Susceptibility of Immature Stages of the Locusts Schistocerca Gregaria and Locusta Migratoria Migratorioides to the Microsporidium Johenrea Locustae and Effects of Infection on Feeding and Fe

Abstract:

Second instar nymphs of African migratory locust, Locusta migratoria migratorioides, and desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria, were tested for their susceptibility to the microsporidium pathogen Johenrea locustae (Lange et al. 1996, Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 68, 28) in the laboratory. Spores of J. locustae were produced from live L.m. migratorioides, a conspecific to L. migratoria capito. Locusta m. migratorioides and S. gregaria were exposed to wheat seedlings sprayed with 20 mL of three concentrations (106, 107 and 108 spores mL 1). Both second-instar nymphs of L.m. migratorioides and S. gregaria were susceptible to J. locustae infection at the three concentrations. There was no effect of concentration of the microsporidium on mortalities of S. gregaria (92 98%) 19 days postinfection. Adjusted mortality in L.m. migratorioides at 19 days postexposure was 24, 43 and 80% at the corresponding treatment concentrations. The effect of infection on fecundity was tested on both L.m. migratorioides and S. gregaria. Spinach leaf discs were treated with different concentrations (0, 104, 105 and 106 spores mL 1) of J. locustae and presented to female insects for 24 h. Female L.m. migratorioides surviving infection as nymphs laid significantly fewer egg pods than untreated controls at all levels of exposure. The number of eggs per female was also significantly lower in treated lots than in the controls. Higher spore concentrations also adversely affected egg hatching rate. The effect of J. locustae infection on feeding was tested on S. gregaria. There was a significant decrease in food intake among S. gregaria nymphs treated only at the high concentration (106 spores mL 1).
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APA

K., M (2024). Susceptibility of Immature Stages of the Locusts Schistocerca Gregaria and Locusta Migratoria Migratorioides to the Microsporidium Johenrea Locustae and Effects of Infection on Feeding and Fe. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/susceptibility-of-immature-stages-of-the-locusts-schistocerca-gregaria-and-locusta-migratoria-migratorioides-to-the-microsporidium-johenrea-locustae-and-effects-of-infection-on-feeding-and-fe

MLA 8th

K., Maniania "Susceptibility of Immature Stages of the Locusts Schistocerca Gregaria and Locusta Migratoria Migratorioides to the Microsporidium Johenrea Locustae and Effects of Infection on Feeding and Fe" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/susceptibility-of-immature-stages-of-the-locusts-schistocerca-gregaria-and-locusta-migratoria-migratorioides-to-the-microsporidium-johenrea-locustae-and-effects-of-infection-on-feeding-and-fe. Accessed 24 May. 2024.

MLA7

K., Maniania . "Susceptibility of Immature Stages of the Locusts Schistocerca Gregaria and Locusta Migratoria Migratorioides to the Microsporidium Johenrea Locustae and Effects of Infection on Feeding and Fe". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 24 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/susceptibility-of-immature-stages-of-the-locusts-schistocerca-gregaria-and-locusta-migratoria-migratorioides-to-the-microsporidium-johenrea-locustae-and-effects-of-infection-on-feeding-and-fe >.

Chicago

K., Maniania . "Susceptibility of Immature Stages of the Locusts Schistocerca Gregaria and Locusta Migratoria Migratorioides to the Microsporidium Johenrea Locustae and Effects of Infection on Feeding and Fe" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 24, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/susceptibility-of-immature-stages-of-the-locusts-schistocerca-gregaria-and-locusta-migratoria-migratorioides-to-the-microsporidium-johenrea-locustae-and-effects-of-infection-on-feeding-and-fe