Temperature dependent electrical and gas sensing properties of ce/cuo nanostructures

Abstract:

Research on semiconducting metal oxide (MO) nanostructures is a fascinating field that has

received massive interest due to their significant physical and chemical properties which can

be useful in the development of highly efficient nanodevices. Incorporating impurities such

as metal elements into the MO matrix offers tailored properties for various applications.

Doped MO nanostructures exhibit modified structural, optical, electrical and morphological

properties rendering them useful for fabricating high-performance devices. This study

focuses on the synthesis of Cerium-Copper Oxide (Ce/CuO) nanopowders and thin films

using simple hydrothermal and spray pyrolysis methods that are both inexpensive and eco friendly. Characterization techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy,

Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Ultraviolet-Visible spectroscopy (Uv-Vis),

Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM), Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX), Atomic force

microscopy (AFM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET)

and two-point probe method were employed to gauge the characteristics of the synthesized

samples. XRD analysis revealed formation of monoclinic phase of CuO with decreasing

crystallinity of the samples as the Ce content increased. Analysis with EDX detected Cu, Ce,

and O in the samples. A Raman peak corresponding to the CeO2 phase was identified at

higher Ce doping levels. SEM imaging revealed that Ce incorporation induces changes in

nanostructure morphology. The optical bandgap (Eg) depicted a blue shift as the Ce content

increased in the samples. The Ce/CuO samples exhibited enhanced temperature-controlled

DC conductivity with the 4% Ce sample showing the lowest activation energy, lowest Tmax

and consequently the maximum conductivity peaking at a temperature of 503K. Ethanol

sensing capabilities of Ce/CuO thin films were measured at different ethanol concentrations

and working temperatures. Good stability and maximum response were observed for the

4 % Ce thin film. The sensor exhibited greater response to ethanol compared to methanol,

acetone, acentronile, and ammonia. These results suggest that the Ce/CuO is a promising

ethanol gas detector, with the Ce dopant playing a significant role in improving the electrical

and sensing properties of CuO.

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APA

Romang, B (2024). Temperature dependent electrical and gas sensing properties of ce/cuo nanostructures. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/temperature-dependent-electrical-and-gas-sensing-properties-of-ce-cuo-nanostructures

MLA 8th

Romang, Bosigo "Temperature dependent electrical and gas sensing properties of ce/cuo nanostructures" Afribary. Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/temperature-dependent-electrical-and-gas-sensing-properties-of-ce-cuo-nanostructures. Accessed 30 May. 2024.

MLA7

Romang, Bosigo . "Temperature dependent electrical and gas sensing properties of ce/cuo nanostructures". Afribary, Afribary, 30 Mar. 2024. Web. 30 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/temperature-dependent-electrical-and-gas-sensing-properties-of-ce-cuo-nanostructures >.

Chicago

Romang, Bosigo . "Temperature dependent electrical and gas sensing properties of ce/cuo nanostructures" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 30, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/temperature-dependent-electrical-and-gas-sensing-properties-of-ce-cuo-nanostructures