DETERMINATION OF ARSENIC, ANTIMONY, SELENIUM AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER WITHIN IBADAN METROPOLIS

TAIWO ONI 75 PAGES (19726 WORDS) Dissertation
Subscribe to access this Work and thousands more at $15.19 for 30 days

DETERMINATION OF ARSENIC, ANTIMONY, SELENIUM AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER WITHIN IBADAN METROPOLIS

ONI TAIWO OLIWAFUNMILAYO


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Ground Water Quality Assessment   1

1.1.1 Significance of Water Quality Assessment 1

1.2 Groundwater Pollution         2

1.2.1 Sources of Water Pollution 5

1.3 Effects of Water Pollution         9

1.4 Sources of Arsenic, Selenium, Antimony in Groundwater              10

1.4.1 Sources of arsenic in groundwater     10

1.4.2  Sources of selenium (Se) in groundwater    12

1.4.3 Sources of antimony in groundwater            12

1.5 Ground Water Quality in Nigeria: Ibadan As Case Study    14

1.6 Aim of the Study     15

1.7 Scope of the Study      15

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW       16

2.1 Occurrences of Selenium, Antimony and Arsenic       16

2.1.1 Occurrence of selenium in natural environment      16

2.2.2 Occurrence of Selenium in soils     18

2.2.3 Occurrence of Selenium in Acquatic Environment               20

2.2.3 Occurrence of antimony in natural environment               22

2.2.5 Antimony (Sb) in soil       22

2.2.6 Antimony in aquatic environment               23

2.2.7 Arsenic in natural environment     24

2.2.8 Arsenic in aquatic environment                                                               24

2.2.8 Arsenic in soil               25

2.3 Physico-Chemical Parameters in Water       26

2.3.1 Temperature            26

2.3.2 pH                    26

2.3.3 Alkalinity                    27

2.3.4 Dissolved oxygen (DO)         27

2.3.5 Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)                                    27

2.3.6 Chemical oxygen demand (COD)             28

2.3.7 Sulphate                      28

2.3.8Chloride             28

2.3.9 Phosphate                     28

2.3.10 Nitrate             29

2.3 Inductively Coupled Plasma/Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP/OES)               29

2.4 Assessment of Limit to Arsenic, Selenium and Antimony in Drinking Water                                               29

2.5 Analytical Method in Determining Arsenic, Selenium and Antimony    30

2.5.1 Spectrophotometric methods                                                                 30

2.5.2 Electroanalytical methods      31

2.5.3 Atomic fluorescence               31

2.5.4 Plasmic spectrometric method.                                               32

2.5.5 Chromatographic method      32

2.5.6 Inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy method            33

CHAPTER THREE

MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.1 Study Location                       34

3.2 Sample Design       34

3.3 Sample Collection       35

3.4 Sample Preservation               35

3.5 Sample Preparation               41

3.6 Preparation of Reagents       41

3.7  Determination  of Parameters 43

3.9 Instrumental Analysis      44

3.10 Quality Assurance Protocol   49

3.11 Determination Of Heavy Metals Using Inductively Coupled Plasma/Optical Emission Spectroscopy( ICP-OES).             50

CHAPTER FOUR

RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

4.1 Characterization of the Sample       51

4.2 Concentration of Arsenic         57

4.3 Concentration of Antimony     58

4.4 Concentration of Selenium     58

4.5. Concentration of Total Alkalinity                                                               59

4.6. Concentration of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)      60

4.7. Concentration of Hardness     62

4.8. Concentration of Nitrate          62

4.9. Concentration of pH               62

4.10. Concentration of Phosphate 63

4.11. Concentration of Sulfate.       64

4.12. Concentration of Total dissolved solids TDS             65


CHAPTER FIVE

5.0. CONCLUSION            66

5.1. RECOMMENDATION.             66

REFERENCES                    67

APPENDIX

Subscribe to access this Work and thousands more at $15.19 for 30 days
Overall Rating

0

5 Star
(0)
4 Star
(0)
3 Star
(0)
2 Star
(0)
1 Star
(0)
APA

TAIWO, O (2018). DETERMINATION OF ARSENIC, ANTIMONY, SELENIUM AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER WITHIN IBADAN METROPOLIS. Afribary.com: Retrieved December 11, 2018, from https://afribary.com/works/taiwo-project

MLA 8th

ONI, TAIWO. "DETERMINATION OF ARSENIC, ANTIMONY, SELENIUM AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER WITHIN IBADAN METROPOLIS" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 28 Nov. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/taiwo-project . Accessed 11 Dec. 2018.

MLA7

ONI, TAIWO. "DETERMINATION OF ARSENIC, ANTIMONY, SELENIUM AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER WITHIN IBADAN METROPOLIS". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 28 Nov. 2018. Web. 11 Dec. 2018. < https://afribary.com/works/taiwo-project >.

Chicago

ONI, TAIWO. "DETERMINATION OF ARSENIC, ANTIMONY, SELENIUM AND PHYSIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS IN GROUNDWATER WITHIN IBADAN METROPOLIS" Afribary.com (2018). Accessed December 11, 2018. https://afribary.com/works/taiwo-project