The Impacts of Human Activities on Wild-Life Conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo

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ABSTRACT 

The research topic was “The impact of human activities on wild-life conservation in Kahuzi Biéga National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo. “The main objective of this study was to establish how human activities have affected wildlife conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National ‘ark in the Democratic Republic of Congo “.This study used quantitative method for data collection. It is economical and efficient in data collection. It is used in investigating relationships between variables. It is very precise and objective; more focused and out-come oriented. Data are represented quantitatively and processed using quantitative models inferential statistics). The study findings were that Legal issues related to hunting/poaching are essential towards wildlife conservation, such as those on regulation of hunting, on licenses and ~n ownership of wildlife. Among the most common protection rules are those which set out prohibitions applicable to hunting. This was in line with that these prohibitions are of different  types. Limitations in the quantity of animals which may be hunted (for example under a single license, or within a certain period) are not common in the principal legislation, as they are more frequently placed in subsidiary legislation periodically adopted or incorporated as license conditions. II was concluded that Poaching is the illegal killing of wildlife, undertaken for reasons that may include revenge, meal for food or sale, tradition or money. Poachers might be poor locals from the area to foreigners capitalizing on the lucrative illegal wildlife trade. The researcher recommended that there is need to protect Forests/tree planting which is critical for wildlife conservation as they provide many benefits. Tree planting that later turns into natural and artificial forest has the following advantages to wildlife: They provide habitat which is the most obvious, they provide breeding grounds for species that aren’t typically common to forests. My favourite example that I want to see is the marbled murrelet, They are also key to helping liter water and slow the run off of soil into water, this helps not only animals living in streams ml also dams that generate power, Next up they are critical for certain species offish.



TABLE OF CONTENT

DECLARATION

APPROVAL ii

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS v

TABLE OF CONTENT vi

ABSTRACT xi

CHAPTER ONE - 1 -

Introduction — 1 —

~l Background of the study - 1 -

1.2 historical Perspective - 1 -

1.3Conceptual perspective -2-

1.4 Contextual perspective - 3 -

1.5 Theoretical Perspective - 4 -

2 Statement of the problem - 4 -

3 Main objective of the Study - 5 -

4 Specific Objectives - 5 -

5 Research questions - 5 -

6 Null hypothesis (IIo)~ - 6 -

7 Scope of study - 6 -

7.1 Geographical scope - 6 -

7.2 Time scope - 6 -

8 Definition of Terms - 6 -

9. Significance of the Study - 8 -

CHAPTER TWO -10-

LITERATURE REVIEW - 10-

0 Introduction - 10 -

1 Theoretical review - 10 -

.3. Human activities .- 12 -

.3.lCrop farming - 13 -

.3.2 Livestock grazing - 13 -

.3.3 Poaching - 14 -

.3.4 Tourism - 15 -

.3.5 Charcoal burning - 16 -

.3.6 Human settlement - 17 -

.4 Wildlife Conservation - 18 -

.4.1 Tree planting - 19 -

.4.2 Fencing -19-

.4.3 Guards/game rangers - 21 -

.4.4 Direct compensation schemes - 22 -

.4.5 Limitation to poaching - 23 -

4.6 Use of Licenses - 24 -

.5 Empirical Literature review - 25 -

CHAPTER THREE: MATERIALS AND METHODS -28-

iStudyArca -28-

2 Flora and fauna - 29 -

2.1 Flora -29-

2.2 Fauna -29

2 Research design - 29 -

3 Research Population - 30 -

5 Sampling Procedure - 31 -

6 Research Instruments - 31 -

8 Data Gathering Procedure - 33 -

9 Data Analysis - 33 -

10 Ethical Considerations - 33 -

CHAPTER FOUR -34-

PRESENTATION, DESCRIPTION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS -34

0 Introduction - 34 -

.2 Impact of poaching on wildlife conservation in Kahuzi-Biega national park in Democratic republic of Congo 38 -

CHAPTER FIVE - 50 -

.0 DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS -50-

.1. lI-low poaching has affected wildlife conservation in Kahuzi-Biéga National Park - 50 -

.1 .2Effects of charcoal burning on wildlife conservation - 51 -

.1 .5 Strategies that have been put in place to ensure wildlife conservation - 52 -

.2 Conclusion - 55 -

.3 Recommendations - 56 -

.4 Areas for Future Thesis - 58 -

REFERENCES -59 -

Appendix A: Questionnaires for Respondents - 64 -

Appendix B: Proposed Budget - 72 -

appendix C: Work Plan - 73 -

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APA

Consults, E. & GATAMBARA, N (2022). The Impacts of Human Activities on Wild-Life Conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-impacts-of-human-activities-on-wild-life-conservation-in-kahuzi-biega-national-park-in-democratic-republic-of-congo

MLA 8th

Consults, Education, and NDARUHUYE GATAMBARA "The Impacts of Human Activities on Wild-Life Conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo" Afribary. Afribary, 23 Nov. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-impacts-of-human-activities-on-wild-life-conservation-in-kahuzi-biega-national-park-in-democratic-republic-of-congo. Accessed 07 Dec. 2022.

MLA7

Consults, Education, and NDARUHUYE GATAMBARA . "The Impacts of Human Activities on Wild-Life Conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo". Afribary, Afribary, 23 Nov. 2022. Web. 07 Dec. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/the-impacts-of-human-activities-on-wild-life-conservation-in-kahuzi-biega-national-park-in-democratic-republic-of-congo >.

Chicago

Consults, Education and GATAMBARA, NDARUHUYE . "The Impacts of Human Activities on Wild-Life Conservation in Kahuzi-Biega National Park in Democratic Republic of Congo" Afribary (2022). Accessed December 07, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/the-impacts-of-human-activities-on-wild-life-conservation-in-kahuzi-biega-national-park-in-democratic-republic-of-congo