A study on the effects of industrialization on the environment was carried out in the
leather industry of Kenya limited, Makongeni industrial area, Thika municipality, Thika
district. The main objectives considered include industrial activities carried out, the
impacts of LIK on the environment and to the industry, current measures being
undertaken to minimize the effects and the way forward through suggested
recommendations to reduce the industrial effects on the environment and on the people.
A general survey research design was used in carrying out the study. Data collection
instruments used include, interviews questionnaires, direct observation, photography and
library search. Results revealed that the major industrial activity of LIK is leather tanning
for export. The source for hides and skins is form pastoral areas and slaughter houses
which are bought when dried or wet-green. Raw hides and skins preservation method
used in the tannery are salting, chilling and dying.
The specific impacts of LIK industry originate from liquid, solid and gaseous emissions
resulting from the tanning operations. The effects of the tannery on the environment were
evident on soil, water air, presence of scavengers, littering of wastes when transporting
them and public health concerns as result of air and water pollution from the tannery’s
effluents. The public health concerns include cholera, malaria, respiratory problems, headaches, stomachaches, dizziness and skin disorders.
The strategies formulated for minimizing the effects of the industry on the environment of Makongeni are meant to maintain healthy living conditions, good water availability and quality, fertile productive soils as well as vegetation by minimizing air and water pollution in the industry. Measure undertaken include safety in use and handling of
chemicals at work, machine safety, personal protection and emergency preparedness, use of load lifting devices, reduction of chloride load, solid waste management, environmental education, processing green hides and waste water treatment before releasing in to the environment.
The recommendations advanced include training, chromium recycling, waste water processing, proper solid disposal, capital intensive modifications, government intervention and human resource development, creating awareness and odour control in the tannery
NJERI, M (2021). The Effect Of Industrialization On The Environment” A Case Study Of Leather Industry Of Kenya Limited (Lik), Thika Municipality, Thika District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-industrialization-on-the-environment-a-case-study-of-leather-industry-of-kenya-limited-lik-thika-municipality-thika-district
NJERI, MUNJUGA "The Effect Of Industrialization On The Environment” A Case Study Of Leather Industry Of Kenya Limited (Lik), Thika Municipality, Thika District" Afribary. Afribary, 12 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-industrialization-on-the-environment-a-case-study-of-leather-industry-of-kenya-limited-lik-thika-municipality-thika-district. Accessed 28 Oct. 2021.
NJERI, MUNJUGA . "The Effect Of Industrialization On The Environment” A Case Study Of Leather Industry Of Kenya Limited (Lik), Thika Municipality, Thika District". Afribary, Afribary, 12 Jun. 2021. Web. 28 Oct. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-industrialization-on-the-environment-a-case-study-of-leather-industry-of-kenya-limited-lik-thika-municipality-thika-district >.
NJERI, MUNJUGA . "The Effect Of Industrialization On The Environment” A Case Study Of Leather Industry Of Kenya Limited (Lik), Thika Municipality, Thika District" Afribary (2021). Accessed October 28, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-effect-of-industrialization-on-the-environment-a-case-study-of-leather-industry-of-kenya-limited-lik-thika-municipality-thika-district