Research Papers/Topics in Environmental Chemistry

Carbothermal Reduction Synthesis of Eggshell-Biochar Modified with Nanoscale Zerovalent Iron/Activated Carbon for Remediation of Soil Polluted with Lead and Cadmium

Pollution of soil with lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) has been gaining researchers’ attention because of their adverse health effects on the safety of the food chain and environmental health. Hence, their immobilization in the soil is of great interest to environmental scientists globally. In this study, eggshell-biochar modified with nanoscale zerovalent iron/activated carbon (ESB-nZVI/AC) were synthesized via carbothermal reduction synthesis and compared their immobilization efficiency at...

Health and Environmental Effects of Burning Plastic

Plastic is a material consisting of any of a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic organics that are malleable and can be molded into solid objects of diverse shapes. Plastics are typically organic polymers of high molecular mass, but they often contain other substances. They are usually synthetic, most commonly derived from petrochemicals, but many are partially natural (LPP, 2011). Plasticity is the general property of all materials that are able to irreversibly deform without breaking,...

Copper and Iron Distribution in Soil Profiles and Some Selected Vegetables of Saje and Sango Dump Sites

The current study was designed for determination of copper and iron and some physicochemical properties of soils collected from two selected dumpsites (Saje and Sango) in Ogun State, Nigeria by digging two depths of about 125cm. Samples were taken at different depth intervals of 25cm (i.e 0-25, 25-50, 50-75, 75-100 and 100-125cm). The soil were analyzed for physicochemical parameters such as Organic carbon, Organic matter, Soil pH, Electrical conductivity, Particle size, Cation Exhangeable Ca...

Adsorption Kinetics of Toxic Metals from Brewery Waste Water Using Adsorbent Prepared from Borassus aethiopum

A comparative study was carried out on the remediation of brewery effluent (Beff) using derived adsorbent (Untreated and treated) and commercial activated carbon. Preliminary study and characterization of the brewery effluent, derived adsorbent and commercial activated carbon was recorded, with result showing physico-chemical properties of the effluent falls within, lower and higher than discharge limit outlined by NESREA and WHO. Result of the physico-chemical and instrumental character...

Bioelectricity Production from Abattoir Wastewater Using Microbial Fuel Cells Connected in Series

In a bid to further study the possibility of producing bioelectricity from microbial fuel cell (MFC), this study aims at increasing the production of bioelectricity in abattoir wastewater. The wastewater from abattoir was used to construct three different microbial fuel cells and they were connected in series. The voltage of electricity produced was recorded over the period of three days. The physiochemical property of the wastewater was determined. Also the microorganisms present in t...

BIOELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FROM WASTEWATERS USING MICROBIAL FUEL CELL

Electricity supply in Nigeria has been a recurring decimal as huge amount of capital is involved. The aim of the study is to produce bioelectricity in a microbial fuel cell (MFC) from wastewaters. Wastewater from abattoir, fish pond, and stream were used to construct a microbial fuel cell and their physiochemical and microbiological properties were determined and the voltage of electricity produced was measured. Wastewaters were separately inoculated using pour plate to determine bacterial...

Assessment of Levels of Heavy Metals in Water and Colloid Samples from River Oyun

Heavy metals have been a defining parameter concerning water quality. They have constituted a major degree in pollutants levels in the environment. The study was designed to investigate the comparative levels of heavy metals in colloidal and water samples in relation to the activities on the River Oyun and the activities around the sampling location. The samples were analyzed for six metals using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The results obtained showed that the concentrations of ...

Assessment of Level of Heavy Metal in Soil and Their Environmental Effects from Three Mechanic Villages in Abuja

ABSTRACT This research work is aimed at assessment of levels of heavy metals in soils and their environmental effects from three Mechanic Villages in Abuja namely; Apo, Kugbo and Zuba. To achieve the set target, soil samples were collected from five sampling points in each of the mechanic villages to a depth range of 0 - 15 cm with a stainless hand-dug auger. A control sample was also taken from a point of approximately 100 km where neither industrial nor commercial activities take place. Re...

