The Impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1980-2014

The study examines the impact of agriculture on economic growth in Nigeria from 1980 to 2014. Agriculture played a dominant role in the economic growth of the country, providing employment opportunity, raw materials for industries and providing foreign exchange earnings for the country. Though little emphasis was placed on agricultural productivity in the advent of crude oil, the impact of agriculture on economic growth has been significant. The study therefore examines some policy programs designed to improve agricultural productivity at did a contemporary review of agricultural contribution to economic growth.

Table of Contents

1.0 Background of the Study.......................1

2.0 Overview of Agriculture in Nigeria ……………3

3.0 Agricultural Programs in Nigeria:1980-2014….4

4.0 Impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth in Nigeria…..................................…..11

5.0 Summary/Conclusion……………….........15


Agriculture continues to play a dominant role in economic development. Agriculture is the basic foundation of any industrial economic revolution in that, aside providing for the food needs of man, it supplies the raw materials that are inputs in the production process. The World Development Report (2013), Agricultural growth was the precursor to the industrial revolution that spread across the temperate world, from England in the mid-18th century to japan in the late 19th century. The report also noted that the recent rapid agricultural growth in countries like China, India and Vietnam as the precursor to the rise of industry. In countries where agricultural activity is at an increasing level, it generates taxable surplus that compliments government revenue. It is then no doubt to say that in many developed countries of the world, agriculture stood as the foundation for their development.

In the African circle, agriculture holds a great potential to serve as an engine of faster growth and poverty reduction in the region. This is because Africa is blessed with cultivable land, huge population and favorable climate which when fully utilized can plunge most of the countries on the pedestal of economic growth and development. A fact sheet published by the International Food Policy Research Institute in 2009 revealed that , ‘in most African countries, agriculture is the engine of economic growth, and agricultural growth is the corner stone of poverty reduction. Approximately sixty-five percent of Africans rely on agriculture as their primary source of livelihood. Small scale farmers are responsible for more than ninety percent of Africa’s agricultural production’. In the contemporary, agriculture accounts for 30 to 40 percent of Africa’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and almost 60 percent of its total export earnings. Agricultural sector has no doubt contributed to the economic growth and development witnessed in Africa today. This was put in retrospect by Fan (2009), stating that agricultural growth rates have increased modestly from about 2.4 percent a year in 1980-1989 to 2.7 percent in1990-1999 and 3.3 percent a year since 2000. This is impressively outstanding and factual to note that the level of growth in agricultural productivity increased in response to the level of government expenditure in the sector.

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Emmanuel, S. (2018). The Impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1980-2014. Afribary. Retrieved from

MLA 8th

Emmanuel, Sani "The Impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1980-2014" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, Accessed 14 Jun. 2024.


Emmanuel, Sani . "The Impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1980-2014". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 14 Jun. 2024. < >.


Emmanuel, Sani . "The Impact of Agriculture on Economic Growth in Nigeria: 1980-2014" Afribary (2018). Accessed June 14, 2024.

Document Details
By: Sani Emmanuel Field: Economics Type: Paper 30 PAGES (5310 WORDS) (docx)