The effects of maternal Body Mass Index on placental morphology and foetal birth weight: a study from Dodoma Central Region,Tanzania

Edu Frontiers Elly O. Kiliopa 4 PAGES (1981 WORDS) Article/Essay
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Abstract

The well-being of the foetus is influenced by a number of factors[1] including maternal characteristics, the placenta and umbilical cord morphology and functions.[2] The placenta is a fantastic organ yet often neglected due to its transient existence; it performs functions that are later taken on by separate organs, including the lungs, liver, gut, kidneys and endocrine glands.[3] It is the interface between mother and foetus and influences maternal and newborn mortality.[4] Careful examination of the placenta can shed light on the in-utero environment of the foetus [5, 6] and can help to explain an abnormal neonatal outcome and might have consequences for treatment.[8,7] It might identify a risk of recurrence resulting in preventive measures during subsequent pregnancies.[8] However, there is evidence that the quality of the investigations of the placenta is very variable.[7] OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of maternal (BMI) on placental morphology and foetal birth weight. METHOD Gravid mothers at full term admitted to the labour wards of Dodoma Regional Referral Hospital, Chamwino District Hospital and Makole Urban Health Centre, for spontaneous vertex delivery were selected through simple random sampling. With the mothers’ consent the freshly delivered placentas were examined consecutively until the sample size of 236 was achieved. The mothers were weighed prior to delivery (with 12 kg deducted to give pre-pregnancy 

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APA

Edu, F (2021). The effects of maternal Body Mass Index on placental morphology and foetal birth weight: a study from Dodoma Central Region,Tanzania. Afribary.com: Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-placental-morphology-and-foetal-birth-weight-a-study-from-dodoma-central-region-tanzania

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu. "The effects of maternal Body Mass Index on placental morphology and foetal birth weight: a study from Dodoma Central Region,Tanzania" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 28 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-placental-morphology-and-foetal-birth-weight-a-study-from-dodoma-central-region-tanzania . Accessed 13 May. 2021.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu. "The effects of maternal Body Mass Index on placental morphology and foetal birth weight: a study from Dodoma Central Region,Tanzania". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 28 Apr. 2021. Web. 13 May. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-placental-morphology-and-foetal-birth-weight-a-study-from-dodoma-central-region-tanzania >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu. "The effects of maternal Body Mass Index on placental morphology and foetal birth weight: a study from Dodoma Central Region,Tanzania" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed May 13, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-maternal-body-mass-index-on-placental-morphology-and-foetal-birth-weight-a-study-from-dodoma-central-region-tanzania