The developmentally dynamic microRNA transcriptome of Glossina pallidipes tsetse flies, vectors of animal trypanosomiasis

Abstract:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are single stranded gene regulators of 18–25 bp in length. They play a crucial role in regulating several biological processes in insects. However, the functions of miRNA in Glossina pallidipes, one of the biological vectors of African animal trypanosomosis in sub-Saharan Africa, remain poorly characterized. We used a combination of both molecular biology and bioinformatics techniques to identify miRNA genes at different developmental stages (larvae, pupae, teneral and reproductive unmated adults, gravid females) and sexes of G. pallidipes. We identified 157 mature miRNA genes, including 12 novel miRNAs unique to G. pallidipes. Moreover, we identified 93 miRNA genes that were differentially expressed by sex and/or in specific developmental stages. By combining both miRanda and RNAhybrid algorithms, we identified 5550 of their target genes. Further analyses with the Gene Ontology term and KEGG pathways for these predicted target genes suggested that the miRNAs may be involved in key developmental biological processes. Our results provide the first repository of G. pallidipes miRNAs across developmental stages, some of which appear to play crucial roles in tsetse fly development. Hence, our findings provide a better understanding of tsetse biology and a baseline for exploring miRNA genes in tsetse flies.
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APA

Careen, N (2024). The developmentally dynamic microRNA transcriptome of Glossina pallidipes tsetse flies, vectors of animal trypanosomiasis. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-developmentally-dynamic-microrna-transcriptome-of-glossina-pallidipes-tsetse-flies-vectors-of-animal-trypanosomiasis

MLA 8th

Careen, Naitore "The developmentally dynamic microRNA transcriptome of Glossina pallidipes tsetse flies, vectors of animal trypanosomiasis" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/the-developmentally-dynamic-microrna-transcriptome-of-glossina-pallidipes-tsetse-flies-vectors-of-animal-trypanosomiasis. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Careen, Naitore . "The developmentally dynamic microRNA transcriptome of Glossina pallidipes tsetse flies, vectors of animal trypanosomiasis". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/the-developmentally-dynamic-microrna-transcriptome-of-glossina-pallidipes-tsetse-flies-vectors-of-animal-trypanosomiasis >.

Chicago

Careen, Naitore . "The developmentally dynamic microRNA transcriptome of Glossina pallidipes tsetse flies, vectors of animal trypanosomiasis" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/the-developmentally-dynamic-microrna-transcriptome-of-glossina-pallidipes-tsetse-flies-vectors-of-animal-trypanosomiasis