This dissertation represents the findings of the research conducted in Fort Portal municipality,
Kabarole district. It describes the effects of poor sanitation on Public health and the
Environment. Poor sanitation characterized by liquid wastes, solid waste disposal techniques,
inadequate sanitation facilities and unsafe water supply systems. It is associated with diseases
such as cholera, typhoid, malaria, bilhazia, trachoma, schistosomiasis, and dysentery.
The objectives were to find out; the effects of poor sanitation on public health and the
environment, possible environmental contaminants, activities in Fort Portal town and sanitation
facilities available in the municipality.
Achieving the above objectives would result into establishing better ways of improving
sanitation and public health standards in the municipality, increase awareness in people about
keeping good hygiene, help other researchers in the same field and provide basic information to
municipal authorities to enable them make better framework and planning.
The methods used in data collection included: Sample size determination, use of questionnaires,
interview guides for key informants and focus groups, and observation checklists for only the
researcher. Data design, analysis and processing were used to extract meaningful information
from the data. Cases of poor sanitation were as a result of uncontrolled waste disposal in public
places, fewer latrines, and limited funds in waste management, and lack of awareness amongst
It should be noted that sanitation, public health and the environment are related. Thus, poor
sanitation can result into diseases, affect incomes of the people and make homes unrest due to
morbidities and deaths. Currently, the highest infection in Fort Portal is malaria at 57.03% since
stagnant wastewaters and solid wastes dumped in open sites are breeding places for mosquitoes.
Therefore, there is need to encourage the public to participate in the proper handling of wastes
and hygiene standards, more hygiene awareness campaigns by the authorities, procurement for
more funds and solid waste disposal facilities, making of waste water inventory progranunes,
and strengthening of bye- laws and implementing of Government laws and policies responsible for preventing the people and the environment from diseases and contamination respectively.
SSA, R (2021). The Effects Of Poor Sanitation On Public Health And The Environment• A Case Study Oc Fort Portal Municipality, Kabarole District- Ui3anda.. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 21, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-poor-sanitation-on-public-health-and-the-environment-a-case-study-oc-fort-portal-municipality-kabarole-district-ui3anda
Research, SSA. "The Effects Of Poor Sanitation On Public Health And The Environment• A Case Study Oc Fort Portal Municipality, Kabarole District- Ui3anda." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-poor-sanitation-on-public-health-and-the-environment-a-case-study-oc-fort-portal-municipality-kabarole-district-ui3anda . Accessed 21 Jun. 2021.
Research, SSA. "The Effects Of Poor Sanitation On Public Health And The Environment• A Case Study Oc Fort Portal Municipality, Kabarole District- Ui3anda.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 21 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-poor-sanitation-on-public-health-and-the-environment-a-case-study-oc-fort-portal-municipality-kabarole-district-ui3anda >.
Research, SSA. "The Effects Of Poor Sanitation On Public Health And The Environment• A Case Study Oc Fort Portal Municipality, Kabarole District- Ui3anda." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 21, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/the-effects-of-poor-sanitation-on-public-health-and-the-environment-a-case-study-oc-fort-portal-municipality-kabarole-district-ui3anda