The Impact of Human Activities On Sustainable Environment Management of the Lake Shore Ecosystems: A Case Study of Mwaloni Landing Site On Lake Victoria, Tanzania

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL H

DEDICATION

AKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

LIST OF TABLES vU

LIST OF FIGURES vHj

ABBREVIATIONS

ABSTRACT x

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Background of the study area 1

1.2 The problem statement ,“, .. 3

1.3 Purpose of the study 4

1.4: Objectives of the research 4

1.4.1 General Objective 4

1.4.2 Specific Objectives 4

1.5 Research questions 4

i.6Scopeofthestudy 5

1.6.1 Content scope 5

1.6.2:Geographical scope 5

1.6.3 Time scope S

1.7 Significance of the study s

1.8 Theoretical framework 6

1.8.1 The significance/justifications of the study 6

1.9. Definition of the key terms 6

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW s

2.1 Causes of the pollution 8

2.2 impact caused by the human activities 10

V

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY .17

3.1 Research Design 17

3.2 Location of the study Area 17

3.3 Climate ofthe Area 17

3.4 Study population 17

3.5 Sample size and sampling procedures 17

3.7 Research Instruments 18

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS 20

4.1 Demographics of respondents 20

4.1.1 Age ofrespondents 20

4.1.2 Sex of respondents 21

A ~ -

‘t. 1.3 LzUutauuIIaI uaLLtgtoUIlU 21

4.1.4 Occupation of respondents 22

4.1.5 Number of people in a house hold 23

4.2 The impact of human activities along Lake Victoria shores 24

4.3 Effects of human activities on the people and the aquatic environment 25

CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 28

REFERENCES 34

APPENDICES 36

APPENDIX A: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR COMMUNITY RESIDENTS 36

APPENDIX B: INTERVIEW INFORMANT GUIDE (FOR LOCAL LEADERS, CIVIL WORKERS,

NGOS,CBOS) 42

ABSTRACT The study was to investigate how human activities along Lake Victoria shores in Mwaloni region, have led to resources degradation, and to come up with solutions to reduce such effects on the lake ecosystem. The main objective was to determine the effects of human activities on the people and the aquatic environment along Lake Victoria shores in Mwaloni region-Mwanza Tanzania. The methods used for data collection involved both qualitative and quantitative techniques. Questionnaires alongside face to face interviews were the tools used. Findings indicated that human activities to were largely responsible for aquatic! lake degradation. Circumstances of water pollution, wetland reclamation, and waste disposal into the water, uncontrolled fishing and increased construction debris disposal into the lake were as a result of human activities. The researcher noted that what used to be the native mangrove vegetation and wetland/lake shore bogs have been severely cleared for settlement and establishment of business centres. Lake Shore ecosystem. However, the iciowledge of awareness- amongst the local population inMwaloni region regarding the lake degradation was low, with about 10% of the population completely un aware of any changes in the water ecosystem. The researcher’s fear was that most degradation noticed on the lake and aquatic ecosystem was anthropogenically induced and the population and demand for resources continue to increase given the increasing human population. Recommendations include: - the govermnent must therefore continue to invest heavily in providing logistical support in order .to provide residents of IvIwaloni with the much needed fimds and training on how io conserve Lake Victoria shores!resources and other lakes in Tanzania irrespective of their region of origin, income status, gender, religion and nay other disparities. Tanzanian Government must invest in people by expanding access to funds, the neediest and providing for working poor, those unable to work and special vulnerable and targeting marginalized groups.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & HAMAD, R (2022). The Impact of Human Activities On Sustainable Environment Management of the Lake Shore Ecosystems: A Case Study of Mwaloni Landing Site On Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-human-activities-on-sustainable-environment-management-of-the-lake-shore-ecosystems-a-case-study-of-mwaloni-landing-site-on-lake-victoria-tanzania

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and RASHID HAMAD "The Impact of Human Activities On Sustainable Environment Management of the Lake Shore Ecosystems: A Case Study of Mwaloni Landing Site On Lake Victoria, Tanzania" Afribary. Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-human-activities-on-sustainable-environment-management-of-the-lake-shore-ecosystems-a-case-study-of-mwaloni-landing-site-on-lake-victoria-tanzania. Accessed 02 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and RASHID HAMAD . "The Impact of Human Activities On Sustainable Environment Management of the Lake Shore Ecosystems: A Case Study of Mwaloni Landing Site On Lake Victoria, Tanzania". Afribary, Afribary, 18 Aug. 2022. Web. 02 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-human-activities-on-sustainable-environment-management-of-the-lake-shore-ecosystems-a-case-study-of-mwaloni-landing-site-on-lake-victoria-tanzania >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and HAMAD, RASHID . "The Impact of Human Activities On Sustainable Environment Management of the Lake Shore Ecosystems: A Case Study of Mwaloni Landing Site On Lake Victoria, Tanzania" Afribary (2022). Accessed October 02, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-impact-of-human-activities-on-sustainable-environment-management-of-the-lake-shore-ecosystems-a-case-study-of-mwaloni-landing-site-on-lake-victoria-tanzania