Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region

SSA Research Josea B. Samaluku 101 PAGES (22108 WORDS) Dissertation
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ABSTRACT

There are several challenges which face farmers in Igunga District in Tabora Region,

who have decided to engage in the production of sunflower. Despite of these

challenges, more famers keep on leaving their formal cash crop like cotton and seem

to prefer growing sunflower. This study was thus put in place in order to assess the

perceptions of small growers with respect to considering sunflower as an alternative

cash crop. The study was conducted in Igunga District in Tabora Region, a place

which is semi-arid in nature. The study mainly sought to achieve four objectives,

namely; to compare growers‘ preferences on sunflower with other cash crops, to

assess the producers‘ growth resulting from producing sunflower, to investigate on

the perceptions of sunflower growers, with regards to the benefits of growing the

crop and to investigate on the challenges facing sunflower growers in the study area.

The study was conducted using a descriptive cross-sectional research design and was

approached using mixed methods in order to improve validity. Data were collected

from sunflower small growers, stockiest, middle men, processors, distributors,

agricultural officers, and village and wards executive officers. Both, primary and

secondary data were utilized. While secondary data were obtained through

documentary review, primary data were gathered using questionnaire and interviews.

Thereafter, data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (means), frequencies,

percentages, Tables, comparison of situations, pattern matching and strong

explanation building. For quantitative analysis, SPSS computer software provided

significant help.

The study has found out that, for almost all the indicators of cash crop used,

comparatively, sunflower ranked best when judged with other cash crops grown in

Igunga District. It was also uncovered that, there was a drastic change on the growth

indicators before and after an engagement in the production of sunflower for farmers

in Igunga District. Furthermore, it was revealed that, a great majority (about 71%) of

the respondent farmer‘s were satisfied with the crop and accepted to continue

considering it as their alternative cash crop. Reasons put forward for their satisfaction

were resistance of sunflower to drought, multiple economical usages of the crop and

low production costs associated with the crop compared to others which could be

grown in the area. However, it was discovered that, sunflower growers faced some

challenges, most notable, lack of reliable market, lack of capital for investing on

sunflower production, unavailability of improved sunflower inputs and that,

sunflower seeds were highly offended by birds.

It was recommended that, the government should formulate policies and supervises

to see that, the crop is not marketed in raw form because it provides a little or no

value addition. Agro-processing provides an opportunity for increased incomes and

creates jobs along the value chain, through an expansion of forward and backward

linkages in the economy. The government is further advised to strengthen financial

instructions and financial intermediaries (Rural Community Banks, SACCOs and the

like) in order to make them responsive to agricultural development financial needs.

Finally, the local government leaders are advised to harmonize small growers to form

groups, in order to easily access extension and research advisory services timely

putting in mind that, agricultural information technologies are changing

spontaneously and extension agents, remain small in number to meet every farmer at

home.

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APA

SSA, R (2021). Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region

MLA 8th

Research, SSA. "Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region . Accessed 13 May. 2021.

MLA7

Research, SSA. "Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 27 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region >.

Chicago

Research, SSA. "Sunflower As An Alternative Cash Crop – Perceptions Of Small Growers: Case Of Igunga District In Tabora Region" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/sunflower-as-an-alternative-cash-crop-perceptions-of-small-growers-case-of-igunga-district-in-tabora-region