Wastewater pretreatment methods for constructed wetland: Review

One of the most interesting research topics has been the constructed wetlands (CWs) for wastewater treatment. The primary operating issue of CWs is medium clogging, which is caused by the accumulation of varying sorts of solids, resulting in a reduction in the infiltration capacity of the gravel substrate. It is commonly recognized that effective wastewater pretreatment is necessary for the long-term operation of CW. Pre-treatment is crucial because it prepares the influent for CW treatment. ...

Effect of Green Leaf Manuring on Soil Physicochemical and Soil Biological Parameters

ABSTRACT Present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of green leaf manuring on soil physicochemical and biological parameters. Three out of total four soil samples were treated with Mangifera indica, Gmelina arborea and Dialium guineense leaf manures one for each respectively prior to the cultivation of Telfairia occidentalis plant on each of the soil samples including the untreated soil sample (control). Physicochemical and biological parameters of the soil samples, plant growth char...

Challenges And Prospects For Sustainable Water Supply For Kajiado Town, Kajiado County

Kajiado town, the County headquarters for Kajiado County which is classified as semi-arid area, lacks adequate water supply systems. The town had a projected population of 16,003 in 2013 (KNBS, 2010) but no functional municipal water supply system. There is no permanent river near the town and the town has a formation with poor aquifer such that even bore holes have low water yields. Water is sold at an exorbitant price given that a twenty (20) litre jerry can cost on average Kshs 10 whi...

Effects Of Climate Variability On Maize Yield In Matungulu West, Machakos County Kenya

ABSTRACT Climate variability is now a reality and its effects continue to affect agriculture especially crop yields. Maize is said to be one of the crops adversely affected by climate variability. It is projected that unless bold steps are taken to reduce the effects of climate variability on crop yields, then the magnitude of its effect shall be enormous. It is based on this uncertainty that this paper was premised to interrogate the effects of climate variability (temperature and precipita...

Organochlorine Pesticide Residues In Shellfishes And Finfishes From Lagos Lagoon

ABSTRACT Organochlorine pesticides are persistent environmental contaminants which are lipophilicand hydrophobic, leading to their accumulation in biological tissues and the subsequent magnification of concentrations in organisms, progressing through to the food chain. Shellfishes, finfishes, microlayer water, mixed layer water, epipellic and benthic sediment samples were collected from the Lagos Lagoon and analysed for organochlorine pesticide residues. Sampling was conducted between Decem...

Evaluation Of Chlorpyrifos Ethyl Elisa Kit And Assessment Of Use And Spatial Distribution And Temporal Trend Of Selected Organophosphate And Carbamate Pesticides Residues In Water, Sediment A

ABSTRACT Heavy seasonal use of specific organophosphate and carbamate in the catchment area of Lake Naivasha is a potential cause of pollution of sediment, water and fish in the lake. However, there is lack of data on the potential pollutants, their levels in the aquatic ecosystem and monitoring strategy. The objectives of this study were to identify the commonly used pesticides and the timing of their application in Lake Naivasha catchment area through a survey; to evaluate the performance o...

Survey Of Levels Of Some Heavy Metals In Soil, Sugarcane And Some Sugarcane Products From Muhoroni And South Nyanza Sugar Companies Nucleus Estates, Kenya.

ABSTRACT Sugarcane is an important cash crop in Kenya. Due to its economic value, efforts are in progress to increase its production. The efforts include intense use of fertilizers, besides the use of high-yielding varieties. The intense use of fertilizers adds heavy metals to the sugarcane growing soils. The sugarcane plants can bioaccumulate heavy metals from soils to levels above safe limits. Metal levels in soil and factors such as soil pH and soil organic matter (SOM) influence levels of...


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