ABSTRACT This study investigates the phenomenon of spiritually-induced affliction among the Ga people of Ghana. The Gas, just as most African cultures, believe that the world is divided into the causal realms of the physical and the spiritual. Based on this belief, they postulate that the cause of human affliction does not only originate from the physical realm, but also from the spiritual sphere. Events attributed to affliction emanating from the spiritual world are particular mishaps which natural (ordinary) explanations do not give satisfactory accounts. To the Gas, these are not just mere chance events, but events which are spiritually-induced. Accordingly, affliction is ultimately a spiritually-induced phenomenon resulting from either the direct actions of spiritual causative agents (SCA) such as the gods (jemawͻji) and ancestral spirits (niimɛ kɛ naamɛ), or the indirect deeds of social causative agents (SCA1) including witches (ayɛi), bad medicine-men (tsofatsɛmɛi), and all other spiritual experts who can use metaphysical powers to inflict pain. SCAs act directly since they don‟t rely on any other spiritual power to afflict people. On the other hand, SCA1s act indirectly because they depend on either the power of SCAs or higher spiritual powers to cause mishaps. Spiritually-induced affliction can take the form of diseases such as fever, paralysis, epilepsy, malaria, running stomach, and diseases that defy scientific diagnosis, and at other times body weakness and physical pain including head and stomach aches. In other cases, affliction comes as psychological problems such as madness (sɛkɛyeli), fear (gbeyeishemͻ), and even some abnormal behavior. Some cases are so severe that they lead to the death of the victim.
ADU, G (2021). The Concept Of “Affliction” In The Religious Context Of The Indigenous Ga People Of Ghana.. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-concept-of-affliction-in-the-religious-context-of-the-indigenous-ga-people-of-ghana
ADU, GYAU "The Concept Of “Affliction” In The Religious Context Of The Indigenous Ga People Of Ghana." Afribary. Afribary, 07 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-concept-of-affliction-in-the-religious-context-of-the-indigenous-ga-people-of-ghana. Accessed 08 Jun. 2023.
ADU, GYAU . "The Concept Of “Affliction” In The Religious Context Of The Indigenous Ga People Of Ghana.". Afribary, Afribary, 07 Apr. 2021. Web. 08 Jun. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/the-concept-of-affliction-in-the-religious-context-of-the-indigenous-ga-people-of-ghana >.
ADU, GYAU . "The Concept Of “Affliction” In The Religious Context Of The Indigenous Ga People Of Ghana." Afribary (2021). Accessed June 08, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/the-concept-of-affliction-in-the-religious-context-of-the-indigenous-ga-people-of-ghana