherance-to-utilization-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-case-study-of-dodoma-municipal-and-kongwa-district-tanzania >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Adherance To Utilization Of Antiretroviral Therapy For People Living With Hiv/Aids: A Case Study Of Dodoma Municipal And Kongwa District-Tanzania" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-factors-influencing-adherance-to-utilization-of-antiretroviral-therapy-for-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-case-study-of-dodoma-municipal-and-kongwa-district-tanzania