In this 21St century the problem facing rural areas in developing
countries like Tanzania are numerous. Formidable Social and
Economic services are deteriorating and proving to be
unsustainable; school enrollment rates are declining, food
situation is precarious, infant and maternal mortality rates
continues to be high, unemployment is on the rise, land
shortage, triggering off high population which led to the land
This study investigated the causes and impact of soil erosion on
the upper slopes of Kilimanjaro Mountain which carried out in
Tema village, Mbokomu ward, Moshi rural district. In this study
the main variables were the forms of soil erosion, causes, impact,
conservation measures in Tema village and recommendation to
control soil erosion in Tema village. Various methods for data
collection were used including interviews, questionnaires,
observation and photographs.
The findings show that soil erosion is caused by rainfall,
topography, vegetation destruction, drainage, ignorance,
inadequate extension services and disruption of transport among
others. Findings also revealed that population pressure has
enhanced soil erosion through deforestation, land fragmentation,
over cultivation, burning and socio-economjc development in
terms of infrastructure like roads which have placed much
burden to the soils of Tema Village hence leading to erosion,
Agriculture maipractices like digging up and down the slope
without strips, bands and terraces have accelerated soil erosion.
It was also found out that, the impact of soil erosion are loss of
soil fertility, loss of living organisms, destroyed crops, soil loss,
declining agricultural yields, and impact on road.
In order to reduce the impacts, the following techniques were put
in place terracing and contouring, crop intercropping, mulching
agro-forestiy and using of animal manure. Basing on the above it
is recommended that Farmers have to practice a forestation and
re~aforestation, checking the population numbers to reduce
fragmentation of land carrying out land surveys, surface
drainage, educating and training local communities on how to
Research, S. (2022). THE CAUSES AND IMPACTS OF SOIL EROSION ON THE UPPER SLOPES OF MOUNT KILIMAJARO~ A CASE STUDY OF TEMA VILLAGE, MBOKOMU WARD, MOSHI RURAL DISTRICT. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-causes-and-impacts-of-soil-erosion-on-the-upper-slopes-of-mount-kilimajaro-a-case-study-of-tema-village-mbokomu-ward-moshi-rural-district
Research, SSA "THE CAUSES AND IMPACTS OF SOIL EROSION ON THE UPPER SLOPES OF MOUNT KILIMAJARO~ A CASE STUDY OF TEMA VILLAGE, MBOKOMU WARD, MOSHI RURAL DISTRICT" Afribary. Afribary, 16 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-causes-and-impacts-of-soil-erosion-on-the-upper-slopes-of-mount-kilimajaro-a-case-study-of-tema-village-mbokomu-ward-moshi-rural-district. Accessed 01 Oct. 2022.
Research, SSA . "THE CAUSES AND IMPACTS OF SOIL EROSION ON THE UPPER SLOPES OF MOUNT KILIMAJARO~ A CASE STUDY OF TEMA VILLAGE, MBOKOMU WARD, MOSHI RURAL DISTRICT". Afribary, Afribary, 16 Aug. 2022. Web. 01 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-causes-and-impacts-of-soil-erosion-on-the-upper-slopes-of-mount-kilimajaro-a-case-study-of-tema-village-mbokomu-ward-moshi-rural-district >.
Research, SSA . "THE CAUSES AND IMPACTS OF SOIL EROSION ON THE UPPER SLOPES OF MOUNT KILIMAJARO~ A CASE STUDY OF TEMA VILLAGE, MBOKOMU WARD, MOSHI RURAL DISTRICT" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 01, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-causes-and-impacts-of-soil-erosion-on-the-upper-slopes-of-mount-kilimajaro-a-case-study-of-tema-village-mbokomu-ward-moshi-rural-district