There are several challenges which face farmers in Igunga District in Tabora Region,
who have decided to engage in the production of sunflower. Despite of these
challenges, more famers keep on leaving their formal cash crop like cotton and seem
to prefer growing sunflower. This study was thus put in place in order to assess the
perceptions of small growers with respect to considering sunflower as an alternative
cash crop. The study was conducted in Igunga District in Tabora Region, a place
which is semi-arid in nature. The study mainly sought to achieve four objectives,
namely; to compare growers‘ preferences on sunflower with other cash crops, to
assess the producers‘ growth resulting from producing sunflower, to investigate on
the perceptions of sunflower growers, with regards to the benefits of growing the
crop and to investigate on the challenges facing sunflower growers in the study area.
The study was conducted using a descriptive cross-sectional research design and was
approached using mixed methods in order to improve validity. Data were collected
from sunflower small growers, stockiest, middle men, processors, distributors,
agricultural officers, and village and wards executive officers. Both, primary and
secondary data were utilized. While secondary data were obtained through
documentary review, primary data were gathered using questionnaire and interviews.
Thereafter, data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (means), frequencies,
percentages, Tables, comparison of situations, pattern matching and strong
explanation building. For quantitative analysis, SPSS computer software provided
The study has found out that, for almost all the indicators of cash crop used,
comparatively, sunflower ranked best when judged with other cash crops grown in
Igunga District. It was also uncovered that, there was a drastic change on the growth
indicators before and after an engagement in the production of sunflower for farmers
in Igunga District. Furthermore, it was revealed that, a great majority (about 71%) of
the respondent farmer‘s were satisfied with the crop and accepted to continue
considering it as their alternative cash crop. Reasons put forward for their satisfaction
were resistance of sunflower to drought, multiple economical usages of the crop and
low production costs associated with the crop compared to others which could be
grown in the area. However, it was discovered that, sunflower growers faced some
challenges, most notable, lack of reliable market, lack of capital for investing on
sunflower production, unavailability of improved sunflower inputs and that,
sunflower seeds were highly offended by birds.
It was recommended that, the government should formulate policies and supervises
to see that, the crop is not marketed in raw form because it provides a little or no
value addition. Agro-processing provides an opportunity for increased incomes and
creates jobs along the value chain, through an expansion of forward and backward
linkages in the economy. The government is further advised to strengthen financial
instructions and financial intermediaries (Rural Community Banks, SACCOs and the
like) in order to make them responsive to agricultural development financial needs.
Finally, the local government leaders are advised to harmonize small growers to form
groups, in order to easily access extension and research advisory services timely
putting in mind that, agricultural information technologies are changing
spontaneously and extension agents, remain small in number to meet every farmer at
SSA, R (2021). Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region
Research, SSA. "Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region . Accessed 13 May. 2021.
Research, SSA. "Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region >.
Research, SSA. "Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region